Bolsover (UK Parliament constituency)

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Bolsover
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bolsover in Derbyshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Derbyshire within England.
County Derbyshire
Electorate 72,162 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Bolsover, Shirebrook
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Dennis Skinner (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Clay Cross and North East Derbyshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Bolsover /ˈbɒlsˌɒvər/, /ˈbɒlzˌɒvər/ and commonly /bzər/ is a county constituency in Derbyshire represented in the House of Commons of the U.K. Parliament. The constituency was first contested in 1950 and is focused on the town east of the M1 motorway of Bolsover.[n 1]

History[edit]

Before the Reform Act 1832 relatively wealthy (forty shilling freeholders) of the whole county could attend elections when there was an opposition candidate. From 1868 until 1885 East Derbyshire served the area by gaining the area from North Derbyshire formed in 1832. The constituency was created in 1950 from parts of the constituencies of 1885-formed North East Derbyshire and 1918-formed Clay Cross.

Boundaries[edit]

The pre-2010 boundaries of Bolsover

1950-1983: The urban district of Bolsover; and the rural districts of Blackwell and Clowne.

1983-2010: The District of Bolsover; and the District of North East Derbyshire wards of Morton, Pilsley, Shirland, and Sutton.

2010-present: The District of Bolsover; and the District of North East Derbyshire wards of Holmewood and Heath, Pilsley and Morton, Shirland, and Sutton.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat includes many former mining communities and has in elections to date been a Labour Party stronghold although Skinner's share of the popular vote has "dropped" to a bare (50%) plurality in the 2010 election (from a high of 74%) - see below. Its economy has faced struggles following the last closures in the early 1990s of the coal pits upon which the area thrived for many years, facing from the 1970s increased competition to compete with international prices and a need for government subsidy as achieved in Eastern Europe, albeit on lower wages, which ceased under Margaret Thatcher. Bolsover's tourism industry has emerged in the area in recent years, including accommodation and tours involving Bolsover Castle, owned by English Heritage, and Hardwick Hall, home of Bess of Hardwick. Since 1970 it has been held by Dennis Skinner, a former miner whose fast wit and often abrasive manner in the House of Commons has led to him being dubbed "The Beast of Bolsover".

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1950 Harold Neal[3] Labour
1970 Dennis Skinner[4] Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner
UKIP Ray Calladine [5]
Conservative Peter Bedford [6]
General Election 2010: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 21,994 50.0 −15.2
Conservative Lee Rowley 10,812 24.6 +7.3
Liberal Democrat Denise Hawksworth 6,821 15.5 −2.0
BNP Martin Radford 2,640 6.0 +6.0
UKIP Ray Calladine 1,721 3.9 +3.9
Majority 11,182 25.4
Turnout 43,988 60.5 +4.3
Labour hold Swing −11.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 25,217 65.2 −3.4
Liberal Democrat Denise Hawksworth 6,780 17.5 +5.6
Conservative Hasan Imam 6,702 17.3 −2.2
Majority 18,437 47.6
Turnout 38,699 57.3 −2.2
Labour hold Swing −4.5
General Election 2001: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 26,249 68.6 −5.4
Conservative Simon Massey 7,472 19.5 +2.8
Liberal Democrat Marie Bradley 4,550 11.9 +2.6
Majority 18,777 49.1
Turnout 38,271 56.5 −14.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Bolsover[7][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 35,073 74.0 +9.5
Conservative Richard Harwood 7,924 16.7 −8.6
Liberal Democrat Ian Cox 4,417 9.3 −0.9
Majority 27,149 57.3 +18.1
Turnout 52,669 71.3
Labour hold Swing +9.1
General Election 1992: Bolsover[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 33,978 64.5 +8.3
Conservative Timothy D.R. James 13,323 25.3 −3.0
Liberal Democrat Mrs Susan P. Barber 5,368 10.2 −5.3
Majority 20,655 39.2 +11.3
Turnout 52,669 79.1 +1.8
Labour hold Swing +5.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 28,453 56.21
Conservative M.R. Lingens 14,333 28.31
Social Democratic M.H. Fowler 7,836 15.48
Majority 14,120 27.89
Turnout 77.34
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 26,514 56.33
Conservative S. Roberts 12,666 26.91
Social Democratic S. Reddish 7,886 16.76
Majority 13,848 29.42
Turnout 72.67
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 27,495 66.58
Conservative A. Favell 10,116 24.49
Liberal I. Frost 3,688 8.93
Majority 17,379 42.08
Turnout 78.31
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 27,275 70.55
Conservative C.L. Sternberg 6,209 16.06
Liberal M. Taylor 5,176 13.39
Majority 21,066 54.49
Turnout 74.52
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 30,787 76.47
Conservative A.R. Dix 9,474 23.53
Majority 21,313 52.94
Turnout 78.38
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 28,830 77.50
Conservative I.J. Humphrey 8,371 22.50
Majority 20,459 55.00
Turnout 70.76
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Neal 30,114 81.55
Conservative P.C. Coleman 6,815 18.45
Majority 23,299 63.09
Turnout 74.62
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Neal 31,234 79.34
Conservative Patrick Cormack 8,131 20.66
Majority 23,103 58.69
Turnout 78.89
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Neal 32,536 78.19
Conservative Robin Marlar 9,076 21.81
Majority 23,460 56.38
Turnout 82.47
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Neal 30,074 78.87
Conservative B.R.O. Bell 8,055 21.13
Majority 22,019 57.75
Turnout 77.57
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Neal 33,661 79.89
Conservative J.K. Cordeaux 8,472 20.11
Majority 25,189 59.78
Turnout 85.36
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Bolsover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Neal 34,017 80.61
Conservative J.K. Cordeaux 8,184 19.39
Majority 25,833 61.21
Turnout 86.24
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, Bolsover elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ "MPs, as on 23 February 1950". They Work For You. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "MPs, as on 18 June 1970". They Work For You. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  5. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/bolsover-2015.html
  6. ^ https://twitter.com/Wessington/status/542635584788107265
  7. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  8. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.36 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  9. ^ The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
  10. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Coordinates: 53°14′N 1°18′W / 53.23°N 1.30°W / 53.23; -1.30