Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela
|Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela
Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela
Coat of Arms of the Navy
|Active||1811 – Present|
|Branch||Navy of Venezuela|
4 amphibious ship
8 patrol boat
3 auxiliary ship
|Part of||Ministry of People's Power for Defense|
|Patron||Virgen del Valle|
|Motto||Navegare necesse, vivere non necesse (Latin: "Sailing is necessary, but living is not".)|
|March||Marcha Epica de las Fuerzas Navales
(Grand March of the National Navy)
|Engagements||Venezuelan War of Independence
Battle of Lake Maracaibo
|José Prudencio Padilla
|Naval Jack 1930–2006|
The navy of Venezuela is officially called the Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela (Spanish: Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela).
It serves the purpose of defending the naval sovereignty of the country, including inland, fluvial security, it also serves to prevent illegal activities in the Venezuelan borders and collaborates with international organizations to safeguard international waters from criminal activities.
- 1 History
- 2 Organization of the Navy
- 3 Fleet Forces and Coast Guard ship organization
- 4 References
- 5 External links
The Navy was born as a coastal defense force during the height of the Venezuelan War of Independence. In April 1811 the Nautical School was opened by order of the national government in La Guaira to train future naval officers, months before the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, thus the Navy's origins start from this date, with its first vessels being those formerly used by the naval forces of the Captaincy General of Venezuela.
For long time their vessels, even if obsolete, were maintained properly by its sailors. In 1937 the Navy acquired from Italy two gunboats of the Azio class and rechristened them General Soublette and General Urdaneta; these ships where retained in service until 1951 (for other sources in 1948 or 1950) and scrapped later.
In September, 2008, the Russian Navy's nuclear-powered missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, accompanied by three other ships of Russia's Northern Fleet, sailed from its base in Severomorsk on a cruise to the Caribbean Sea for a joint exercise with the Venezuelan Navy. This action represented the first major Russian power projection in that region since the end of the Cold War. The fleet of ships, headed by the nuclear-powered Pyotr Velikiy, set off from its base at Severomorsk in the Arctic on Monday, September 22. Russian Navy spokesman Igor Dygalo told the AFP news agency, "It's the nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser Peter the Great, the anti-submarine warship Admiral Chebanenko and other accompanying ships". The other ships included a tug boat and supply ships.
The Navy is led by the Commanding General of the Navy, by 2012 Admiral Diego Antonio Guerra Barreto.
Led by the Chief of Naval Operations, as of 2013 Vice Admiral Jesus Gerardo Ortega Hernández, it supervises all 4 naval operating commands.
Fleet Forces Command
- Frigates Squadron
- Submarine Squadron
- Patrol Squadron
- Service and Amphibious Squadron
This command is the riverline and fluvial operations arm of the Navy mandated for riverline operations.
The command serves as the air arm of the Venezulean Navy.
There are eight Naval Air Statons:
- NAS Puerto Cabello (NAC HQ)
- NAS Punto Fijo
- NAS Maiquieta
- NAS Caracas (Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda Air Base)
- NAS Guiria
- NAS La Blanquilla
- NAS La Orchila
- NAS Puerto Ayacucho (General in Chief José Antonio Páez AFB)
Coast Guard Command
Support and Shore Establishment Commands
The NSETC has eight component units tasked in the training of all officers and enlisted personnel:
- Venezuelan Naval Academy
- Naval War College
- Naval Tactical Scenarios School
- Center of Naval Administration
- Military Technical Academy - Naval Branch
- Naval Technical School
- Naval Recruit Training School
- Naval Police School
Fleet Forces and Coast Guard ship organization
|Mariscal Sucre||Italy||Missile frigate||3 serviceable (2 modernized in the 1990s + 1 as delivered), 3 mothballed at the DIANCA shipyard.|
|Guaicamacuto||Spain||Patrol coast guard (BVL)||3|
|Punta Brava||Spain||Survey ship||1|
|Puerto Cabello||Norway||Logistic ship||1|
|Ciudad Bolívar||South Korea||Small replenishment oiler||1|
|Bricbarc||Spain||Sail training ship||1|
- F-21 Mariscal Sucre, in service since 07-14-1980
- F-22 Almirante Brión, in service since 03-07-1981
- F-23 General Urdaneta, in service since 08-08-1981
- F-24 General Soublette, in service since 12-04-1981
- F-25 General Salóm, in service since 04-03-1982
- F-26 Almirante García, in service since 07-30-1982
- Four Spanish-made offshore patrol vessels of the Guaiquerí class.
