Boise High School
|Boise High School|
|Main entrance in May 2007|
|1010 W. Washington St.
Boise, Idaho, 83702
|School district||Boise S.D. (#1) |
|Assistant principals||Anne Ross
|Color(s)||Red & White|
|Athletics||IHSAA Class 5A|
|Athletics conference||Southern Idaho (5A) (SIC)|
|Rivals||Borah, Capital, Timberline|
|Newspaper||Boise High Lights|
|Feeder schools||North Junior High
Hillside Junior High
|Elevation||2,700 ft (820 m) AMSL|
|Website||Boise High School|
Boise High School Campus
|Location||Washington St. between
9th and 11th Sts.,
|Area||6 acres (2.4 ha)|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival,
|MPS||Tourtellotte and Hummel Architecture TR|
|NRHP Reference #||82000180|
|Added to NRHP||November 17, 1982|
Boise High School is a public secondary school in Boise, Idaho, one of five traditional high schools within the city limits, four of which are in the Boise School District. A three-year comprehensive high school, Boise High is located on the outerlying edge of the city's downtown business core. The enrollment for the 2008–09 school year was approximately 1,466.
1882 to 1930
Before Boise High School, the Treasure Valley was serviced by Central High School. Opened in 1882, it cost $44,000 instead of the originally estimated sum of $25,000. Because of the cost and the fact that it was considered an overly large structure, the Central High School Board was criticized. Ironically, only a decade later 700 children overcrowded the school. Central High School was the only high school in the Idaho Territory. The high school students were placed in the top floor, while the primary, intermediate, and grammar pupils studied in the basement and the next two floors. The first graduating class of 1884 was composed of two students – Tom G. Hailey and Henry Johnson. The next year two female students and two male students graduated. In 1900, the number had expanded to 23 graduates. 
The new high school which replaced Central School was dubbed “Boise High School.” It was not the well-known white brick building present today. It was a traditional red brick, typical of the time period. The cornerstone was laid in 1902. A pageant with 1,200 students, as many adults, and three volleys from the cadet corps marked the joyous ceremony. Mayor Moses Alexander stated Boise High School was “where the rich and the poor meet on terms of equality” (qtd. in Worbois 4). 
The Red Brick building, however, was terribly constructed. It was not built by local architects. Instead, the school was built by a contractor from Kansas, William F. Schrage. Idaho architects John E. Tourtellotte and Charles F. Hummel (later designers of the Idaho state capitol), along with Idaho architects Charles W. Wayland and William S. Campbell  challenged Schrage and tried to raise a committee to prevent his plans. However, the committee approved Schrage’s blueprints for the school. Anthony Miranda, author of the Boise High School Archive Project, states that C.B. Little, later the Superintendent of Buildings and grounds, complained, “…the class rooms were not properly lighted…” and “…they used acme plaster for the basement floors instead of Portland cement. The basement floor went to pieces” (qtd. in Worbois 5). Miranda also records that a survey of schools taken in 1919 remarked about Boise High School’s ventilation: “At the high school one of the intakes is located in a hidden nook just above the level of the ground on the flat roof of the furnace room, a space which serves as a general catch-all for blowing dirt, trash, etc” (qtd. in Worbois 5, 6).
Not only was the building poorly constructed, but it soon became too small. The number of high school students expanded from 200 to 300 pupils within only 5 years after its construction. Tourtellotte and Hummel were chosen to build a new structure. Their grandiose blueprints included a capacity of 1,200 students. Even though red brick was popular for schools during the time period, Tourtellotte and Hummel decided to use white brick instead. Superintendent Meek, a progressive, and the School Board, also progressive, in 1908 stated their belief “in making the system and building so pleasing and inviting that children will desire to go to school and enter into their work and study with enthusiasm and delight” (qtd. in Worbois 7).
The Boise High building that stands today was constructed in three phases. The east wing was constructed in 1908. It housed classes for male students. The Idaho Statesman reported: “In one wing was to be located the manual training, agriculture and work of that character which is generally taken up by boys and in the opposite wing was to be located the domestic science and those portions of manual training that usually are taken up by girls. In addition to the above there are the regular study rooms and class rooms, laboratories, etc., connected the same” (qtd. in Worbois 8). The curriculum between 1904–1908, saw the addition of manual training for boys, and sewing, music and cooking for girls. The domestic science courses at the high school can be credited to Marguerite Nolan, wife of former Boise Mayor Herbert Lemp. During the years 1908-1915, the manual arts and home economics programs grew while stenography and typewriting programs were added. Another amenity offered was the first free night school for students who dropped out of high school. In the basement below the newly constructed wing was an underground gymnasium, where students played various sports such as basketball and even baseball. One of its purposes was to keep boys in school. The School Board believed that if boys were able to play sports, they were more likely to attend class. Despite the emphasis on boys' access to physical activity, Boise High's first girls basketball team, consisting of 7 members, was formed in 1907, even before the construction of the gymnasium.
