Bollingen Foundation

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For other uses, see Bollingen (disambiguation).

The Bollingen Foundation was an educational foundation set up along the lines of a university press in 1945. It was named for Bollingen Tower, Carl Jung's country home in Bollingen, Switzerland. Funding was provided by Paul Mellon and his wife Mary Conover Mellon. The Foundation became inactive in 1968.

Initially the foundation was dedicated to the dissemination of Jung's work, which was a particular interest of Mary Conover Mellon.[1][2] The Bollingen Series of books that it sponsored now includes more than 250 related volumes.[3] The Bollingen Foundation also awarded more than 300 fellowships.[4] These fellowships were an important, continuing source of funding for poets like Alexis Leger and Marianne Moore, scientists like Károly Kerényi and artists like Isamu Noguchi, among many others.[1] The Foundation also sponsored the A.W. Mellon Lectures at the National Gallery of Art.

In 1948, the foundation donated $10,000 to the Library of Congress to be used toward a $1,000 Bollingen Prize for the best poetry each year. The Library of Congress fellows, who in that year included T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden and Conrad Aiken, gave the 1949 prize to Ezra Pound for his 1948 Pisan Cantos.[5] Their choice was highly controversial, in particular because of Pound's fascist and anti-Semitic politics. Following the publication of two highly negative articles by Robert Hillyer in the Saturday Review of Literature, the United States Congress passed a resolution that effectively discontinued the involvement of the Library of Congress with the prize. The remaining funds were returned to the Foundation.[6] In 1950, the Bollingen Prize was continued under the auspices of the Yale University Library, which awarded the 1950 prize to Wallace Stevens.

In 1968, the Foundation became inactive. It was largely subsumed into the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, which continued funding of the Bollingen Prize. The Bollingen Series was given to Princeton University Press to carry on and complete. Over its lifetime, the Bollingen Foundation had expended about $20 million. Thomas Bender has written,[2]

When Paul Mellon decided in 1963 to dissolve the Bollingen Foundation, he said that the founding generation was reaching the age of retirement, and it would be hard for others to maintain the original mission and standards. What he might have said was that the Bollingen Foundation was the work of a single generation. For two decades its concerns had been at the center of Western intellectual life, but the 1960's saw a shift in the cultural preoccupations and critical concerns of intellect in the United States and Europe.

The Bollingen Series[edit]

A great many texts that were issued in the original Pantheon Books version of the Bollingen Series and in early editions by Princeton University Press are now out of print, and the Princeton Press site does not provide a comprehensive list, missing some of the key texts in the series and some of the grandest in vision, e.g. The Egyptian Religious Texts series. The list below is partial and contains only those currently listed on the Princeton site and some from LibraryThing.

Title Author(s) Translator(s) Editor(s) ISBN Year Bollingen Series No.
Where the Two Came to Their Father: A Navaho War Ceremonial Maud Oakes and Joseph Campbell 1949 1
The Devil's Share Denis de Rougemont Haakon Chevalier 2
Timaeus and the Critias Plato Thomas Taylor 3
Prehistoric Cave Paintings Max Raphael 4
The living symbol; a case study in the process of individuation Gerhard Adler 6 ?
Myths and Symbols of Indian Art and Civilization Heinrich Zimmer and Robert Zimmer Joseph Campbell 1946 6 ?
The King and the Corpse Heinrich Zimmer Joseph Campbell 1948 11
Hero with a Thousand Faces Joseph Campbell 17
Navaho Religion Gladys A. Reichard 1950 18
The I Ching or Book of Changes Richard Wilhelm 19
Essays on a Science of Mythology: The Myth of the Divine Child and the Mysteries of Eleusis C. G. Jung and Carl Kerényi 1949 22
Hugo von Hof-mannsthal: Selected Writings Hugo von Hof-mannsthal T. S. Eliot and Michael Hamburg 23
Philosophies of India Heinrich Zimmer Joseph Campbell 1951 26
Chapman's Homer: The Iliad Homer George Chapman A. Nicoll 41
The Myth of the Eternal Return: Cosmos and History Mircea Eliade W.R. Trask 1954 46
Change: Eight Lectures on the I Ching Hellmut Wilhelm 62
Eugene Onegin: A Novel in Verse: Commentary A.S. Pushkin Vladimir Nabokov 1964 72
Eugene Onegin: A Novel in Verse: Text A.S. Pushkin Vladimir Nabokov 1964 72
The Roots of Romanticism Isaiah Berlin H. Hardy
The Psychology of Art André Malraux 1950 24
The Eranos Papers, in six volumes Joseph Campbell 1954-1968 30
Annual A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - This is the only part of Bollingen Series

