Bolivarian Games

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A statue of Simón Bolívar in Caracas, the inspiration for the Games.

The Bolivarian Games (Spanish: Juegos Bolivarianos, full name Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos) are a regional multi-sport event held in honor of Simón Bolívar, and organized by the Bolivarian Sports Organization (Organización Deportiva Bolivariana, ODEBO). The event is open to athletes from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela.

History[edit]

The first Games were held in 1938 in Bogotá, Colombia for the city's 400th anniversary. They have since been held irregularly, but every four years since 1973, with the last edition in Sucre, Bolivia in 2009. Inspired by the events of 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin,[1] Alberto Nariño Cheyne was the key designer of the idea of a Games to foster unity among the Bolivarian countries through the means of sport.[2]

Following the first Games, the Bolivarian Sports Organization was formed as a sub-organisation of the Pan American Sports Organization by six founding members from the respective countries – Jorge Rodríguez Hurtado (Bolivia), Alberto Nariño Cheyne (Colombia), Galo Plaza Lasso (Ecuador), Luis Saavedra (Panama), Alfredo Hohagen Diez Canseco (Peru) and Julio Bustamante (Venezuela).[1]

In terms of medals, Peru was dominant in the early years of the competition but Venezuela has consistently been the most successful country since the 1960s.

A detailed history of the early editions of the Bolivarian Games between 1938 and 1989 was published in a book written (in Spanish) by José Gamarra Zorrilla, former president of the Bolivian Olympic Committee, and first president (1976-1982) of ODESUR.[3]

Games[edit]

Year Games Host city Country Dates Nations Top medalling
nation
1938 I Bogotá  Colombia 6–22 August 6  Peru
1947-48 II Lima  Peru 25 December – 8 January 6  Peru
1951 III Caracas  Venezuela 5–21 December 6  Peru
1961 IV Barranquilla  Colombia 3–16 December 5  Venezuela
1965 V Quito and Guayaquil  Ecuador 20 November – 6 December 6  Venezuela
1970 VI Maracaibo  Venezuela 23 August – 6 September 6  Venezuela
1973 VII Panama City  Panama 17 February – 3 March 5  Venezuela
1977 VIII La Paz  Bolivia 15–29 October 6  Venezuela
1981 IX Barquisimeto  Venezuela 4–14 December 6  Venezuela
1985 X Cuenca, Ambato and Portoviejo  Ecuador 9–18 November 6  Venezuela
1989 XI Maracaibo  Venezuela 14–25 January 6  Venezuela
1993 XII Cochabamba and Santa Cruz  Bolivia 24 April – 2 May 6  Venezuela
1997 XIII Arequipa  Peru 17–26 October 6  Venezuela
2001 XIV Ambato  Ecuador 7–16 September 6  Venezuela
2005 XV Armenia and Pereira  Colombia 12–21 August 6  Venezuela
2009 XVI Sucre  Bolivia 15–26 November 6  Venezuela
2013 XVII Trujillo[4]  Peru 16–30 November 11  Colombia
2017 XVIII Santa Marta  Colombia TBD TBD TBD

Beach Games[edit]

Year Games Host city Country Dates Nations Top medalling
nation
2012 I Lima  Peru 1–11 November 10 Peru Peru
2014 II Huanchaco[5]  Peru TDB TDB TDB

Sports[edit]

The following table was compiled based on information extracted from a variety of sources.[3][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28] It should be considered as incomplete.

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

     Aquatics     Cycling     Football     Gymnastics     Roller sports     Volleyball

Sport (Discipline) Body 38 47 51 61 65 70 73 77 81 85 89 93 97 01 05 09 13
World South America
 
Diving Diving pictogram.svg FINA ASUA X X X X X X X X X X X X
Swimming Swimming pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg X
Water polo Water polo pictogram.svg X X X X X
 
