Boise Air Terminal
|1998 USGS Photo|
|IATA: BOI – ICAO: KBOI – FAA LID: BOI|
|Operator||City of Boise|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||2,871 ft / 875 m|
|Statistics (2008, 2010)|
|Aircraft operations (2008)||145,013|
|Based aircraft (2008)||240|
|Total Passengers (2010)||2,805,691|
|Source: ACI, Federal Aviation Administration Boise Airport A-Z World Airports|
Boise Airport (IATA: BOI, ICAO: KBOI, FAA LID: BOI) (Boise Air Terminal or Gowen Field) is a joint civil-military airport three miles south of Boise in Ada County, Idaho. The airport is operated by the city of Boise Department of Aviation and is overseen by an Airport Commission.
Boise is a landing rights airfield requiring international general aviation flights to receive permission from a Customs and Border Protection officer before landing.
In addition to being a commercial and general aviation airport, Boise also sees use by the Idaho Air National Guard on the Gowen Field Air National Guard Base portion of the airport. The National Interagency Fire Center is based in the city of Boise and the Boise Airport is used for logistical support. The United States Forest Service also uses Boise Airport as a base for aerial firefighting air tankers during the wildfire season.
In 1926 the first municipal airport in Boise was built on a gravel bed where the Boise State University campus now stands. The first commercial airmail flight in the United States passed through this airfield on April 26, 1926, carried by Varney Airlines. Varney Airlines began operating out of Boise in 1933, later merging with National Air Transport to become United Airlines. With United Airlines able to trace its roots to Varney, United is recognized as the airline that has operated the longest out of Boise, 83 years as of 2009. This airfield also played host to Charles Lindbergh's Spirit of St. Louis on September 4, 1927.
The current airport has its origins in 1936 when Boise began buying and leasing land for the airport. By 1938 Boise had the longest runway in the United States, 8,800 feet (2,682 m). The steel hangar for Varney Airlines was moved to the present field in 1939. As aircraft grew the hangar was no longer big enough and was converted into a passenger terminal. It was part of the modern terminal facility until the completion of a new terminal in 2004.
During World War II the Army Air Corps, later Army Air Forces, leased the field for use a training base for B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator bomber crews. More than 6,000 men were stationed there during the war.
The field was named Gowen Field on July 23, 1941, after 1st Lt. Paul R. Gowen (1909–1938). Born and raised in Caldwell, he attended the University of Idaho and graduated ninth in his class at West Point in 1933. While piloting a twin-engine B-10 bomber in the Army Air Corps, Gowen was killed instantly in a crash in Panama in July 1938. The right engine failed shortly after take-off from Albrook Field, near Panama City. The other two crew members, navigator and radio operator, survived and crawled from the wreckage with burns.
After the war the portion of the field used by the Army Air Forces was returned to the city. The Idaho Air National Guard began leasing the airfield after the war and continues to lease it currently.
Between 2003 and 2005 Boise Airport was remodeled. The airport now has a new terminal and an elevated roadway for departures. There were two phases in building the new terminal. Phase 1 considered amenities such as baggage claim, lobby, and food and beverage concession. Phase 2 dealt with security checkpoints and a new concourse (Concourse C).
The Boise Airport Passenger Terminal designed by CSHQA is a three-story, steel-framed 378,000-square-foot (35,100 m2) state-of-the-art aviation facility. Curvilinear, steel trusses create the undulating ceiling plane of the ticket lobby and define the signature profile of the building. The terminal has garnered national attention for the beauty of its design and is considered a prototypical post 9/11 facility.
The Boise Airport was a hub for Horizon Air from the late 1980s to the early 2000s with over 50 flights to 15 destinations at its peak, but was scaled down post 9/11. It currently is a minor focus city.
- Runway 10L/28R: 10,000 x 150 feet (3,048 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt, Weight capacity: 75,000 pounds (34,000 kg)/single wheel; VASI system
- Runway 10R/28L: 9,763 x 150 feet (2,976 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt, Weight capacity: 75,000 pounds (34,000 kg)/single wheel; VASI, ILS/DME
- Runway 09/27: 5,000 x 90 feet (1,524 x 27 m), Surface: Asphalt, Weight capacity: unspecified; Restrictions: Military only
In the year ending April 30, 2007, the airport had 184,023 aircraft operations, an average of 504 per day: 52% general aviation, 23% scheduled commercial, 18% air taxi, 7% military. At that time there were 286 aircraft based at this airport: 58% single-engine, 10% multi-engine, 7% jet, 9% helicopter and 16% military.
In 2005 over 3 million passengers passed through the airport.
The airport can handle minor maintenance and repairs through fixed base operators Jackson Jet Center, Turbo Air and Western Aircraft.
Law enforcement at the airport is handled by the Boise Police Department. The Airport Division has an authorized strength of 1 lieutenant, 2 sergeants, and 28 officers. There are currently 5 TSA certified K-9 units trained in explosive detection.
New ATC tower 
On January 4, 2008, city officials broke ground for Boise Air Terminal's latest improvement, a new air traffic control tower. As of today the tower is complete and stands 295 feet (90 m) tall, being Idaho's tallest structure (except for the numerous dams on Idaho rivers that are taller such as the 717 foot tall Dworshak Dam), and the Pacific Northwest's tallest control tower. It has also been relocated to the south side of the airport in order to control an existing Guard assault strip, runway 09/27, south of Gowen Field. The tower was planned and constructed when it was believed that the radar functions would be moved to Salt Lake City. After it was decided to leave the radar positions in Boise, the facility at the base of the tower had to be redesigned and partially remodeled to house the Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON). The tower and TRACON will not be operational until the projected completion date of October 2013, as the FAA makes the changes and adds new equipment to the facility.
