Bolivian general election, 2009

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bolivian general election, 2009
Bolivia
2005 ←
December 6, 2009
→ 2014

  Morales 20060113 02.jpg
Nominee Evo Morales Manfred Reyes Villa Samuel Doria Medina
Party MAS-IPSP PPB-CN National Unity
Running mate Álvaro García Linera Leopoldo Fernández Carlos Fernando Dabdoub Arrien
Popular vote 2,917,665 1,210,721 257,341
Percentage 64.08 26.59 5.65

President before election

Evo Morales
MAS-IPSP

Elected President

Evo Morales
MAS-IPSP

The Bolivian general election, 2009 was held on December 6, 2009,[1] following a constitutional referendum held on 25 January 2009.[2] Voters elected:

The five departments which had not already done so all voted to have departmental autonomy. Eleven municipalities voted to have indigenous autonomy, out of twelve holding such referendums.[3] One province voted to have regional autonomy.

Presidential election[edit]

Under the new constitution all previous terms will not be considered for term limits and if any candidate fails to win over 50% of the vote and another candidate is within 10%, a second round will be held. It will be the first time that an incumbent President will run for reelection.

Candidates[edit]

The presidential candidates are:

Composition of the Bolivian Congress after the 2009 election:
  MAS
  PPB
  UN
  AS

Opinion polling[edit]

Polling prior to the election indicated that incumbent Evo Morales enjoyed a 55% approval rating, as well as an 18 point lead over his closest challenger Manfred Reyes Villa.[4] As Morales was expected to cruise to reelection, the local press is reporting that Villa has already purchased an airplane ticket to the United States for the 7th (the day after the election).[4]

Results[edit]

Election result by department:
  Departments where Morales won
  Departments where Reyes won

Evo Morales won a convincing victory, with 64.22% of the vote. His party, Movement for Socialism, also won a two-thirds majority in both the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.

Candidate Party Votes Percentage Deputies Senators
  Evo Morales Ayma Movement for Socialism 2.943.209 64,22 88 26
  Manfred Reyes Villa Plan Progress for Bolivia – National Convergence 1.212.795 26,46 37 10
  Samuel Doria Medina National Unity Front 258.971 5,65 3
  René Joaquino Carlos Social Alliance 106.027 2,31 2
  Ana María Flores Social Patriotic Unity Movement 23.257 0,51
  Román Loayza People 15.627 0,34
  Alejo Véliz Peoples for Liberty and Sovereignty 12.995 0,28
  Rime Choquehuanca Social Democratic Bolivia 9.905 0,22
  Valid votes 4.582.786 94,31
  Blank votes 156.290 3,22
  Null votes 120,364 2,48
  Total votes 4.859.440 100 130 36
Source: Comisión Nacional Electoral

Autonomy referendums[edit]

Departments[edit]

The five departments which had not already done so all voted to become autonomous departments. Each will have to produce a statute of autonomy. They were:

Regional autonomy[edit]

The Gran Chaco Province in Tarija held a referendum on regional autonomy, which was approved by 80.4% of voters.[6]

Municipalities[edit]

The following municipalities voted on whether to become autonomous municipalities according to the Indigenous Originary Campesino Autonomy provisions of the 2009 Constitution. Eleven voted yes:

One municipality voted no:

References[edit]

  1. ^ (German) "Bolivien: Einigung über Verfassungsreferendum". Die Presse (APA). 21 October 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2009. 
  2. ^ "Bolivia set for constitution vote". BBC News. 22 October 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Diego Andrés Chávez Rodríguez, "La Autonomía Indígena Originario Campesina: Entre la formalidad y la autodeterminación," Diálogos en Democracia, 21 March 2010 (Supplement to Pulso Bolivia).
  4. ^ a b "Morales keeps faith with populism ahead of Bolivia poll". FT. 5 Dec 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  5. ^ La Bolivia autonómica, Los Tiempos (Cochabamba), edición especial, 6 August 2010
  6. ^ Ministerio de Autonomías, "Región Autónoma Chaco Tarijeño."
  7. ^ "Las autonomías indígenas avanzan a paso lento per seguro, entre consensos e interrogantes" Diálogos en Democracia, 21 March 2010 (Supplement to Pulso Bolivia).