Archery Archery pictogram.svg FITA AAF X X X
Athletics Athletics pictogram.svg IAAF CONSUDATLE X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton Badminton pictogram.svg BWF BPA X
Baseball Baseball pictogram.svg IBAF COPABE X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg FIBA FIBA Americas X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basque Pelota/
Pelota Nacional
Basque pelota pictogram.svg FIPV X X X
Billiards Cue sports pictogram.svg CMSB CPB X X X X X
Bodybuilding Bodybuilding pictogram.svg IFBB IFBBSud America X
Bola Criollas Bocce pictogram.svg FIB X
Bowling Bowling pictogram.svg FIQ PABCON X X X X X X X X X
Boxing Boxing pictogram.svg AIBA AMBC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Caballos amaestrados
(Dressage)
Dressage pictogram.svg X
Canoeing Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg ICF COPAC X X X
Chess Chess pictogram.svg FIDE CCA X X X X X X
Climbing Climbing.png IFSC X X
Coleo Equestrian pictogram.svg X
 
BMX racing Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg UCI COPACI X X
Mountain biking Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg X X
Road cycling Cycling (road) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Track cycling Cycling (track) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Equestrian Equestrian pictogram.svg FEI PAEC X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing Fencing pictogram.svg FIE CPE X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Football Football pictogram.svg FIFA CONMEBOL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Futsal Futsal pictogram.svg X
 
Golf Golf pictogram.svg IGF FSG X X X X
 
Artistic gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg FIG UPAG X X X X X X X X X X X X
Rhythmic gymnastics Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg X X X X
 
Judo Judo pictogram.svg IJF PJC X X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate Karate pictogram.svg WKF PKF X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg UIPM X
Racquetball Racquets pictogram.svg IRF PARC X X X X
 
Roller speed skating Speed rolling pictogram.jpg FIRS CPRS X
 
Rowing Rowing pictogram.svg FISA X X
Rugby IRB CONSUR X
Sailing Sailing pictogram.svg ISAF SASC X X X X X X
Shooting Shooting pictogram.svg ISSF CAT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Softball Softball pictogram.svg ISF CONPASA X X X X X X X
Squash Squash pictogram.svg WSF FPS X X X
Surfing Surfing pictogram.svg ISA APAS X X
Table tennis Table tennis pictogram.svg ITTF LATTU X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo Taekwondo pictogram.svg WTF PATU X X X X X X X
Tennis Tennis pictogram.svg ITF COSAT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon Triathlon pictogram.svg ITU PATCO X X X
 
Beach volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg FIVB CSV X X X
Volleyball Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Water skiing Water skiing pictogram.svg IWWF IWWF Pan Am X
Weightlifting Weightlifting pictogram.svg IWF PAWC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling Wrestling pictogram.svg FILA CPLA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Total sports[6] 16 15 16 12 20 17 16 16 19 18 19 18 21 30 28 30

All-time medal count[edit]

The total medal count for all the Games until 2005 is tabulated below. This table is sorted by the number of gold medals earned by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals.

Bolivarian Games Medal Count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Venezuela 1401 1055 807 3263
2  Colombia 877 911 757 2545
3  Peru 463 518 607 1588
4  Ecuador 255 438 685 1382
5  Panama 183 175 269 627
6  Bolivia 76 140 296 512
Total 3265 3237 3421 9923