that continues to produce new volumes

35
Jewish Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period in thirteen volumes Erwin R. Goodenough 37
Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations in six volumes Alexandre Piankoff and Natacha Rambova 40
The Origins and History of Consciousness Erich Neumann (psychologist) R.F.C. Hull Joseph Campbell 1954 42
Collected Works of Paul Valéry in fifteen volumes Paul Valéry Jackson Mathews 45
The Great Mother Erich Neumann (psychologist) Joseph Campbell 1955 47
Yoga: Immortality and Freedom Mircea Eliade 1958 57
Samothrace (planned 14 vol, 11 when Bollingen Series closed in 2002) 1958-1998 60
Researches on the I Ching Julian K. Ščuckij William L.MacDonald 978-0691099392 1979 62.2
Zen and Japanese Culture D. T. Suzuki 1959 64
Archetypal Images in Greek Religion in five volumes Karl Kerényi Ralph Manheim 65
Collected Dialogues of Plato Plato Edith Hamilton 1961 71
Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy Mircea Eliade W.R. Trask 1964 76
Translation and Commentary of Dante's Divine Comedy in six volumes Dante Charles S. Singleton 1970, 1973 and 1975 80
Myth, Religion, and Mother Right: Selected Writings of Johann Jakob Bachofen Johann Jakob Bachofen R. Manheim 1967 84
Selected Works of Miguel de Unamuno in 7 volumes Miguel de Unamuno Anthony Kerrigan 85
Alone with the Alone / Creative Imagination in the Sufism of Ibn 'Arabi Henri Corbin R. Manheim 1977 92:1
Spiritual Body and Celestial Earth: From Mazdean Iran to Shi'ite Iran Henri. Corbin N. Pearson 1977 92:2
The Passion of Al-Hallaj in four volumes Louis Massignon 1982 98
The Psychology of Art: Abridged edition as The Voices of Silence André Malraux 1978
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Creative Intuition in Art and Poetry Jacques Maritain 1953
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - The Nude: A Study in Ideal Form Kenneth Clark 1956
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Art and Illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation E. H. Gombrich 1960
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Jacques Barzun Jacques Barzun
The Use and Abuse of Art Jacques Barzun
The Villa James S. Ackerman
The Voices of Silence: Man and his Art. (Abridged from The Psychology of Art) A. Malraux S. Gilbert
Understanding the I Ching: The Wilhelm Lectures on the Book of Changes Hellmut Wilhelm and Richard Wilhelm C.F. Baynes and I. Eber
Visionary and Dreamer David Cecil
Visions: Notes of the Seminar Given in 1930-1934 by C. G. Jung C. Douglas
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Isaiah Berlin Isaiah Berlin
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Jacob Bronowski Jacob Bronowski
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Arthur Danto Arthur Danto
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Jaroslav Pelikan Jaroslav Pelikan
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Nikolaus Pevsner Nikolaus Pevsner
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Vincent Scully Vincent Scully
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Stephen Spender Stephen Spender
The Mythic Image Joseph Campbell
The Notebooks of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 5: 1827-1834 S.T. Coleridge K. Coburn and A.J. Harding
The Nude: A Study of Ideal Art Kenneth Clark
The Portrait in the Renaissance John Pope-Hennessy
The Psychology of Kundalini Yoga: Notes of the Seminar Given in 1932 C. G. Jung Sonu Shamdasani
The Road of Life and Death: A Ritual Drama of the American Indians P. Radin
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Leo Steinberg Leo Steinberg
A.W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts - Richard Wollheim Richard Wollheim
European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages: (With a new epilogue by Peter Godman) E.R. Curtius W.R. Trask
From Drawing to Painting: Poussin, Watteau, Fragonard, David, and Ingres Pierre Rosenberg
Giorgio Vasari Thomas Sherrer, Ross Boase
Gold, Silver, and Bronze Jennifer Montagu
Hallaj: Mystic and Martyr L. Massignon H. Mason H. Mason
Horace Walpole Wilmarth Sheldon Lewis
Imago Dei: The Byzantine Apologia for Icons Jaroslav Pelikan
Introduction to Jungian Psychology: Notes of the Seminar on Analytical Psychology Given in 1925 C. G. Jung R.F.C. Hull William McGuire[disambiguation needed]
Jung contra Freud: The 1912 New York Lectures on the Theory of Psychoanalysis (Philemon Foundation) C. G. Jung R.F.C. Hull
Jung's Seminar on Nietzsche's Zarathustra: (Abridged edition) C. G. Jung J.L. Jarrett
Kings & Connoisseurs Jonathan Brown
Literary Language and Its Public in Late Latin Antiquity and in the Middle Ages E. Auerbach R. Manheim
Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time F. Babinger
Mnemosyne Mario Praz
Monsieur Teste Paul Valéry
