Bohuslav Brauner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bohuslav Brauner
Bohuslav Brauner.jpg
Born (1855-05-08)8 May 1855
Prague
Died February 15, 1935(1935-02-15) (aged 79)
Prague
Nationality Bohemian
Fields Inorganic chemistry
Institutions Charles University in Prague
Alma mater Charles University in Prague
Known for Determination of atomic weights
Rare earth elements
Influences Dmitri Mendeleev

Bohuslav Brauner (May 8, 1855 – February 15, 1935) was a Czech chemist.

Brauner was a student of Robert Bunsen at the University of Heidelberg and later of Henry Roscoe at the University of Manchester. Brauner became lecturer for chemistry at the University of Prague in 1883 and professor in 1890.[1] He worked on the chemistry of the lanthanides, and in 1902 proposed that an element was missing between neodymium and samarium; it was later found to be promethium.[2][3] Brauner's conflict with Carl Auer von Welsbach about the priority for the discovery that didymium is a mixture of two elements (praseodymium and neodymium) was harsh. However, in the end Brauner withdrew his claims for unknown reasons.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bohuslav Brauner (1855–1935)". Nature 175 (4462): 796. 1955. Bibcode:1955Natur.175U.796.. doi:10.1038/175796e0. 
  2. ^ Laing, Michael (2005). "A Revised Periodic Table: With the Lanthanides Repositioned". Foundations of Chemistry 7 (3): 203–233. doi:10.1007/s10698-004-5959-9. 
  3. ^ van der Krogt, Peter. "Elementymology & Elements Multidict: promethium". Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  4. ^ Soukup, R. W. "Die wissenschaftliche Welt des Carl Auer von Welsbach: seine bedeutendsten Lehrer, Kollegen und Mitarbeiter". Forum Naturwissenschaftlicher Unterricht. Retrieved 2008-09-12. [dead link]

Further reading[edit]

  • "Bohuslav Brauner". Retrieved 2008-09-12. - contains additional references and biographical information