The first Idaho radio station was broadcast from the east wing’s basement. Extra power was wired, a tower was added on the roof, and W7YA trained broadcasters. KFAU, the new set of call letters assigned to the station in 1923, was housed in the physics department in the basement. The station was changed to KIDO Radio in 1928 when Boise High sold it to investors.
The east wing also has a long history of ROTC Cadets. Englishman J.W. Daniels, the first district superintendent, ran Boise schools with military discipline. “Not only did students often find themselves drilling daily, but on Saturdays, the teachers were also put through a similar course of instruction” (qtd. in Worbois 20). Under J.W. Daniels, Central School’s military training began in 1900. Because the high school Cadets were denied federal funding for ROTC, they purchased their own uniforms and some equipment and convinced the NCO at the local barracks to train them. When the Red Brick Building was constructed, the Cadets had expanded from around 30-40 to 70 students. They disbanded during World War I, but in 1918 Boise High ROTC reorganized. In 1919, when Congress included funding for high school ROTC, the Boise High School Cadet Corps was officially established with a total of 60 boys under Lt. Col. John E. Wall. Cadets practiced with mere 22 caliber rifles. They used the east wing basement until the 1970s. To this day there are bullet holes in the basement because of the rifle range. These rooms were actually still used as classrooms and the Boise High School library until the 1990s tech building was constructed.
The west wing was added in 1912. With a domestic science division and a spacious cafeteria, this section was designed for Boise High School girls. Most schools at that time did not offer lunch. However, Boise High School served low cost lunches as a way to keep pupils in school. Food used in domestic science classes was served for lunch, which offset the costs of supplying food for cooking instruction. Well-planned (for the time period) ventilation and heating systems were installed so students could concentrate better. Large boilers heated the huge school. They produced dangerous high-pressure steam, so the heating plant was placed in a reinforced basement chamber between the Red Brick Building and the west wing, so it was separate from other structures. The smoke was said to be “entirely and absolutely consumed by the fire, which is a wise precaution…as the building now being constructed is in the residential section of the city and hence will not now become a nuisance to adjoining property owners” (qtd. in Worbois 11, 12), since the boilers were supplied by blower equipped hoppers which fed the fuel to the fire.
The Red Brick building was quickly degenerating. The School Board wanted to demolish it and replace it with a new central wing, but when space became scarce by the late 1910s, they decided to postpone the plan. Modern technology dictated more and different spaces for boys’ classes. Rather than learn how to blacksmith, boys needed to learn how to fix automobiles. Printing, woodworking, and construction now used different techniques which required larger classrooms.
The School Board agreed to build a separate building across 10th Street from the east wing. They initially called it the Manual Arts Building, but it opened in 1919 as the Industrial Arts Building, or the I.A. An Idaho Statesman article from 1921 boasted, “When finished, Boise will have one of the largest as well as the most completely equipped secondary schools in the northwest. Already the Industrial Arts building has made possible the addition of many vocational courses, ranging from printing to costume design, not usually found in the average high school” (qtd. in Worbois 13). For nearly half a century, most of the district's printing was completed at the Industrial Arts Building. The school's monthly magazine, The Boise High Courier, was published in 1900, and later became the school's yearbook. The school newspaper The Pepperbox was also a Boise High School publication during the early 20th century. Today, the Boise High School Newspaper is called Boise Highlights.
The Red Brick building was demolished during the summer of 1921. Small parts of the red brick were left, to be handled later during remodeling. The central wing replaced the dilapidated structure. According to Dean M. Worbois, author of Temple of Liberty: Boise High School Defines a Frontier Town, “The central wing of the new white brick building completed the architect’s concept of a grand, classical environment dedicated to learning. A massive stairway invites entry…A bust of Plato is surrounded, in Greek, with his Civic Virtues: Wisdom, Courage, Justice and Moderation.”