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Creacion (Spanish). Juegos Bolivarianos. Retrieved on 2009-11-27.
  2. ^ Historia de los Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos. EABolivia (2009-11-13). Retrieved on 2009-11-27.
  3. ^ a b Gamarra Zorrilla, José, Bolivia Olímpica Capítulos VI al VIII (in Spanish), ANDES Academia del Conocimiento y el Desarrollo "Fernando Diez de Medina", retrieved June 28, 2012 
  4. ^ CPNRadio (December 23, 2010). Trujillo seriá la sede de los juegos Bolivarianos 2013 "Trujillo seriá la sede de los Juegos Bolivarianos 2013" (in Spanish). 
  5. ^ El Telégrafo (July 22, 2013). Huanchaco será sede de los II Juegos Bolivarianos de Playa "Huanchaco será sede de los II Juegos Bolivarianos de Playa" (in Spanish). 
  6. ^ a b JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS DESDE 1938 HASTA 2009 (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Peruano, retrieved June 28, 2012 
  7. ^ PARTICIPACION HISTORICA DEL PERU (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Peruano, retrieved June 28, 2012 
  8. ^ CUADRO DE MEDALLISTAS ECUATORIANOS EN LA HISTORIA DE LOS J. D. B. POR EDICIÓN (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, retrieved June 28, 2012 
  9. ^ XIX JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS "AMBATO 2001" - MEDALLISTAS DE ORO POR DEPORTE DE ECUADOR (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, retrieved June 28, 2012 
  10. ^ XV JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS "ARMENIA-PEREIRA-CARTAGENA-BOGOTA (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, retrieved June 28, 2012 
  11. ^ Quesada F., Estewil (April 24, 1993), Comienza el Ciclo Olímpico (in Spanish), El Tiempo, Bogotá, Colombia, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  12. ^ Comienza el Ciclo Olímpico (in Spanish), El Tiempo, Bogotá, Colombia, May 30, 2000, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  13. ^ AREQUIPA CAPITAL BOLIVARIANA (in Spanish), Explored, Quito, Ecuador, October 16, 1997, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  14. ^ HOY SE INAUGURAN LOS JUEGOS BOLIVARIANOS DE AMBATO (in Spanish), Explored, Quito, Ecuador, September 7, 2001, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  15. ^ Pierrend, José Luis; Cornejo, Alfonzo (September 3, 2005), Bolivarian Games: Soccer Tournaments, RSSSF -- The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  16. ^ HISTORIA DEL BOXEO EN COLOMBIA (in Spanish), boxeodecolombia, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  17. ^ Tiro Olímpico. Historial de Medallas (in Spanish), Federación Venezolana de Tiro, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  18. ^ Participantes en Ciclos Olímpicos (in Spanish), Federación Peruana de Lucha Amateur, September 21, 2010, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  19. ^ Se inician hoy los Juegos Bolivarianos (in Spanish), La Prensa, Panamá, September 7, 2001, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  20. ^ XIV Juegos Bolivarianos Ambato 2001 (in Spanish), Diario HOY, Quito, Ecuador, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  21. ^ XV Juegos Bolivarianos 2005 - Armenia - Pereira (in Spanish), retrieved June 30, 2012 
  22. ^ CARACAS EN RETROSPECTIVA - JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS 1951 (in Spanish), September 1, 2012, retrieved October 23, 2012 
  23. ^ ECUADOR SE CLASIFICO EN SEGUNDO TERMINO (in Spanish), El Tiempo, August 23, 1938, pp. 4, 7 (original page no.: 6,13), retrieved October 24, 2012 
  24. ^ RESULTADOS GENERALES DE LOS JUEGOS BOLIVARIANOS (in Spanish), El Tiempo, August 23, 1938, pp. 4, 5 (original page no.: 6,7), retrieved October 24, 2012 
  25. ^ Méndez, Jorge (December 29, 1947), La Ciudad de los Virreyes Está de Fiesta por los Juegos Bolivarianos - Sin complejos de inferioridad debemos ganar el béisbol - Un balance de las justas bolivarianos por Jorge Méndez, enviad especial de EL TIEMPO a Lima (in Spanish), El Tiempo, p. 7 (original page no.: 13), retrieved October 25, 2012 
  26. ^ El Atletismo Llega a su Etapa Final - Triunfos de Colombia en Natación , Tiro, Ajedrez, Billar - Panamá y el Perú Acaparon las Victorias en la Pruebas de la Jornada de Atletismo (in Spanish), El Tiempo, December 11, 1951, p. 6 (original page no.: 10), retrieved October 26, 2012 
  27. ^ COLOMBIA CAMPEON BOLIVARIANO DE FUTBOL - Bríllante Tríunfo de Forero en la Prueba de Fondo - Holder, de Panamá, Quebró los Records Bolivariano y Panamericano de pesas - Perú conquistó el pentathlon moderno - Lloreda ganó la prueba contra reloj - Exitos de Panamá y Venezuela en boxeo (in Spanish), El Tiempo, December 17, 1951, p. 10 (original page no.: 17), retrieved October 26, 2012 
  28. ^ Quesada, Estewil (January 15, 1989), En la Inauguración de los Bolivarianos - Folclor por encima de la fantasía (in Spanish), El Tiempo, retrieved January 18, 2013 

External links[edit]