Bohinj Railway

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Jesenice–Nova Gorica–Trieste Campo Marzio
Bohinj Railway
Solkan Bridge, the second-longest stone bridge in the world[1]
Solkan Bridge, the second-longest stone bridge in the world[1]
Line number: 70
Track gauge: 1435
Voltage: Villa Opicina–Trieste: 3 kV DC
Maximum incline: 25  %
Maximum speed: 80
from Rosenbach (Villach and Klagenfurt)
0.0 Jesenice
Line to Ljubljana
Sava
2.6 Kočna
A2
4.8 Vintgar
Dobrava Tunnel 50 m
Radovna Creek
Vintgar Tunnel 1,181 m
7.5 Podhom
10.0 Bled Jezero
Bled Tunnel 189 m
Sedlo Tunnel 509 m
Bela Tunnel 253 m
14.1 Bohinjska Bela
Oberne Tunnel 1,295 m
Galerie I 167 m
Soteska
23.7 Nomenj
27.9 Bohinjska Bistrica
Bohinj Tunnel 6,327.4 m
35.2 Podbrdo
Kuk Tunnel 102 m
Galerie II 43 m
40.3 Hudajužna
Hudajužna Tunnel 311 m
Bača
Kupovo Tunnel 54 m
Bača
Humar Tunnel 88 m
Bača
Bača
Bukovo Tunnel 937 m
Bača
Bača
46.9 Grahovo ob Bači
Bača
Grahovo Tunnel 202 m
Kneža Tunnel 384 m
Kneža
Klavže Tunnel 170 m
Bača
50.4 Podmelec
Rakovec Tunnel 292 m
Bača
Bača
Bača Tunnel 46 m
102
Idrijca
55.8 Most na Soči
Most na Soči Tunnel 619 m
Dobročnik Tunnel I 41 m
Dobročnik Tunnel II 78 m
Skrt Tunnel 390 m
Log Tunnel 804 m
Schlundbach
Vogršček Tunnel 221 m
Doblar Tunnel 348 m
Avče Tunnel 341 m
64.1 Avče
Galerie III 130 m
Auzza
SočaIsonzo
Kanal Tunnel 175 m
69.9 CanaleKanal
73.1 Anhovo
75.8 Plave
Zopatbach
Plave Tunnel 450 m
Vrhulj Tunnel 348 m
Galerie IV 143 m
Galerie V 82 m
Solkan Bridge ; 220 m
86.8 Solkan
89.1 Nova Gorica
Kostanjevica Tunnel 228 m
to Gorizia Centrale
92.3 Šempeter pri GoriciSt. Peter
95.7 Volčja Draga
Liak
97.1 Okroglica
100.1 Prvačina
Vipava
to Aidovčina
101.5 Dornberk
Tabor Tunnel 155 m
Vipava
Vipava
103.2 Steske
Kuk Tunnel 107 m
Maklavi
106.3 Branik
Branik Tunnel I 119 m
Branik Tunnel II 199 m
Branzca Tunnel 170 m
Štanjel Tunnel 532 m
113.2 ŠtanjelSt. Daniel
117.3 Kopriva
119.8 Dutovlje
Kreplje
to Sežana (since 1948)
Repentabor
19.466 State border SloveniaItaly
former Austrian Southern Railway (Section Šentilj–Trieste)
Trieste–Ljubljana; now Autoporto Fernetti branch
Austrian Southern Railway (Section Šentilj–Trieste)
from Ljubljana
15.695 Villa Opicina
Junction track with former Opicina South station
Austrian Southern Railway (Section Šentilj–Trieste)
to Trieste Centrale
Opicina Tunnel 1,054 m
8.00 Guardiella
Revoltella Tunnel 1,280 m
5.00 Rozzol-Montebellountil 2003 [2]
from Trieste Centrale
from Trieste Aquilinia / from Erpelle /
Narrow-gauge railway from Parenzo
0.799 Trieste Campo Marzio

The Bohinj Railway (Slovene: Bohinjska proga, Italian: Transalpina, German: Wocheiner Bahn) is a railway in Slovenia and Italy. It connects Jesenice in Slovenia with Trieste in Italy. It was built by Austria-Hungary in 1904 as a part of a new strategic railway, the Neue Alpenbahnen, that would connect Western Austria and Southern Germany with the then Austro-Hungarian port of Trieste. The line starts in Jesenice, at the Southern end of the Karawanks Tunnel; it then crosses the Julian Alps through the Bohinj Tunnel, and passes the border town of Nova Gorica before crossing the Italian border and reaching Trieste.