Amphibious and service ships
- Four Capana-class LST.[full citation needed]
- Four Cuban made Los Frailes-class multipurpose LSTs
- T-90 "Los Frailes", in service
- T-91 "Los Testigos", in service
- T-92, in construction
- T-93. in construction
- One Ciudad Bolívar-class supply ship.
- T-81 Ciudad Bolívar, in service since 09-23-2001
- One Bricbarc type/Simón Bolívar training sailboat.
- BE-11 Simón Bolívar, in service since 08-6-1980
- One oceanographic ship
- BO-11 "Punta Brava", in service since 03-24-1991
- Four Spanish-made offshore patrol vessels of the BVL class (on order).
- GC-21 Guaicamacuto, in service
- GC-22 Yavire, in service
- GC-23 Naiguata, in service
- GC-24 Tamanaco
Coast guard ships
- Four USCG Point-class patrol boats, as of 2006[update].
- 16 Gavion-class patrol boats.
- Damen Stan 2600 vessels, built in Venezuela, similar to the United States Coast Guard's Marine Protector class, as of 2008[update].
as of 2012[update]
|CASA C-212-200 Patrullero||Spain||Maritime Patrol aircraft||C-212-200S43 Patrullero||3|
|CASA C-212-400 Aviocar||Spain||Transport aircraft||C-212-400 Aviocar||4|
|Beechcraft Super King Air||USA||Transport/liaison aircraft||B200
|Turbo Commander||USA||Transport aircraft||1|
Note: The Navy has others two or three light aircraft.
as of 2012[update]
|Mil Mi-17||Russia||Assault/transport helicopter||Mi-17V-5||6|
|Bell 206||USA||Training light helicopter||TH-57A||2|
|Harbin Z-9||China||Anti-submarine warfare||8 on order||First delivery in 2015|
- Museo della Cantieristica.
- Warships 1900-1950
- Reuters: Russia says to send battleship to Caribbean Sea
- "Russian navy sails to Venezuela". BBC News. September 22, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006, ISBN 0-7106-2692-4 p.923
- cite web |url= http://www.hazegray.org/worldnav/americas/venez.htm/
-  Navantia entrega a la Armada venezolana el primer Patrullero Oceánico de Vigilancia
- "El patrullero oceánico Warao (PC-22) de la Armada de Venezuela será reparado en Brasil". infodefense.com (in Spanish). 9 January 2013.
- "El patrullero oceánico Warao de la Armada de Venezuela arriba a Río de Janeiro para su eventual reparación". infodefense.com (in Spanish). 7 March 2013.
- Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006, ISBN 0-7106-2692-4 p.925
- "Navantia Launches and Commissions Two OPVs to Venezuelan Navy".
- Mauricio Miranda (2008-02-26). "Analizan adquisición de un guardacostas en Venezuela" [Analyze acquisition of a cutter in Venezuela]. El Nuevo Diario. Retrieved 2012-02-02. mirror
- "Casi listo patrullero venezolano similar al ofertado a Nicaragua" [Almost ready like Venezuelan patrol offered to Nicaragua]. Nuestro Mar. 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2012-02-02. mirror
- World Air Forces 2013 - Flightglobal.com, pg 30, December 11, 2012
- [ http://dmilt.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7868:venezuela-navy-orders-chinese-z-9-asw-helicopters&catid=35:latin-america&Itemid=58 Venezuela; Navy orders Chinese Z-9 ASW helicopters] - Dmilt.com, 7 September 2013
- (Spanish) Sitio oficial del Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Defensa de Venezuela
- (Spanish) Sitio oficial de la Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela
- (Spanish) Sitio no oficial de la Fuerza Armada de Venezuela