Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela
|Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela
Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela
Coat of Arms of the Navy
|Active||1811 – Present|
|Allegiance||President of Venezuela|
|Branch||National Armed Forces of Venezuela|
|Role||Defense of the country's coastline and maritime and inland waters|
4 amphibious ship
8 patrol boat
3 auxiliary ship
|Part of||Ministry of People's Power for Defense|
|Patron||Virgen del Valle|
|Motto||Navegare necesse, vivere non necesse (Latin: "Sailing is necessary, but living is not".)|
|March||Marcha Epica de las Fuerzas Navales
(Grand March of the National Navy)
|Anniversaries||July 24, Birthday of Simon Bolivar, Navy Day and Battle of Lake Maracaibo Anniversary|
|Engagements||Venezuelan War of Independence
Battle of Lake Maracaibo
|Minister of the People's Power for Defense of the Republic of Venezuela||Admiral In Chief Carmen Melendez|
|Operational Strategic Commander of the National Armed Forces||General-in-Chief Vladimir Padrino López|
|Commanding General, Venezuelan Navy||Admiral Jairo Avendaño Quintero|
|Inspector General, Venezuelan Navy||Vice Admiral Orlando Miguel Maneiro Gaspar|
|Chief of Naval Staff, Venezuelan Navy||Vice Admiral Jorge Martín Hernández Salazar|
|José Prudencio Padilla
|Naval Jack 1930–2006|
The navy of Venezuela is officially called the Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela (Spanish: Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela).
It serves the purpose of defending the naval sovereignty of the country, including inland and fluvial security, and it also serves to prevent illegal activities in the Venezuelan borders and collaborates with international organizations to safeguard international waters from criminal activities.
- 1 History
- 2 Organization of the Navy
- 3 Fleet Forces and Coast Guard ship organization
- 4 Current ships
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The Navy was born as a coastal defense force during the beginning of the Venezuelan War of Independence. In May of 1810, Commander Lino de Clemente, a veteran officer of the Spanish Navy who joined the April 1810 coup against the colonial government, was appointed the first Minister of Defense of the republic and began the long building of the armed forces inlcuding the formation of the navy. In April 1811 the Nautical School, with Ensign Vicente Parrado as its first superindentent, was opened by order of the national government in La Guaira to train future naval officers, months before the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, thus the Navy's origins start from this date, with its first vessels being those formerly used by the naval forces of the Captaincy General of Venezuela, and participated in its first actions in the campaigns in Guayana in 1811-12, the baptism of fire for the fledling naval service. Col. Antonio Mendoza from the Venezuelan Army was its first commanding general.
For long time their vessels, even if obsolete, were maintained properly by its sailors. In 1937 the Navy acquired from Italy two gunboats of the Azio class and rechristened them General Soublette and General Urdaneta; these ships where retained in service until 1951 (for other sources in 1948 or 1950) and scrapped later.
In September, 2008, the Russian Navy's nuclear-powered missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, accompanied by three other ships of Russia's Northern Fleet, sailed from its base in Severomorsk on a cruise to the Caribbean Sea for a joint exercise with the Venezuelan Navy. This action represented the first major Russian power projection in that region since the end of the Cold War. The fleet of ships, headed by the nuclear-powered Pyotr Velikiy, set off from its base at Severomorsk in the Arctic on Monday, September 22. Russian Navy spokesman Igor Dygalo told the AFP news agency, "It's the nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser Peter the Great, the anti-submarine warship Admiral Chebanenko and other accompanying ships". The other ships included a tug boat and supply ships.
As of 2014, Admiral Jairo Avendaño Quintero is the Commanding General of the National Navy.
Led by the Chief of Naval Operations, as of 2014 Vice Admiral Antonio Díaz Clemente, it supervises all 4 naval operating commands.This command is mandated towards the defense of the territorial maritime and inland waters and the coastline of the nation.
This command is the riverline and fluvial operations arm of the Navy mandated for riverline operations.
The command serves as the air arm of the Venezulean Navy.
There are eight Naval Air Statons:
- NAS Puerto Cabello (NAC HQ)
- NAS Punto Fijo
- NAS Maiquieta
- NAS Caracas (Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda Air Base)
- NAS Guiria
- NAS La Blanquilla
- NAS La Orchila
- NAS Puerto Ayacucho (General in Chief José Antonio Páez AFB)
Coast Guard Command
Fleet Forces and Coast Guard ship organization
|Mariscal Sucre||Italy||Missile frigate||3 serviceable (2 modernized in the 1990s + 1 as delivered), 3 mothballed[when?] at the DIANCA shipyard.|
|Guaiquerí||Spain||Patrol (POVZEE)||4|
|Guaicamacuto||Spain||Patrol coast guard (BVL)|
|Pagalo||Venezuela||Cutter||1 -- Commissioned in 2008.|
|Punta Brava||Spain||Survey ship||1|
|Puerto Cabello||Norway||Logistic ship||1|
|Ciudad Bolívar||South Korea||Small replenishment oiler||1|
|Bricbarc||Spain||Sail training ship||1|
|Type 209||Diesel-electric||S-31 Sábalo
|Mariscal Sucre-class||missile frigates||F-21 Mariscal Sucre
F-22 Almirante Brion
F-23 General Urdaneta
F-24 General Soublette
F-25 General Salom
F-26 Almirante García
|Guaiquerí class||Offshore Patrol Vessels||PC-21 Guaiquerí
|Patrol Vessels (13)|
|Guaicamacuto class||Coast patrol||GC-21 Guaicamacuto
|Point class||Patrol boat||PG-31 Petrel
|United States||60 tons|
|Constitución Class||Patrol boat||PC-11 Constitución
|Amphibious ship and service ships (7)|
|Capana-class LST||Landing Ship Tank||T-61 Capana
T-64 Los Llanos
|Los Frailes-class LST||Landing Ship Tank||T-90 Los Frailes
T-91 Los Testigos
|Ciudad Bolívar-class||Supply ship||T-81 Ciudad Bolívar||South Korea||?|
|Bricbarc type/Simón Bolívar||Training sailboat||BE-11 Simón Bolívar||Spain||?|
|Punta Brava Class||Oceanographic ship||BO-11 Punta Brava||Spain||?|
- F-21 Mariscal Sucre, into service 1980[dated info]
- F-22 Almirante Brion, into service 1981[dated info]
- F-23 General Urdaneta, into service 1981[dated info]
- F-24 General Soublette, into service 1981[dated info]
- F-25 General Salom, into service 1982[dated info]
- F-26 Almirante García, into service 1982[dated info]
- Four Spanish-made offshore patrol vessels of the Guaiquerí class.
