Bolton-on-Swale

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Coordinates: 54°23′16″N 1°36′52″W / 54.3879°N 1.6145°W / 54.3879; -1.6145

Bolton on Swale
Bolton-on-Swale.jpg
Bolton-on-Swale, showing the village pump.
Bolton on Swale is located in North Yorkshire
Bolton on Swale
Bolton on Swale
 Bolton on Swale shown within North Yorkshire
Population 60 
OS grid reference SE251992
District Richmondshire
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town RICHMOND
Postcode district DL10 6
Dialling code 01748
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Richmond
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Bolton-on-Swale is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England.

History[edit]

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Boletone and belonged to Count Alan of Brittany as Tenant-in-Chief. The manor had been granted by Count Alan to Thor at the time of the Norman invasion, but afterwards it was granted to Enisant Musard.[1] The manor was passed to Roald the Constable thereafter until it came into the possession of the Scrope family in Masham. They held the titles until around 1630. The descent is somewhat confused after this, but the title was seen to be in use in the 18th century by the Burton and Garthwaite families. In 1820 the title was in use by the Earl of Tyrconnell.[2][3] The etymology of the name derives from the Old English bōðl-tūn, meaning an enclosure with buildings.[4][5]

Governance[edit]

The village lies within the Richmond UK Parliament constituency. It also lies within the Catterick Bridge electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Brompton-on-Swale and Scorton ward of Richmondshire District Council.[6]

Community and culture[edit]

Bolton-on-Swale St Mary's C of E (VA) Primary School, located in the village, serves Bolton-on-Swale and Scorton. There are under 100 pupils, split into 4 classes.[7]

Geography[edit]

As the name suggests it is close to the River Swale. Bolton Beck is a tributary of the Swale which passes underneath a small bridge at the north of the village. The village is situated on the B6271 road between Scorton and Northallerton. The Coast to Coast Walk passes through the village. The village is just 0.3 miles (0.48 km) south of Scorton and 1.1 miles (1.8 km) north-east of Catterick.[6]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bolton-on-Swale
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
16
(61)
18
(64)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
13.5
(56.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
0
(32)
1
(34)
2
(36)
5
(41)
7
(45)
10
(50)
10
(50)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
0
(32)
4.1
(39.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 53
(2.1)
43
(1.7)
41
(1.6)
56
(2.2)
43
(1.7)
64
(2.5)
50
(2)
66
(2.6)
61
(2.4)
64
(2.5)
58
(2.3)
58
(2.3)
657
(25.9)
Source: Weatherbase[8]

Religion[edit]

St. Mary's Church dates from the 14th century

The village church is dedicated to St. Mary; it serves the village and a number of other small villages, hamlets and farmsteads in the surrounding countryside. The church is a Grade II* Listed Building built on the site of previous Norman and Saxon structures.[9] The present building was erected during the early 14th century and was enlarged and restored by George Fowler Jones in 1859. Some sarcophagi were found during the restoration and may now be found on the interior wall by the door. In the vestry a unusual stone roof exists which seems to be a portion of the original Saxon structure. In the graveyard is the tomb of Henry Jenkins who, it is claimed, lived to be 169 years old. The dates on the tomb are 1500-1670.

Notable buildings[edit]

Nearby is Bolton Old Hall, a 15th-century peel tower, altered and extended in the 16th and 17th centuries. The building is Grade II listed by English Heritage.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton-upon-Swale in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ "History". Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 373–374. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  4. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-0521168557. 
  5. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 65. ISBN 978-0192800749. 
  6. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  7. ^ "Bolton-on-Swale St Mary's C of E (VA) Primary School". Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Bolton-on-Swale". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on April 18, 2013.
  9. ^ "St Mary's Church". English Heritage. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Bolton Old Hall at British Listed Buildings Online". English Heritage. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 

External links[edit]