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Bolitophilidae is a family of Diptera comprising only one genus, Bolitophila, with contains around 40 Palaearctic and about 20 Nearctic species, and 3 species from the Oriental region (Taiwan).The distribution of 
Schematic representation of the wing veins in the sub Bolitophila (above) and Cliopisa (below). Note the different termination of R 4 in the two subgenera.
Legenda: Pt: pterostigma; C: costa; Sc: subcosta; R: radio; M: media; Cu: cubitus; A: anal; h: humeral; r-m: radio-medial; m-cu: medio-cubital.
Conformation of the wing-veins in the subgenus Bolitophila.
The larvae of Bolitophila are mycetophagous and live in decaying wood or other organic debris overgrown by fungi plant substrates. Pupation takes place inside the fungal mycelium in soil or litter.Adults prefer shady and humid environments and can be found in the undergrowth of mixed forests, often near watercourses.
^Ševaík, J. & Papp, L. 2004. Bolitophilidae (Diptera) from Taiwan: a family new to the Oriental region. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 50: 55–62.
^Bechev, D. & Chandler, P. 2011. Catalogue of the Bolitophilidae and Diadocidiidae of the World (Insecta: Diptera). Zootaxa 2741: 38–58..
Amorim D. S. & Rindal E., 2007 Phylogeny of the Mycetophiliformia, with proposal of the subfamilies Heterotrichinae, Ohakuneinae, and Chiletrichinae for the Rangomaramidae (Diptera, Bibionomorpha). Zootaxa 1535: 1–92.
Søli, G.E.E., Vockeroth J.R., & Matile L. (2000) "Families of Sciaroidea." in Papp, L. & Darvas B. (eds) Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera (with Special Reference to Flies of Economic Importance). Budapest: Science Herald, pp.49-92.