Amphibious and service ships
- Four Capana-class LST.
- Four Cuban made Los Frailes-class multipurpose LSTs
- One Ciudad Bolívar-class supply ship.
- T-81 Ciudad Bolívar, in service since 09-23-2001
- One Bricbarc type/Simón Bolívar training sailboat.
- BE-11 Simón Bolívar, in service since 08-6-1980
- One oceanographic ship
- BO-11 "Punta Brava", in service since 03-24-1991
- Four Spanish-made offshore patrol vessels of the BVL class (on order).
- GC-21 Guaicamacuto, in service
- GC-22 Yavire, in service
- GC-23 Naiguata, in service
- GC-24 Tamanaco, completed in Venezuela 2014
Coast guard ships
- Four USCG Point-class patrol boats, as of 2006[update].
- 16 Gavion-class patrol boats.
- Damen Stan 2600 vessels, built in Venezuela, similar to the United States Coast Guard's Marine Protector class, as of 2008[update].
as of 2012[update]
|CASA C-212-200 Patrullero||Spain||Maritime Patrol aircraft||C-212-200S43 Patrullero||3|
|CASA C-212-400 Aviocar||Spain||Transport aircraft||C-212-400 Aviocar||4|
|Beechcraft Super King Air||USA||Transport/liaison aircraft||B200
|Turbo Commander||USA||Transport aircraft||1|
Note: The Navy has others two or three light aircraft.
as of 2012[update]
|Mil Mi-17||Russia||Assault/transport helicopter||Mi-17V-5||6|
|Bell 206||USA||Training light helicopter||TH-57A||2|
|Harbin Z-9||China||Anti-submarine warfare||8 on order||First delivery in 2015|
- Museo della Cantieristica.
- Warships 1900-1950
- Reuters: Russia says to send battleship to Caribbean Sea
- "Russian navy sails to Venezuela". BBC News. September 22, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006, ISBN 0-7106-2692-4 p.923
- cite web |url= http://www.hazegray.org/worldnav/americas/venez.htm/ |title=World Navies Today: Venezuela |date=2001-10-26 |accessdate=2014-03-09
- "El presidente Chávez abandera el primer buque de guerra construido en Venezuela" [President Chavez championed the first warship built in Venezuela]. Soitu (in Spanish). 2008-09-11.
- "Chávez abandera el primer buque patrullero fabricado en Venezuela" [Chavez is leading the first patrol vessel manufactured in Venezuela]. El Economista (in Spanish). Agence France-Presse. 2008-09-11.
-  Navantia entrega a la Armada venezolana el primer Patrullero Oceánico de Vigilancia
- "El patrullero oceánico Warao (PC-22) de la Armada de Venezuela será reparado en Brasil". infodefense.com (in Spanish). 9 January 2013.
- "El patrullero oceánico Warao de la Armada de Venezuela arriba a Río de Janeiro para su eventual reparación". infodefense.com (in Spanish). 7 March 2013.
- Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006, ISBN 0-7106-2692-4 p.925
- "Navantia Launches and Commissions Two OPVs to Venezuelan Navy".
- Mauricio Miranda (2008-02-26). "Analizan adquisición de un guardacostas en Venezuela" [Analyze acquisition of a cutter in Venezuela]. El Nuevo Diario. Retrieved 2012-02-02. mirror
- "Casi listo patrullero venezolano similar al ofertado a Nicaragua" [Almost ready like Venezuelan patrol offered to Nicaragua]. Nuestro Mar. 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2012-02-02. mirror
- World Air Forces 2013 - Flightglobal.com, pg 30, December 11, 2012
- [ http://dmilt.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7868:venezuela-navy-orders-chinese-z-9-asw-helicopters&catid=35:latin-america&Itemid=58 Venezuela; Navy orders Chinese Z-9 ASW helicopters] - Dmilt.com, 7 September 2013
- (Spanish) Sitio oficial del Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Defensa de Venezuela
- (Spanish) Sitio oficial de la Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela
- (Spanish) Sitio no oficial de la Fuerza Armada de Venezuela