Bolivian American

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bolivian American
Raquel Welch 2.jpg
Jaime Escalante.jpg
Cecilia Munoz.jpg
Juan Fernando Bastos1.jpg
Marco Etcheverry cropped.jpg
Slater8x10.jpg
Total population

103,296[1]
0.04% of the U.S. population (2012)[1]

Location of Bolivia
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic, minority Protestant

A Bolivian American (Spanish: bolivio-americanos, norteamericanos de origen boliviano or estadounidenses de origen boliviano) is an American of Bolivian descent.

Bolivian Americans are identified as Indigenous, European (mostly Spanish, German, or Croatian), Afro Bolivian, or a combination of any or all three races in varying degrees of admixture. Additionally, there are Bolivian Americans of Japanese descent, albeit, in small numbers.

Bolivians compose the third smallest Hispanic group in the United States, with a 2010 Census population of 99,210. The highest concentration resides in the Washington Metropolitan Area, which accounts for 38% of the total Bolivian population in the US. Additional areas of concentration include the New York City borough of Queens, Miami-Dade County, and the cities of Los Angeles and Providence, Rhode Island.

History[edit]

Bolivian immigration into the United States occurred in two significant phases. The first phase occurred during and subsequent to the 1952 National Revolution (between 1952 and the latter 1960s). Most of these immigrants consisted of middle- to upper-middle income occupational professionals or political dissidents, and identify with Bolivia's White or Criollo (descendants from Europeans born in Bolivia) society.

The second notable phase of Bolivian immigration (between 1980 and 1988) was a result of Bolivia's fiscal policies in the 1970s which gave way to the hyperinflation throughout most of the 1980s. Most of these immigrants consisted of lower-income Mestizo ( white European / native Indian mix) and Indigenous Bolivians obtaining work posts as service and manual laborers.

Many Bolivians who emigrated to the United States came as tourists. However, it remained indefinitely in the country, setting them to family and friends. This made it difficult to know the number of Bolivians living in the United States. Between 1984 and 1993, only 4,574 Bolivians got U.S. citizenship. In this period about 457 were naturalized each year.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Bolivians have settled throughout the United States, mainly in Washington D.C., Maryland, and Virginia; there are also large groups of Bolivian immigrants in Texas, New York City, New Jersey, South Florida, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Chicago and California. The number of Bolivians in the U.S. in 2006 was estimated at 82,322. Most Bolivian immigrants are high school or college graduates; many work in companies or in government.[2]

States[edit]

The 10 states with the largest population of Bolivians (Source: 2010 Census):

  1. Virginia - 31,333
  2. California - 13,351
  3. Florida - 10,938
  4. Maryland - 7,496
  5. New York - 7,122
  6. Texas - 4,913
  7. New Jersey - 3,361
  8. Illinois - 2,304
  9. Rhode Island - 1,912
  10. Massachusetts - 1,401

Areas[edit]

The largest populations of Bolivians are situated in the following areas (Source: Census 2010):

  1. Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV MSA - 37,607
  2. New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA MSA - 9,749
  3. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA MSA - 7,068
  4. Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL MSA - 6,697
  5. Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX MSA - 2,359
  6. Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI MSA - 2,099
  7. San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA - 2,078
  8. Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA MSA - 1,970
  9. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX MSA - 1,223
  10. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH MSA - 1,170
  11. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA MSA - 1,114
  12. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA MSA - 898
  13. San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA MSA and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA - 808
  14. Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL MSA - 744
  15. Baltimore-Towson, MD MSA - 710
  16. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA MSA - 647
  17. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA - 558
  18. Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD MSA - 524
  19. Salt Lake City, UT MSA - 519
  20. Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ MSA - 502

US communities with the largest populations of people of Bolivian ancestry[edit]

The top 25 US communities with the highest populations of Bolivians (Source: Census 2010)

  1. New York, NY - 4,488
  2. Arlington, VA - 4,225
  3. Annandale, VA - 2,740
  4. Los Angeles, CA - 2,561
  5. West Falls Church, VA - 2,226
  6. Alexandria, VA - 1,227
  7. Bailey's Crossroads, VA - 1,052
  8. Providence, RI - 1,046
  9. Lincolnia, VA - 1,003
  10. Houston, TX - 958
  11. Burke, VA - 936
  12. Springfield, VA - 855
  13. Centreville, VA - 818
  14. Miami, FL - 709
  15. Dale City, VA - 656
  16. Chicago, IL - 626
  17. Seven Corners, VA - 601
  18. Washington, DC - 591
  19. Germantown, MD - 545
  20. Aspen Hill, MD - 521
  21. Sterling, VA - 483
  22. Wheaton, MD - 476
  23. Lake Barcroft, VA - 472
  24. San Jose, CA - 459
  25. Rockville, MD - 446

US communities with high percentages of people of Bolivian ancestry[edit]

The 25 US communities with the highest percentages of Bolivians as a percent of total population (Source: Census 2010)

  1. West Falls Church, VA - 7.62%
  2. Annandale, VA - 6.68%
  3. Seven Corners, VA - 6.49%
  4. Lake Barcroft, VA - 4.94%
  5. North Springfield, VA - 4.87%
  6. Bailey's Crossroads, VA - 4.45%
  7. Lincolnia, VA - 4.39%
  8. Kings Park, VA - 3.95%
  9. Pimmit Hills, VA - 3.20%
  10. Springfield, VA - 2.80%
  11. Woodburn, VA[disambiguation needed] - 2.71%
  12. Burke, VA - 2.28%
  13. Ravensworth, VA - 2.11%
  14. Idylwood, VA - 2.09%
  15. Burke Centre, VA - 2.09%
  16. King Park West, VA - 2.05%
  17. Dulles Town Center, VA - 2.04%
  18. Merrifield, VA - 2.04%
  19. Arlington, VA - 2.03%
  20. Newington, VA - 2.01%
  21. Newington Forest, VA - 1.89%
  22. Fairfax, VA - 1.83%
  23. Sugarland Run, VA - 1.80%
  24. Sterling, VA - 1.74%
  25. Chantilly, VA - 1.72%

Bolivian Americans[edit]

References[edit]