Bolivar, Tennessee

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Bolivar, Tennessee
City
Bolivar Town Square
Bolivar Town Square
Location in Hardeman County and the state of Tennessee.
Location in Hardeman County and the state of Tennessee.
Coordinates: 35°16′N 89°0′W / 35.267°N 89.000°W / 35.267; -89.000
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Hardeman
Area
 • Total 8.5 sq mi (22.0 km2)
 • Land 8.5 sq mi (22.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 446 ft (136 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,417
 • Density 684.4/sq mi (264.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 38008, 38074
Area code(s) 731
FIPS code 47-07180[1]
GNIS feature ID 1269372[2]

Bolivar is a city in Hardeman County, Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,417.[3] It is the county seat of Hardeman County.[4] The town was named for South American revolutionary leader Simón Bolívar.

Bolivar is served by William L. Whitehurst Field.

History[edit]

The first people to come to Hardeman County looking for permanent residence came in 1819-20. They came from middle Tennessee, Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Kentucky. The first town in Hardeman County was established in 1823 on the banks of the Big Hatchie, the Indian name for the river, and was called Hatchie Town. The new site, the county seat, bore the name Hatchie until by Act of the Tennessee State Legislature, on October 18, 1825, it was changed to Bolivar. Bolivar was named for Gen. Simon Bolivar, the South American patriot and liberator.

Hardeman County was officially organized on October 16, 1823, and was named for Thomas Jones Hardeman, a veteran of the War of 1812, who served as the first county court clerk and a commissioner for Bolivar before moving to Texas in 1835.

Geography[edit]

Maxwell's Big Star and theater

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22 km2), of which 8.5 square miles (22 km2) is land and 0.12% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 626
1860 1,213 93.8%
1870 889 −26.7%
1880 1,043 17.3%
1890 1,100 5.5%
1900 1,035 −5.9%
1910 1,070 3.4%
1920 1,031 −3.6%
1930 1,217 18.0%
1940 1,314 8.0%
1950 2,429 84.9%
1960 3,338 37.4%
1970 6,674 99.9%
1980 6,597 −1.2%
1990 5,969 −9.5%
2000 5,802 −2.8%
2010 5,417 −6.6%
Est. 2012 5,275 −2.6%
Sources:[5][6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 5,802 people, 2,161 households, and 1,462 families residing in the city. The population density was 684.4 people per square mile (264.2/km²). There were 2,352 housing units at an average density of 277.4 per square mile (107.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 42.33% White, 56.39% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population.

There were 2,161 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 24.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,651, and the median income for a family was $35,298. Males had a median income of $30,442 versus $21,544 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,973. About 19.5% of families and 23.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 28.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bolivar has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[7]

Climate data for Bolivar, Tennessee
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9
(49)
12
(53)
17
(62)
22
(72)
27
(80)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
29
(84)
23
(74)
16
(61)
11
(51)
21.8
(71.2)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(29)
−1
(31)
4
(40)
9
(48)
14
(57)
18
(65)
20
(68)
19
(67)
16
(60)
8
(47)
3
(38)
−1
(31)
8.9
(48.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 122
(4.8)
114
(4.5)
135
(5.3)
124
(4.9)
119
(4.7)
94
(3.7)
100
(4)
86
(3.4)
89
(3.5)
81
(3.2)
114
(4.5)
132
(5.2)
1,310
(51.7)
Source: Weatherbase [8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development, Certified Population of Tennessee Incorporated Municipalities and Counties, State of Tennessee official website, 14 July 2011. Retrieved: 6 December 2013.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  6. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Bolivar, Tennessee
  8. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on September 20, 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°15′48″N 89°00′20″W / 35.2633°N 89.0055°W / 35.2633; -89.0055