Gowen Field Air National Guard Base 
Gowen Field Air National Guard Base primarily refers to the military facilities on the south side of the runways, which includes Air National Guard, Army National Guard, and reserve units of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps. The field is home to the 124th Fighter Wing (124 FW), Idaho Air National Guard, which consists of one flying squadron operationally-gained by the Air Combat Command (ACC) and 12 additional support units. The aircraft based at Gowen Field ANGB is the A-10 Thunderbolt II close air support attack aircraft of the 190th Fighter Squadron (190 FS). The 124 FW was previously designated as the 124th Wing (124 WG) until 2009 and as a composite unit also operated C-130 Hercules transport aircraft in the 189th Airlift Squadron (189 AS), which was operationally-gained by the Air Mobility Command (AMC). BRAC 2005 directed that the Idaho Air National Guard divest itself of the C-130 mission by 2009, transferring its C-130s to the Wyoming Air National Guard, while retaining its A-10 fighter mission. The 124 FW is composed of over 1000 military personnel, ranging from full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technicians (ART) to traditional part-time air national guardsmen.
Airlines and destinations 
In addition to scheduled airlines, there are several charter companies that operate out of Boise.
Scheduled passenger airlines and destinations 
|Alaska Airlines operated by Horizon Air||Lewiston, Portland (OR), Sacramento, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma||C|
|Allegiant Air||Las Vegas
|Delta Air Lines||Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City||B|
|Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines||Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City||B|
|Delta Connection operated by SkyWest Airlines||Salt Lake City||B|
|Southwest Airlines||Denver, Las Vegas, Oakland, Phoenix, Spokane||B|
|United Airlines||Chicago-O’Hare, Denver||B|
|United Express operated by SkyWest Airlines||Chicago-O’Hare, Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco||B|
|United Express operated by GoJet Airlines||Chicago-O’Hare||B|
Scheduled cargo airlines and destinations 
|Ameriflight||Portland (OR), Salt Lake City|
|FedEx Express||Casper, Memphis, Salt Lake City|
|UPS Airlines||Louisville, Salt Lake City|
|Western Air Express||Lewiston, Portland (OR), Salt Lake City, Spokane, Twin Falls|
|1||Denver, CO||191,000||Southwest, United|
|4||Salt Lake City, UT||151,000||Delta|
|5||Phoenix, AZ||117,000||Southwest, US Airways|
|6||Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN||88,000||Delta|
|7||San Francisco, CA||75,000||United|
|8||Las Vegas, NV||73,000||Southwest|
|10||Chicago, IL (O'Hare)||50,000||United|
Accidents and incidents 
- On December 9, 1996, Douglas C-47A N75142 of Emery Worldwide crashed on approach to Boise Airport killing both crew. The aircraft was on a cargo flight to Salt Lake City International Airport when the starboard engine caught fire shortly after take-off and the decision was made to return to Boise.
- On February 3, 2012, a Lancair IV-PT turboprop (N321LC) flown by Steve Appleton, CEO of Micron Technology, crashed shortly after take-off from runway 10R, killing the pilot. Appleton was attempting an emergency landing, and had aborted an earlier take-off attempt for unknown reasons.
See also 
- 2010 North American final rankings[dead link]
- FAA Airport Master Record for BOI ( PDF), effective 2008-04-10
- 404e – Boise Airport. Cityofboise.org (January 13, 2012).
- Boise Airport Data. Azworldairports.com.
- "FAQs". Boise Airport. City of Boise. 2005. Retrieved August 31, 2006.
- Boise Airport (2005). "Airport Administration". City of Boise. Retrieved August 31, 2006.
- "Gowen Field Air National Guard Base". GlobalSecurity.org. January 21, 2006. Retrieved August 31, 2006.
- "Beta Theta Pi". Gem of the Mountains. University of Idaho. 1928. p. 365. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- "Whence Came the Name . . . ?". Gowen Research Foundation Electronic Newsletter 1 (7). July 30 1998. Retrieved 2006-08-31.
- "Obituary: Lt. Paul Gowen (1909–1939)". rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- CSHQA Architecture, Engineering, Planning, Boise Idaho. Cshqa.com.
- "2004 Global Airport Satisfaction Index Study" (PDF). J.D. Power and Associates. December 6, 2004. Retrieved August 31, 2006.
- FAA and Airport Operations. Iflyboise.com.
- 124th Wing [124th WG]. Globalsecurity.org (December 31, 1952).
- WAE Route Map. Westernairexpress.com.
- RITA | BTS | Transtats. Transtats.bts.gov.
- "N75142 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- Steve Appleton, CEO of Micron, dies in airplane crash at Boise Airport, IdahoStatesman.com, February 3, 2012.
- Micron CEO Steve Appleton's final flight lasted 80 seconds, Idaho Statesman, February 4, 2012.
- Official website
- Gowen Field history Idaho National Guard human resources office
- Idaho Air National Guard history official site
- Gowen Field ANGB at GlobalSecurity.org
- (PDF), effective May 2, 2013
- FAA Terminal Procedures for BOI, effective May 2, 2013
- Resources for this airport: