Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský
Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský (Christened 16 February 1684, Nymburk, Bohemia – 1 July 1742, Graz, Austria) was a Czech composer, organist and teacher of the baroque era. He wrote among other works motets, other choral works (a fugue Laudeatur Jesus Christus is cited by the Baroque Music Library as an excellent example of its kind) and organ solo works.
He was a son of a Nymburk cantor named Samuel Černohorský. From 1700 to 1702 he studied philosophy at the Prague university. In 1704 Černohorský became a member of the Minorite Order; later, in 1708 he was ordained as a priest. Nevertheless, in 1710 Černohorský was expelled from Czech lands for ten years, and he left for Assisi, Italy. From 1710 to 1715 he worked as an organist in the Basilica of San Francesco d'Assisi, and probably studied counterpoint with Giuseppe Tartini. He was called "Padre Boemo" in Italy. After the expiration of his punishment, he came back to Prague, where he devoted himself to teaching. Among the important pupils of the "Černohorský school" are Josef Seger, František Tůma and others. In 1731 he came to Italy again, and worked as an organist in Padua. Černohorský died in Graz in 1742. He is an ancestor of the contemporary Classical/Flamenco guitarist, Peter Černohorský.
Černohorský was an important representative of the late baroque style. He composed fugues and toccatas for organ, as well as vocal works. He deeply influenced the musical evolution in Czech lands as a composer, as well as a teacher.
- Vesperae Minus Solemnes (1702–1710) for choir, two violins and organ
- Regina Coeli (1712), antifone for double choir
- Laudetur Jesus Christus (1729) for soprano, alt, tenor, bass, strings and organ
- Precatus est Moyses
- Quare Domine Irasceris both for soprano, alt, tenor, bass, two violins, viola, three trumpets and organ
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