Bombali District

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Bombali District
Location of Bombali District in Sierra Leone
Location of Bombali District in Sierra Leone
Coordinates: 9°20′N 12°15′W / 9.333°N 12.250°W / 9.333; -12.250Coordinates: 9°20′N 12°15′W / 9.333°N 12.250°W / 9.333; -12.250
Country Sierra Leone
Province Northern Province
Capital Makeni
Largest city Makeni
Government
 • Type District Council
 • Council Chairman John Shanghai Koroma (APC)
Area
 • Total 7,985 km2 (3,083 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 434,319
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC-5)

Bombali District is a district in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. Its capital and largest city is Makeni, which is also the largest city in the north. The other major towns in the district include Kamakwie, Kamabai, Karina and Binkolo. Bombali is the second largest district in Sierra Leone in geographical area (after Koinadugu District) and the second most populous district in the North, after Port Loko District. The population of Bombali district as of 2010 is 434,319.[1]

The district of Bombali occupies a total area of 7,985 km2 (3,083 sq mi) and comprises thirteen chiefdoms. The district borders the Republic of Guinea to the north, Port Loko District and Kambia Districts to the west, Tonkolili District to the south, and Koinadugu District to the east.

The population of Bombali District is ethnically diverse, although the Temne and Limba form the largest ethnic groups.

Bombali district is the birthplace and home district of the current president of Sierra Leone, Ernest Bai Koroma, who was born and raised in the city of Makeni. The district is also the birthplace and home district of former president of Sierra Leone Joseph Saidu Momoh, who was born in the town of Binkolo.

Government and politics[edit]

Bombali district is governed with a directly elected district council form of government, which is headed by a district council chairman, who is the highest local government official in the district. The chairman is responsible for the general management of the district. The current chairman is Eric Dura Sesay of the All People's Congress (APC), following his victory in the 2008 Sierra Leone local elections.

Bombali district is a political stronghold of the APC, the current rulling party in Sierra Leone; and one of the two major political parties in the country. Currently the APC holds all elected seats from Bombali district to the Parliament of Sierra Leone. The APC also controls the Bombali District Council local government and the Makeni city council. Two of the three Sierra Leone presidents from the APC party Joseph Saidu Momoh and Ernest Bai Koroma are natives of Bombali district.

The APC has always been overwhelmingly popular in almost all parts of Bombali district since the party was founded; with the exception of the predominantly ethnic Mandingo town of Karina and its surrounding villages, located in part of Biriwa Chiefdom, which have traditionally supported the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP), particularly under the government of president Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, who was overwhelmingly popular in Karina and its surrounding villages during his presidency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The district of Bombali has eight Representatives in the Sierra Leonean Parliament, of which seven members were elected for a five-year term. The district is a stronghold of the ruling APC. In the second round of the 2007 Sierra Leone presidential election, the incumbent vice president of Sierra Leone Solomon Berewa and candidate of the then ruling SLPP got 11 percent of the vote in Bombali District, while the leader of the main opposition party and current president of Sierra Leone Ernest Bai Koroma of the All People's Congress (APC) got 89 percent in the second round in the district.

Major towns[edit]

Towns and villages[edit]

Effects of the civil war[edit]

Bombali was a principal former rebel stronghold and experienced considerable displacement, destruction and trauma as a result of the conflict. While progress has been made since the conflict, particularly in restoration of state authority, the level of social services and economic recovery remains unsatisfactory throughout the district. The provincial importance of Makeni is in contrast with the current lack of water and power supply in the township, and the bad road network and large distances in the district have meant that limited intervention has been made in chiefdoms outside of the Makeni area, particularly in the far north.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]