Boliburguesía

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Boliburguesía (English: Bolibourgeoisie, a portmanteau of the words Bolivarian and Bourgeoisie) is a term describing the new bourgeois created by the Venezuelan government of Hugo Chávez and Chavismo, made up of people who became rich under the Chavez administration.[1][2] The term was coined by journalist Juan Carlos Zapata, to "define the oligarchy that has developed under the protection of the Chavez government".[3]

Critics of the Bolivarian Revolution say that corruption among the Boliburguesía and Chavez-administration sympathizers has moved millions of dollars with the complicity of public officials, alleging that persons have gotten rich under the guise of socialism.[4][5] The general secretary of opposition party Acción Democrática says that corruption in the financial industry[5] and other sectors[6] was tied to functionaries of the administration.[5]

The Bolibourgeoise has been criticized for their eccentricities, buying luxury Hummers whilst supporting a revolution with a socialist society as its aim.[7]

The scandal known as the Maletinazo also generated criticism, in which the government of Hugo Chávez was alleged to be sending state oil money from PDVSA to finance the political campaign of now president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner of Argentina.[8]

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Spanish) Valery, Yolanda (2 December 2009). "Boliburguesía: nueva clase venezolana". BBC Mundo. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Romero, Simon (16 February 2010). "Purging Loyalists, Chávez Tightens His Inner Circle". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ (Spanish) "Auge y caída de un boliburgués". talcualdigital.com. 24 November 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2010. "La boliburguesía –un término acuñado por el periodista Juan Carlos Zapata para definir a la oligarquía que ha crecido bajo protección del gobierno chavista– consituye hoy una "nueva clase social" de empresarios y políticos que se han servido de la falta de control del Parlamento, Fiscalía y Contraloría, para enriquecerse y hacer toda suerte de negocios, algunas veces de dudosa solvencia moral" 
  4. ^ (Spanish) "Henry Ramos Allup: Corrupción millonaria de boliburguesía con la complicidad de funcionarios". informe21.com. 1 November 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c (Spanish) "Henry Ramos: Sin "bolifuncionarios" no habría "boliburguesía"". El Nacional. 30 November 2009. 
  6. ^ (Spanish) "Ramos Allup denunció a 11 empresarios pertenecientes "boliburguesía". Globovision. 30 November 2009. 
  7. ^ (Spanish) "'Llegó el Presidente y mandó a parar'". noticias24.com. 10 October 2007. 
  8. ^ http://www.reportero24.com/2010/10/otros-boliburgueses-caidos-en-desgracia/