The auditorium was constructed to seat 1,800 students. Because it was so distant from the stage, the third balcony was dubbed “the nose bleed section,” and was relegated to the sophomores. Juniors used the first and second balconies, while seniors called the main floor. The auditorium was not just for school functions, but was an asset to the community as well. It has been used by local orchestras, Boise’s Music Week, and traveling stars, until the construction of Boise State University’s Morrison Center in 1984. The auditorium has been named the “Boise Opera House.” It has even showcased well-known musicians Duke Ellington and Bing Crosby.
|Historic Boise School District Curriculum
|Civics||History||Plane Geometry||Solid Geometry|
|Physical Geography||Zoology||Astronomy||American History|
|English Grammar or Latin||Botany or Caesar||English History or Cicero||Economics|
|Critical Literature or Virgil|
1930 to 1990
The 1930s and 1940s were difficult with the Great Depression placing economic strain on the country. Curriculum expanding stopped for an emphasis on maintaining programs and classes. During WWII, district students worked in civil defense activities, assisted the Red Cross and helped with war bond drives.
1936 brought a new gymnasium. During the 1920s, students had gathered together their own money to help fund the construction costs. The Works Progress Administration, initiated by Franklin D. Roosevelt, provided the labor. Total costs came to $122,118, with the materials paid for by the money raised by students, as well as district funds. Still standing today, this gymnasium replaced a small gym located in the basement of the east wing of the main building. Students welcomed the new facility, and the much higher ceilings no longer interfered with games.
In the mid-1950s, the school was one center of the Boise homosexuality scandal.
The 1950s and 1960s, however, brought renewed growth to Boise High. In 1957 an addition was made to the gym: a music building on the west side of the structure. The two residential blocks west of the main building were bought in 1960 and converted into a football, tennis and track field. This acquiring of land would later help preservationists and community leaders argue to keep the school at its location. It would also provide much needed room for the population boom of the future and provide space for basics like vehicle parking.
Beginning in 1969, some major remodeling went down. The formerly state-of-the-art heating systems were becoming outdated and needed replacement. Coal boilers became gas-powered. False, 8 foot ceilings were added to classrooms to hide the pipes and reduce heating costs. Wood paneling was added for a modern look. Rather than to change the windows to double or triple paned windows, insulated panels were added to reduce heating costs. Fluorescent lights were added as the primary source of light due to their efficiency in place of natural light. Also during these two decades, Boise began to see excessive growth in its high school class sizes. For several years, the four junior high schools included the tenth grade (sophomores). To alleviate the booming student body, two new high schools were built in the city: Borah High in the south opened in 1958 and Capital High School in the west in 1965.
1990 to present
During the late 1980s and early 1990s the enrollment crunch began to reappear despite the new schools. This began forcing some classes at Boise High to close, and also pushed the school to occupy a nearby office building for extra classrooms (called the PERSI Building), and to bring in a number of portable classrooms that were placed in a faculty parking lot adjacent to the school's track and field. The PERSI Building housed all art classes and some language classes during this period.
The district began to study the possibility of a replacement school and the debate would continue for years. With this idea came a lot of public concern from neighborhood owners fearful of losing their historic neighborhood, preservationists, students and parents. Research shows that "community anchors" such as Boise High School, if removed, can have detrimental impacts on students and communities. Forcing students to travel farther away would influence local property owners and families that purchase lowering property values in place of suburban development.
In addition to overcrowded classrooms, the building itself needed serious repairs. Emergency exits were fewer than required by local safety code. Although later found unsubstantiated, at the time it was believed ceiling cracks and falling plaster in the auditorium may have been an asbestos hazard. Electrical wiring was outdated and the building had no air conditioning.
Because of the increasing pressure to keep Boise High School where it was, a bond measure was proposed in 1993 to pay for the complete renovation of the school. Taxpayers defeated it. Two years later, while bundled with provisions to repair many existing schools, to convert one school to a new high school (Timberline), and to build two new junior high schools, the bond passed with 70%.
Razing three structures and vacating a city street started the project. Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility improvements were made. An art gallery was created and a complete auditorium restoration was done. The third floor was closed off and air conditioning was installed building wide. Many other improvements were made. The Frank Church Building of Technology, named after the senator 1942 Boise High graduate, was also completed. The main building still houses the humanities classes whereas this new building houses science, computer and math courses.
Over the summer of 2007, the third floor was renovated with the addition of 5 new classrooms and became available for the 2008-2009 school year.
Newsweek has ranked Boise High in every top national high school list created topping all other Idaho schools. Considered in the rankings were school advanced placement exam scores. In 2011, Boise High had 470 students who took 1213 exams, 84% of which received a grade of 3 or better. For the same year the school had ten National Merit finalists.
|Grade Point Averages|
|Newsweek National Rankings|
|Year||Boise Rank||Complete List|
|* No 2004 ranking performed|
In athletics, the Boise Braves compete in the Southern Idaho Conference (SIC) in Class 5A, the Idaho High School Activities Association's classification for the largest schools in the state. Sanctioned sports are volleyball, cross country, basketball, baseball, track & field, football, soccer, wrestling, softball, golf and tennis. Also, cheerleading, speech, music and dance are sanctioned activities.
