Bolsover (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Bolsover in Derbyshire for the 2010 general election.
Location of Derbyshire within England.
|Electorate||72,162 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Bolsover, Shirebrook|
|Member of Parliament||Dennis Skinner (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Clay Cross and North East Derbyshire|
|European Parliament constituency||East Midlands|
Bolsover //, // and commonly // is a county constituency in Derbyshire represented in the House of Commons of the U.K. Parliament. The constituency was first contested in 1950 and is focussed on the town east of the M1 motorway of Bolsover.[n 1]
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
Before the Reform Act 1832 relatively wealthy (forty shilling freeholders) of the whole county could attend elections when there was an opposition candidate. From 1868 until 1885 East Derbyshire served the area by gaining the area from North Derbyshire formed in 1832. The constituency was created in 1950 from parts of the constituencies of 1885-formed North East Derbyshire and 1918-formed Clay Cross.
When formed in 1950 Bolsover comprised the Urban District of Bolsover and the Rural Districts of Blackwell and Clowne. Bolsover and Clowne had both previously been included in North-East Derbyshire, while Blackwell in the Clay Cross constituency.
In 1974 the Local Government District of Bolsover was formed with identical boundaries to the constituency.
These boundaries remained unchanged until 1983 when the Morton, Pilsley, Shirland and Sutton wards of the District of North East Derbyshire were transferred from the still extant North East Derbyshire constituency.
The 2010 boundary changes added Holmewood and Heath ward to Bolsover constituency from North East Derbyshire.
The seat includes many former mining communities and has in elections to date been a Labour Party stronghold although Skinner's share of the popular vote has "dropped" to a bare (50%) plurality in the 2010 election (from a high of 74%) - see below. Its economy has faced struggles following the last closures in the early 1990s of the coal pits upon which the area thrived for many years, facing from the 1970s increased competition to compete with international prices and a need for government subsidy as achieved in Eastern Europe, albeit on lower wages, which ceased under Margaret Thatcher. Bolsover's tourism industry has emerged in the area in recent years, including accommodation and tours involving Bolsover Castle, owned by English Heritage, and Hardwick Hall, home of Bess of Hardwick. Since 1970 it has been held by Dennis Skinner, a former miner whose fast wit and often abrasive manner in the House of Commons has led to him being dubbed "The Beast of Bolsover".
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Bolsover|
|Liberal Democrat||Denise Hawksworth||6,821||15.5||−2.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Bolsover|
|Liberal Democrat||Denise Hawksworth||6,780||17.5||+5.6|
|General Election 2001: Bolsover|
|Liberal Democrat||Marie Bradley||4,550||11.9||+2.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Bolsover|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Cox||4,417||9.3||−0.9|
|General Election 1992: Bolsover|
|Conservative||Timothy D.R. James||13,323||25.3||−3.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs Susan P. Barber||5,368||10.2||−5.3|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Bolsover|
|Social Democrat||M.H. Fowler||7,836||15.48|
|General Election 1983: Bolsover|
|Social Democrat||S. Reddish||7,886||16.76|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Bolsover|
|General Election October 1974: Bolsover|
|General Election February 1974: Bolsover|
|General Election 1970: Bolsover|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Bolsover|
|General Election 1964: Bolsover|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Bolsover|
|General Election 1955: Bolsover|
|General Election 1951: Bolsover|
|General Election 1950: Bolsover|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2011-01-10.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.36 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.