Mudra: A Study of Symbolic Gestures in Japanese Buddhist Sculpture E. D. Saunders
Nicolas Poussin Anthony Blunt
Of Divers Arts Naum Gabo
On Quality in Art Jakob Rosenberg
On the Laws of the Poetic Art Anthony Hecht
Only Connect-- John Shearman
Painting and Reality Etienne Gilson
Painting as an Art Richard Wollheim
Paracelsus: Selected Writings Paracelsus N. Guterman Jolande Jacobi
Paths to the Absolute: Mondrian, Malevich, Kandinsky, Pollock, Newman, Rothko, and Still. John Golding
Pictures of Nothing: Abstract Art since Pollock Kirk Varnedoe
Prometheus: Archetypal Image of Human Existence Carl Kerényi R. Manheim
Psyche and Symbol: A Selection from the Writings of C. G. Jung C. G. Jung R.F.C. Hull V.S. de Laszlo
Psychic Energy: Its Source and Its Transformation M.E. Harding C. G. Jung
Sound and Symbol, Volume 1: Music and the External World V. Zuckerkandl W.R. Trask
Ten Thousand Things: Module and Mass Production in Chinese Art Lothar Ledderose
The Art of Sculpture Sir Herbert Edward Read
The Basic Writings of C. G. Jung C. G. Jung
The Basic Writings of C. G. Jung: (Revised R.F.C. Hull translation) C. G. Jung R.F.C. Hull V.S. de Laszlo
The Beginnings of Architecture S. Giedion
The Beginnings of Art S. Giedion
The Collected Dialogues of Plato Plato L. Cooper E. Hamilton and H. Cairns
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 1. Psychiatric Studies C. G. Jung 1957
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 2. Experimental Researches C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 3. The Psychogenesis of Mental Disease C. G. Jung 1960
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 4. Freud and Psychoanalysis C. G. Jung 1961
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 5. Symbols of Transformation (1956, a revision of Psychology of the Unconscious C. G. Jung 1912
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 6. Psychological Types C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 7. Two Essays on Analytical Psychology C. G. Jung 1953
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 8. The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 9i. Part 1 - The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 9ii. Part 2 - Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self C. G. Jung 1959
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 10. Civilization in Transition C. G. Jung 1964
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 11. Psychology and Religion: West and East C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 12. Psychology and Alchemy C. G. Jung 1953
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 13. Alchemical Studies C. G. Jung 1967
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 14. Mysterium Coniunctionis: An Inquiry Into the Separation and Synthesis of Psychic Opposites in Alchemy C. G. Jung 1963
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 15. The Spirit in Man, Art, and Literature C. G. Jung 1966
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 16. The Practice of Psychotherapy C. G. Jung 1954
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 17. The Development of Personality C. G. Jung 1954
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 18. The Symbolic Life. Miscellaneous Writings C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 19. General Bibliography C. G. Jung Lisa Ress
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 20. General Index C. G. Jung Barbara Forryan and Janet M. Glover
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Supplementary Volume A - The Zofingia Lectures C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Seminars - Analytical Psychology: Notes of the Seminars Given in 1925 C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Seminars - Dream Analysis: Notes of the Seminars Given in 1928-30 C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Seminars - Visions: Notes on the Seminars Given in 1930-34 C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Seminars - Nietzsche's Zarathustra: Notes of the Seminars Given in 1934-39: Vol 1 C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Seminars - Nietzsche's Zarathustra: Notes of the Seminars Given in 1934-39: Vol 2 C. G. Jung
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 1 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 2 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 3 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 4 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 5 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 6 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 7 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 8: Lectures 1818-1819: On the History of Philosophy Samuel Taylor Coleridge J.R.D.J. Jackson
