Bolaamphiphiles (also known as bolaform surfactants, bolaphiles, or alpha-omega-type surfactants) are amphiphilic molecules that have hydrophilic groups at both ends of a sufficiently long hydrophobic hydrocarbon chain. Compared to single- headed amphiphiles, the introduction of a second head- group generally induces a higher solubility in water, an increase in the critical micelle concentration (cmc), and a decrease in aggregation number. The aggregate morphologies of bolaamphiphiles include spheres, cylinders, disks, and vesicles. Bolamphiphiles are also known to form helical structures, that can form microtubular self assemblies.
State of the art (circa 2009)
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Chen, Yuxia; Liu, Yan; Guo, Rong. Aggregation behavior of an amino acid-derived bolaamphiphile and a conventional surfactant mixed system. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science (2009), 336(2), 766-772. CODEN: JCISA5 ISSN:0021-9797. AN 2009:776584
Yin, Shouchun; Wang, Chao; Song, Bo; Chen, Senlin; Wang, Zhiqiang. Self-Organization of a Polymerizable Bolaamphiphile Bearing a Diacetylene Group and L-Aspartic Acid Group. Langmuir (2009), 25(16), 8968-8973. CODEN: LANGD5 ISSN:0743-7463. CAN 151:173915 AN 2009:383258
Wang, H.; Li, M.; Xu, Z.; Qiao, W.; Li, Z. Interfacial tension of unsymmetrical bolaamphiphile surfactant in surfactant/alkali/crude oil systems. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects (2008), 30(16), 1442-1450. CODEN: ESPACB ISSN:1556-7036. CAN 150:475745 AN 2008:763292
Chen, Senlin; Song, Bo; Wang, Zhiqiang; Zhang, Xi. Self-Organization of Bolaamphiphile Bearing Biphenyl Mesogen and Aspartic-Acid Headgroups. Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2008), 112(9), 3308-3313. CODEN: JPCCCK ISSN:1932-7447. CAN 148:372219 AN 2008:176360
- P/ Mosae Selvakumar et al, J. Mol. Struct. 919 (2009) 72-78
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