|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Bolesław Filipiak (September 1, 1901 – October 14, 1978) was a Polish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Dean of the Roman Rota from 1967 to 1976, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1976.
Bolesław Filipiak was born in Ośniszczewko (now in Inowrocław County), Province of Posen, German Empire the oldest of the seven children of Hilarego and Weronika (née Biegałów) Filipiak. He studied at the University of Poznań and the seminary in the same city before being ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Antoni Laubtiza on May 29, 1926. He following a period of pastoral work in Gniezno, Filipiak went to Rome to study at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum S. Apollinare and the Institute Utriusque Iuris (from where he obtained a doctorate in canon and civil law on April 13, 1935).
From 1935 to 1944, he served as private secretary to Cardinal August Hlond, the primatial Archbishop of Gniezno. Filipiak was jailed in Nazi prisons for a year and then made a member of the archdiocesan tribunal of Gniezno in 1945. He was then president of the tribunal of third instance for matrimonial causes reserved to the Holy See until 1947.
Within the Roman Curia, he was named Auditor (September 24, 1947) and later Dean of the Roman Rota (June 26, 1967). Filipiak was made an honorary canon of the cathedral chapter of Gniezno on October 15, 1947, and of Poznań on September 8, 1958. He also served as President of the Appellate Tribunal of Vatican City.
On May 1, 1976, Filipiak was appointed Titular Bishop of Plestia by Pope Paul VI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following May 14 from Cardinal Pericle Felici, with Archbishop Antoni Baraniak and Bishop Andrzej Deskur serving as co-consecrators, in the church of Sant'Anselmo all'Aventino. Pope Paul created him Cardinal Deacon of S. Giovanni Bosco in via Tuscolana in the consistory of May 24, 1976. Due to ill health, the Cardinal could not participate in the conclave of August 1978.
|Catholic Church titles|
|Dean of the Roman Rota