During the First World War, it carried the majority of Austrian military supplies to the Isonzo Front. Due to new political divisions in Europe, with the dissolution of Austria-Hungary into separate states in 1918 and the isolation of communist Yugoslavia after 1945, the railway decreased in importance during the twentieth century. However, Slovenia's accession to the European Union has created new prospects for the railway as a convenient passenger and freight route from Central and Eastern Europe to the port of Trieste.

Distinctive features of the railway are the 6,339 metre-long Bohinj Tunnel under 1,498 meter high Mount Kobla and the Solkan Bridge with its 85 meter wide arch over the Soča River.

Names[edit]

  • The Slovenian name for the railway is Bohinjska proga (Bohinj railway), referring to both the valley and the town of Bohinj.
  • The German name for it is Wocheiner Bahn (the German name of Bohijn); the southern part of the railway, beyond Nova Gorica, has also been known as the Karstbahn. At the time of construction, the official designation was Karawanken- und Wocheinerbahn, in reference to the Karawanks railway from which it originates in Jasenice: together with it and the Tauern Railway (Tauernbahn), it formed the New Alpine Railways project (Neue Alpenbahnen).
  • In Italian, the railway is known as the Transalpina (the Cross-Alps Railway), and that name is still used for the Italian services between Gorizia and Trieste.

History[edit]

The political decision[edit]

In 1869, the Trieste Chamber of Commerce had sent a petition to the Emperor Franz Joseph, in which they argued that the opening that year of the Suez Canal would indubitably lead to further development of Trieste, the main port of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; therefore, a second railway line to Vienna or the northern parts of Austria would be needed to support increased maritime traffic, in addition to the existing Austrian Southern Railway. The discussion regarding the path that new railway would take was however not easily settled, and would actually lead to a " nearly thirty year long war".[3]

Only by 1901 was this dispute settled. On 12 February of that year, the Minister for Railway Affairs of Austria Heinrich Ritter von Wittek brought a bill to the attention of the Imperial Council (the Austrian parliament) for the construction of new railways and public investment in them. After approval by both chambers, the Emperor signed the bill into law on 6 June 1901.[4]

Among other provisions, the law provided that the Karawanks and Wocheiner (now Bohijn) railways should be built by 1905 as main lines of the first rank. The cost of that railway was estimated at 103.6 million Kronen, by far the most expensive railway project in the law. That cost would be covered by the issue of government bonds.

To overhaul such a large project, the Minister named a Construction Director directly subordinate to him, the engineer Karl Wurmb. In 1905, both Minister Wittek and Wurmb would be subjected to parliamentary critic regarding the cost overruns incurred by the construction due to geological difficulties.

Construction[edit]

Operation until 1945[edit]

Operation since 1945[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gorazd Humar (September 2001). "World Famous Arch Bridges in Slovenia". In Charles Abdunur. Arch'01: troisième Conférence internationale sur les ponts en arc Paris: (in English, French). Paris: Presses des Ponts. pp. 121–124. ISBN 2-85978-347-4. 
  2. ^ Impianti FS. In: I Treni Nr. 255 (Januar 2004), S. 8.
  3. ^ Heinersdorff: Die k.u.k. privilegierten Eisenbahnen, S. 120.
  4. ^ RGBl 1901/63. In: Reichsgesetzblatt für die im Reichsrath vertretenen Königreiche und Länder, Year 1901, p. 201–207. (Online bei ANNO)Template:ANNO/Maintenance/rgb.

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]