For decades, varsity football games were played at Bronco Stadium at Boise State University. In 2012, football games for the city's high schools were moved several blocks northeast to the new Dona Larsen Park, the former site of East Junior High (1952–2009). Boise High played football at this site in the first half of the 20th century, when it was known as "Public School Field." The Braves' home venue for varsity baseball is at Fort Boise Park.
- Football (1): fall 1980  (official with introduction of playoffs, fall 1979)
- Cross Country (3): fall 1964, 2005, 2009  (introduced in 1964)
- Soccer (4): fall 2007, 2008, 2011, 2013 (introduced in 2000)
- Basketball (5): 1924, 1938, 1947, 1980, 1986 
- Wrestling (4): 1958, 1960, 1963, 1964  (introduced in 1958)
- Baseball (6): 1991, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2008 (records not kept by IHSAA, state tourney introduced in 1971)
- Track (12): 1923, 1926, 1929, 1931, 1935, 1936, 1953, 1954, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1996 
- Golf (5): 1958, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1991  (introduced in 1956)
- Tennis (4): 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012  (combined team until 2008)
- Cross Country (7): fall 1986, 1997, 1998, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011  (introduced in 1974)
- Soccer (6): fall 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2013  (introduced in 2000)
- Basketball (3): 1978, 2002, 2005  (introduced in 1976)
- Track (1): 1998  (introduced in 1971)
- Golf (2): 1987, 1998  (introduced in 1987)
- Tennis (2): 2009, 2013  (combined team until 2008)
- Tennis (5): 1966, 1969, 2003, 2004, 2005  (introduced in 1963, combined until 2008)
- Ultimate Frisbee: 2011, 2012, 2013 
Three orchestras are organized within the school. A student's grade level usually places them into two of the three (sophomores in the Sophomore Orchestra, and juniors and seniors in the Symphonic Orchestra), while audition performance is used to form the third orchestra, the Chamber Orchestra. Boise High's Chamber Orchestra has received various national strings awards and won multiple competitions at the national level, frequently receiving invitations to attend international music festivals and to perform at the National Music Educators Conference.
Clubs are an important aspect of Boise High life. Some clubs include the Spanish Club, Turncoat Society, and the quite popular Boise High Fight Club. Boise High has a proud club community, although the tumultuous relationship the administration has with the Fight Club has caused several rifts to form within the club structure.
Nearly four and a half city blocks constitute school grounds in an "L" shaped portion of property. The main building is contained within one block. The two blocks northwest house the football field and tennis courts. The Frank Church Building of Technology takes up nearly the entire block southeast of the main building. Southwest of the Frank Church Building of Technology is the gymnasium occupying half a block.
The neighborhood is mixed-use largely made up of residential and church buildings. Within two blocks are The First Church of Christ Scientist, originally established in 1898, The Capitol City Christian Church, built in 1887, The Cathedral of the Rockies, built in 1960, the First Baptist Church, St. John's Catholic Cathedral, built 1905–21, First Presbyterian Church, and St. Michael's Episcopal Cathedral, built in 1900. Also nearby is the Idaho State Capitol, a YMCA, and a former Carnegie library.
- Duane Beeson – decorated United States Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force flying ace and prisoner of war
- Hamer H. Budge – U.S. Congressman (1951–61), chairman of Securities and Exchange Commission (1969–71)
- Roger Burdick – Vice Chief Justice of the Idaho Supreme Court
- Frank Church – U.S. Senator (1957–81) and name given to the Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness
- William D. Eberle – Businessman, State Representative and U.S. Trade Ambassador
- Howard W. Hunter – President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
- Larry Jackson – MLB pitcher; St. Louis Cardinals, Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies
- Byron J. Johnson – Chief Justice of the Idaho Supreme Court
- Peter Johnson – Appointed by U.S. President Reagan to head the Bonneville Power Administration
- Wayne L. Kidwell – Justice of the Idaho Supreme Court
- Doug Martsch – Lead singer of Built to Spill gazine)|Life]], Psychology Today and Sports Afield magazines
- Jim Messina – White House Deputy Chief of Staff
- Tony Park – State Attorney General of Idaho
- Frank Shrontz – CEO of Boeing
- Carolyn Terteling-Payne – former Boise City Council member and Mayor of Boise
- Judy Lynn Voiten – Miss Idaho and recording singer
- Wayne Walker – All-Pro NFL linebacker, Detroit Lions
- "Boise Senior High School". Public School Review. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- "Boise Building Chronology". Idaho State Historical Society. Retrieved 2009-04-29.[dead link]
- "Boise High School's History". Boise School District. Archived from the original on 2007-12-11. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- "Boise High School Profile". Boise High School. Retrieved 2011-06-29.[dead link]
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Worbois, Dean (2004). Temple of Liberty: Boise High School Defines a Frontier Town. Caldwell, Idaho: The Caxton Printers, Ltd. ISBN 1583968938.
