Bohumil Jílek (born 17. October 1892 in Deštná, died 3. August 1963 in New York), Chairman of The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia until 1929. (Deposed by Klement Gottwald) Before, he worked as journalist. After 1948, he left to France and later to USA.
His father was Jan Jílek a local policeman, his mother Františka née Vosolová.