Boma, Democratic Republic of the Congo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Boma, Kongo Central)
Jump to: navigation, search
Boma
Boma01.jpg
Boma is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Boma
Boma
Location in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Coordinates: 5°51′S 13°03′E / 5.850°S 13.050°E / -5.850; 13.050
Country Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo
Province Bas-Congo
Area
 • Total 65 km2 (25 sq mi)
Elevation 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 162,521
 • Density 2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
A stamp of the Congo Free State used in Boma, around 1900.
View to the north from Boma, 1889

Boma is a port town, on the Congo River some 100 km upstream from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Bas-Congo province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

As of 2009 it had an estimated population of 527,725.[2] Boma was the capital city of the Congo Free State and Belgian Congo (the modern Democratic Republic of the Congo) from 1 May 1886 to 1926, when the capital was moved to Léopoldville (since renamed Kinshasa). The port handles exports of tropical timber, bananas, cacao, and palm products.

History[edit]

Boma was founded as a slaving station and entrepôt by merchants of several European countries in the 16th century.[3]

Transport[edit]

Boma lies on the north bank of the Congo River, some 100 km upstream from Muanda, where the river meets the Atlantic Ocean. The great width and depth of the river allow seagoing ships to reach Boma, which thus serves as DR Congo's major port.

Between 1889 and 1984, the port was served by a 610mm gauge railway line from Tshela.

People[edit]

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).

The highest record temperature was 41 °C (106 °F) on February 25, 1976, while the lowest record temperature was 10 °C (50 °F) on October 21, 1976.[6]

Climate data for Boma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
41
(106)
39
(102)
34
(93)
39
(102)
34
(93)
32
(90)
33
(91)
36
(97)
34
(93)
34
(93)
32
(90)
41
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 32.6
(90.7)
33.4
(92.1)
33.8
(92.8)
33.6
(92.5)
32
(90)
29.5
(85.1)
26.7
(80.1)
28
(82)
29.4
(84.9)
31.6
(88.9)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
31.28
(88.29)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.9
(84)
29.5
(85.1)
29.8
(85.6)
29.5
(85.1)
28.4
(83.1)
26
(79)
23.5
(74.3)
24.8
(76.6)
26.2
(79.2)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
28.7
(83.7)
27.71
(81.88)
Average low °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
24.9
(76.8)
22.6
(72.7)
20.3
(68.5)
21.6
(70.9)
23.1
(73.6)
25.2
(77.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
24.21
(75.58)
Record low °C (°F) 20
(68)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
17
(63)
14
(57)
12
(54)
13
(55)
14
(57)
10
(50)
15
(59)
18
(64)
10
(50)
Precipitation mm (inches) 83
(3.27)
112
(4.41)
126
(4.96)
173
(6.81)
69
(2.72)
1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
8
(0.31)
50
(1.97)
149
(5.87)
92
(3.62)
866
(34.1)
Source #1: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 10m)[7]
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer". 
  2. ^ "Congo (Dem. Rep.): largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Retrieved January 21, 2009. 
  3. ^ This article incorporates text from The Modern World Encyclopædia: Illustrated (1935); out of UK copyright as of 2005.
  4. ^ European-language writing in sub-Saharan Africa, Volume 1, Albert S. Gerard, accessed March 2010
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ a b "Boma, Zaire". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  7. ^ "Climate: Boma - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 05°51′00″S 13°03′00″E / 5.85000°S 13.05000°E / -5.85000; 13.05000