- "The Original Architects." Capitol of Light. Idaho Public Television, n.d. Web. 26 May 2013. <http://idahoptv.org/productions/specials/capitoloflight/architects.cfm>.
- French, Hiram T. History of Idaho: A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress, Its People and Its Principal Interests. Vol. II. Chicago and New York: Lewis, 1914. Google Books. Google. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://books.google.com/books?id=xYQUAAAAYAAJ>.
- "History of the Boise School District". Archived from the original on 2007-12-09. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- United States. Idaho State Historical Society. HISTORY OF IDAHO COMMERCIAL TELEVISION. Boise, ID: Idaho Sunday Statesman, 1966. Reference Ser. Idaho State Historical Society. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://www.history.idaho.gov/sites/default/files/uploads/reference-series/0673.pdf>.
- Virta, Alan. "Ellen Trueblood: A Biographical Sketch." Boise State University. Boise State University, n.d. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://library.boisestate.edu/special/FindingAids/fa94-bio.shtm>.
- "Boise Highlights." Boise Highlights. Boise Highlights, n.d. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://www.boisehighlights.com/about-us/>.
- Web, Anna. "150 Boise Icons: Boise High School." Idaho Statesman. Idaho Statesman, 15 May 2013. Web. 25 May 2013. <[dead link]>.
- "Northwest Magazine: Bricks & Mortar, Heart & Soul". Retrieved 2008-01-22.[dead link]
- "Top of the Class". Newsweek. Retrieved 2009-11-10.[dead link]
- "General Classification and Alignment". IHSAA. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
- "Sanctioned Sports". IHSAA. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
- "Top 50 Season Rankings". BCA/Baseball America. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
- "Prep football round-up: Idaho". Spokane Daily Chroncicle. November 22, 1980. p. 13.
- idhsaa.org - Idaho high school football - state champions
- "Boise defeats Boise 24-20 to win crown". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. November 12, 1964. p. 18.
- "Victory over Borah gave Boise Idaho grid poll championship". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. November 14, 1964. p. 2.
- idhsaa.org Cross Country champions through 2011
- idhsaa.org Soccer champions - through 2011
- idhsaa.org - Basketball champions - through 2012
- idhsaa.org - Wrestling champions - through 2012
- idhsaa.org - Track champions - through 2012
- idhsaa.org - Golf champions - through 2012
- idhsaa.org - Tennis champions - through 2012
- idhsaa.org - Girls Basketball champions - through 2012
- idhsaa.org - Girls Track champions - through 2012
- http://scores.usaultimate.org/scores/#youth-mixed/tournament/12322. Missing or empty
- "Northend Places of Worship". Northend.org. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
- "Take a candlelight tour of historic Downtown Boise churches". Idaho Statesman. Retrieved 2009-04-28.[dead link]
- "History of Boise's Library". Boise Public Library. Retrieved 2009-04-28.[dead link]
- "Idaho State Capitol". Northend.org. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
- "Downtown Family YMCA". YMCABoise.org. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
- "Hall of Fame". Boise High School. Retrieved 2011-07-23.[dead link]
- "Idaho Supreme Court Justice Roger S. Burdick". Idaho State Judiciary. Retrieved 2009-04-28.[dead link]
- "Frank Church Chronology". Boise State University. Retrieved 2009-04-27.[dead link]
- ""The Indies" with Doug Martsch of Built to Spill and Bill Plympton". The Sound of Young America. Retrieved 2009-04-27.[dead link]
- "Obama Hires Boise High Graduate as Chief of Staff". New West Boise. Retrieved 2009-11-24.
- "Tony Park, Esq.". ADR Systems. Retrieved 2009-04-28.[dead link]
- Official website
- Boise School District #1
- City of Boise – Historic Preservation
- Brave Parent Board – Boise Brave Boosters
- University of Idaho yearbook, 1933 – aerial photo of downtown Boise, early 1930s; Boise High School at upper left