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 9 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 10 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 11 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 12: Marginalia: Part 5. Sherlock to Unidentified. Samuel Taylor Coleridge H.J. Jackson and G. Whalley, eds.
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 13 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 14 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 15: Opus Maximum. S.T. Coleridge Samuel Taylor Coleridge T. McFarland
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 16 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 17 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Volume 18 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Diffusion of Classical Art in Antiquity John Boardman
The Door in the Sky: Coomaraswamy on Myth and Meaning A.K. Coomaraswamy R.P. Coomaraswamy
The Eternal Present S. Giedion
The Sack of Rome, 1527 André Chastel
The Survival of the Pagan Gods: The Mythological Tradition and Its Place in Renaissance Humanism and Art J. Seznec B.F. Sessions
The Fear of the Feminine: And Other Essays on Feminine Psychology Erich Neumann
C. G. Jung Letters, Volume 1 C. G. Jung Gerhard Adler and Aniela Jaffé R.F.C. Hull
C. G. Jung Letters, Volume 2: 1951-1961 C. G. Jung Gerhard Adler J. Hulen
C. G. Jung Speaking: Interviews and Encounters C. G. Jung R.F.C. Hull
C. G. Jung: Psychological Reflections. A New Anthology of His Writings, 1905-1961 C. G. Jung Jolande Jacobi Jolande Jacobi and R.F.C. Hull
Jacob Neusner 1989
Cézanne and America John Rewald
The Freud/Jung Letters: The Correspondence between Sigmund Freud and C. G. Jung. (Abridged edition) S. Freud and C. G. Jung R.F.C. Hull and R. Manheim W. McGuire
The Freud/Jung Letters: The Correspondence between Sigmund Freud and C. G. Jung S. Freud and C. G. Jung W. McGuire
The Gothic Cathedral: Origins of Gothic Architecture and the Medieval Concept of Order. Expanded Edition O.G. Von Simson
The Hieroglyphics of Horapollo H. Niliacus G. Boas
The I and the Not-I: A Study in the Development of Consciousness M.E. Harding
The I Ching or Book of Changes C.F. Baynes H. Wilhelm
The Mediation of Ornament Oleg Grabar
After the End of Art: Contemporary Art and the Pale of History Arthur C. Danto
Blake and Antiquity Kathleen Raine
Blake and Tradition Kathleen Raine
Chapman's Homer: The Odyssey Homer George Chapman A. Nicoll
Chapman's Homeric Hymns and Other Homerica Homer George Chapman
Christian Iconography Andre Grabar
Complete Works of Aristotle, Volume 1: The Revised Oxford Translation Aristotle Jonathan Barnes
Complete Works of Aristotle, Volume 2: The Revised Oxford Translation Aristotle Jonathan Barnes
Complex/Archetype/Symbol in the Psychology of C. G. Jung Jolande Jacobi, R. Manheim
Creative Intuition in Art and Poetry Jacques Maritain
Dionysos: Archetypal Image of Indestructible Life Carl Kerényi R. Manheim
Eleusis: Archetypal Image of Mother and Daughter Carl Kerényi R. Manheim
Art and Illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation Ernst Gombrich
A History of Building Types Nikolaus Pevsner
Bollingen: An Adventure in Collecting the Past William McGuire[disambiguation needed]
The Mustard Seed Garden Manual of Painting: A Facsimile of the 1887-1888 Shanghai Edition M.J. Hiscox M. Sze M. Sze
Sabbatai Sevi: The Mystical Messiah, 1626-1676 Gershom Gerhard Scholem R. J. Zwi Werblowsky 0691099162 1973 93
The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History Ibn Khaldûn F. Rosenthal N.J. Dawood 1958 and 1967
The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History. (Abridged Edition) Ibn Khaldûn F. Rosenthal N.J. Dawood 1958 and 1967

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McGuire, William (1982). Bollingen: An Adventure in Collecting the Past (Princeton University Press:Bollingen Series, New Jersey).
  2. ^ a b Bender, Thomas (1982). "With Love and Money," review of Bollingen: An Adventure in Collecting the Past in The New York Times November 14, 1982. Online version retrieved November 10, 2007.
  3. ^ "Bollingen Series (General)," webpage maintained by Princeton University Press. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  4. ^ McGuire, pp. 311-328. McGuire gives a complete, alphabetical list of the Fellows including the year of the Fellowship and a condensed description of the project.
  5. ^ "The Bollingen Prize for Poetry at Yale," webpage maintained by Yale University. Retrieved Nov. 9, 2007.
  6. ^ McGuire, William (1988). "Ezra Pound and Bollingen Prize controversy," in Poetry's Catbird Seat (the consultantship in poetry in the English language at the Library of Congress, 1937-1987) (Library of Congress, Washington, D. C.). ISBN 0-8444-0586-8 . Online version retrieved November 10, 2007.

External links[edit]