|• Total||8.30 sq mi (21.50 km2)|
|• Land||8.28 sq mi (21.45 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)|
|Elevation||1,056 ft (322 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||10,389|
|• Density||1,247.0/sq mi (481.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||65613, 65727|
|GNIS feature ID||0714498|
The city was named for Bolivar, Tennessee, home to many of the original settlers, and like that city its name is pronounced to rhyme with Oliver. Bolivar is named after the South American historical figure, Simón Bolívar, who was nicknamed El Libertador (The Liberator).
Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios Ponte y Blanco (24 July 1783 – 17 December 1830), commonly known as Simón Bolívar (Spanish pronunciation: [siˈmom boˈliβar]), was a Venezuelan military and political leader. Bolívar played a key role in Hispanic America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire, and is today considered one of the most influential politicians in the history of the Americas.
Following the triumph over the Spanish Monarchy, Bolívar participated in the foundation of the first union of independent nations in Hispanic-America, a republic, which was named Gran Colombia, of which he was president from 1819 to 1830. Bolívar remains regarded in Hispanic-America as a hero, visionary, revolutionary, and liberator. During his lifetime, he led Venezuela, Colombia (including Panama at the time), Ecuador, Peru (together with Don José de San Martín), and Bolivia to independence, and helped lay the foundations for democratic ideology in much of Latin America.
Bolivar is located in Marion Township (T33N R23W). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.30 square miles (21.50 km2), of which, 8.28 square miles (21.45 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 10,325 people, 3,970 households, and 2,342 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,247.0 inhabitants per square mile (481.5 /km2). There were 4,432 housing units at an average density of 535.3 per square mile (206.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.8% White, 1.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.
There were 3,970 households of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.0% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92.
The median age in the city was 30.3 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 20.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 17.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.5% male and 53.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,143 people, 3,318 households, and 2,067 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,458.8 people per square mile (563.0/km²). There were 3,636 housing units at an average density of 580.1 per square mile (223.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.50% White, 0.86% African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.
There were 3,318 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 23.9% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 14.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 83.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,609, and the median income for a family was $35,716. Males had a median income of $25,731 versus $18,618 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,654. About 11.0% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
Bolivar is home of Southwest Baptist University. The local high school, Bolivar High School, calls its sports teams the Liberators.
- Bolivar Herald-Free Press - twice weekly
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Bottom Frame in About Bolivar!
- FAA Airport Master Record for M17 ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.
- City of Bolivar
- Bolivar Herald-Free Press, local newspaper
- Historic maps of Bolivar in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri