Bolshoy Kamen

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Bolshoy Kamen (English)
Большой Камень (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Bolshoy Kamen view 1.JPG
View of the town in February 2012
Bolshoy Kamen is located in Primorsky Krai
Bolshoy Kamen
Bolshoy Kamen
Location of Bolshoy Kamen in Primorsky Krai
Coordinates: 43°07′N 132°22′E / 43.117°N 132.367°E / 43.117; 132.367Coordinates: 43°07′N 132°22′E / 43.117°N 132.367°E / 43.117; 132.367
Bolshoj Kamen coat of arms.png
Flag of Bolshoy Kamen (Primorsky kray).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of November 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Primorsky Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to Bolshoy Kamen Town Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Bolshoy Kamen Town Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2011)
Urban okrug Bolshoy Kamen Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Bolshoy Kamen Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Vladimir Khalyavko[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 39,257 inhabitants[3]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+11:00)[4]
Founded 1947[citation needed]
Town status since 1989[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 69280x
Dialing code(s) +7 42335[citation needed]
Official website
Bolshoy Kamen on WikiCommons

Bolshoy Kamen (Russian: Большой Камень; IPA: [bɐlʲˈʂoj ˈkamʲɪnʲ], lit. large stone) is a closed town in the south of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located on the opposite side of the Ussuri Bay as seen from Lazurnaya Bay. The town is closed due to its naval base and the Zvezda shipyard. Population: 39,257 (2010 Census);[3] 38,394 (2002 Census);[6] 65,621 (1989 Census).[7]

Name[edit]

The name is literally translated as "large (or big) stone". The town is nicknamed "Bigston" (Бигстон) by some locals.

History[edit]

Bolshoy Kamen began as a naval support base in 1947 and was granted urban-type settlement status in 1956, followed by town status on August 31, 1989.[citation needed] During the Soviet era, the town's nature as a naval base saw it designated as closed. This status was revoked in 1989, with plans for a civilian harbor in the town; however, these plans were later cancelled and the town was closed again in 1996.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated as Bolshoy Kamen Town Under Krai Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Bolshoy Kamen Town Under Krai Jurisdiction is incorporated as Bolshoy Kamen Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Bolshoy Kamen is a monotown mostly specialized in engineering. Shipbuilding and repair works together with food industry and construction constitutes the basis of its economy. A large proportion of the town's population left during the 1990s, as the ship repair facilities operated almost at a standstill after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Most of the town's population is employed in the repair and construction of nuclear submarines. There are three banks and seven joint-venture companies, specializing in ships, shipping, and sea-fishing.

The town is connected with Vladivostok by road and by railway and is connected by a goods rail line to the Trans-Siberian Railway. Although the town is only around 40 kilometers (25 mi) in a straight line to Vladivostok, the road connection is about 130 kilometers (81 mi) around the coast.

There are plans to expand and redevelop the Zvezda shipyard.[8]

Climate[edit]

The mean temperature in January is −14 °C (7 °F), and +24 °C (75 °F) in July. The mean precipitation is 900 millimeters (35 in).

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #161-KZ
  2. ^ a b c Decision #313-R
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Russian energy majors could take over shipyard project". The Motorship. 33 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №161-КЗ от 14 ноября 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края», в ред. Закона №331-КЗ от 19 декабря 2013 г. «Об изменении категории посёлка городского типа Горный, о преобразовании Горненского городского поселения, входящего в состав Кировского муниципального района Приморского края, и внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красное знамя Приморья", №69 (119), 29 ноября 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #161-KZ of November 14, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai, as amended by the Law #331-KZ of December 19, 2013 On Changing the Category of the Urban-Type Settlement of Gorny, on the Transformation of Gornenskoye Urban Settlement Within Kirovsky Municipal District of Primorsky Krai, and on Amending Several Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Дума ЗАТО город Большой Камень. Решение №313-Р от 14 июня 2005 г. «Устав городского округа закрытое административно-территориальное образования Большой Камень», в ред. Решения №187 от 7 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав городского округа закрытое административно-территориальное образование Большой Камень». Опубликован: "ЗАТО", №28 (398), 14 июня 2005 г. (Duma of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formation of Bolshoy Kamen. Decision #313-R of June 14, 2005 Charter of the Urban Okrug of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formation of Bolshoy Kamen, as amended by the Decision #187 of July 7, 2013 On Amending the Charter of the Urban Okrug of the Closed Administrative-Territorial Formation of Bolshoy Kamen. ).