Bombardier Global Express
|Global Express / Global 5000/6000|
|A Global Express of Tyrolean Jet Services landing at Frankfurt Airport|
|First flight||13 October 1996|
|Number built||500 (as of 17 June 2013)|
XRS: US$52 million (2010)
Global 5000: US$40 million (2008)
|Developed into||Global 7000/8000|
The Bombardier Global Express is a large cabin, ultra long range business jet manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. There are currently five variants, the original Global Express, Global 5000, Global 6000, Global 7000 & Global 8000. The Global Express has been modified for military missions, such as the Raytheon Sentinel and the USAF E-11A. The Global Express can fly intercontinental ranges without refuelling (e.g. New York–Tokyo) or between most two points in the world with only one stop. In this class the Global Express competes with the Airbus Corporate Jet, Boeing Business Jet and Gulfstream G550/650.
Design and development
Bombardier Aerospace began studies in 1991 and the aircraft was officially launched in 1993. The first flight occurred on October 13, 1996. The Global Express shares the Canadair / Bombardier Regional Jet's fuselage cross section and is similar in length, but despite the size similarities the two aircraft are very different due to the nature of their roles. The Global Express features an advanced all new supercritical wing with a 35° sweep and winglets, plus a new T-tail. The aircraft is powered by two BMW RollsRoyce BR-710 turbofans with FADEC. The advanced flightdeck features a six screen Honeywell Primus 2000 XP EFIS suite and is offered with optional heads-up displays.
The Global Express was announced on 28 October 1991 at the NBAA convention. Full-scale cabin mockup was exhibited at the NBAA convention in September 1992. Conceptual design started early 1993 and the programme was officially launched on 20 December 1993. The aircraft high-speed configuration was frozen in June 1994 and the low-speed configuration was established in August 1994.
Bombardier subsidiaries have three specific roles in the project: Canadair is the design leader and manufactures the nose; Short Brothers, Belfast is responsible for the design and manufacture of the engine nacelles, horizontal stabiliser and forward fuselage; and de Havilland Canada builds the rear fuselage and vertical tail and carries out final assembly. The major external supplier is Japan's Mitsubishi Heavy Industries which builds the wing and centre fuselage sections.
The Global 5000 (model designation BD-700-1A11) is a derivative based on Global Express, with 0.813 m (32 in) reduction in forward fuselage length, and 1,200 nmi reduction in maximum range. Seating capacity is up to 19 passengers. The aircraft was announced on 25 October 2001 with the official launch on 5 February 2002, after a positive market assessment with letters of intent for 15 aircraft.
The Global 5000 is built on the same production line as the Global Express XRS, and the two types' serial numbers are intermingled.
The first Global 5000 aircraft (s/n 9127) flew on 7 March 2003. The flight was dedicated to testing basic system functionality and assessing the aircraft's handling and flying qualities. The aircraft completed its preliminary testing at Bombardier's Downsview facility, before it moved to Bombardier's Wichita facility to begin the flight test program. The Global 5000 made its first appearance at the Paris Air Show in June 2003.
The Global 5000 can fly close to 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km) nonstop at Mach 0.80. The average trip lengths for most operators is 2.5 hours where the aircraft will cruise between Mach 0.85 and Mach 0.89, making it one of the fastest long range jets available today.
Typical configuration features 18 passenger seats including fully berthable seats and an aft lounge/bedroom. The aircraft has a full galley and two lavatories. The crew rest area was removed, but is being considered on newer versions.
Originally, the maximum takeoff weight was 89,700 lb (40,700 kg). With typical equipment and passenger accoutrements, the empty weight was 52,000–55,000 pounds (22,600–25,000 kg). In April 2008, Bombardier announced that the certified gross weight had been increased to 92,500 lb (41954 kg), which permitted an increased fuel load—projected maximum range increased to 5,200 nmi (9637 km).
The maximum certified altitude is 51,000 ft (16,000 m) The typical approach speed is 108 kn (200 km/h) requiring approximately 2,600 ft (790 m) of runway for landing.
Global 5000 changes compared to the Global Express are:
- Fuselage shortened by 0.813 m (32 in).
- Removal of the fuel tank in the tail and limiting fuel in the wings.
- Reduction in MTOW by 5,500 lb (2,500 kg).
- Reduction in maximum range by 1,200 nmi.
- Rearrangement of some avionics to gain usable cabin length.
- Allowance for interior completions (3,200 kg).
The Global 6000 (formerly marketed as the Global Express XRS) is an improved version of the original aircraft, (announced on October 6, 2003 during the NBAA Convention at Orlando, Florida) offering higher cruise speed, increased range, improved cabin layout and lighting. The range increase is achieved by addition of a 1,486 lb (674 kg) fuel tank at the wing root. The Global Express 6000 entered service in early 2006. The unit price is estimated to be $US45.5 million. Bombardier claims it takes 15 minutes less to fuel the Global 6000 than the original model thanks to improved computer systems and mechanical refinements.
- Global Express - (model designation BD-700-1A10) is the original model.
- Global 6000 (marketed as Global Express XRS until May 2011)
- Global 5000 - (model designation BD-700-1A11)
- Global 7000
- Global 8000
- Raytheon Sentinel R1 - (Surveillance aircraft using Bombardier airframe supplied to Raytheon)
- E-11A - United States Air Force designation for four Global Express being used as a platform for the Battlefield Airborne Communications Node. A BD-700 has also carried the High-Altitude Lidar Operational Experiment (HALOE) payload, deploying to Africa and Afghanistan to survey large areas rapidly.
- German Air Force (Luftwaffe) - 4 for VIP transport operated by the Special Air Mission Wing MoD in Cologne
- Royal Malaysian Air Force
- 1st Division - 2 Squadron - 1 for VIP transport
- Royal Air Force
- Mexican Air Force - 1 ordered
- Indian Air Force - 1 Delivered
The aircraft is operated by private individuals, companies, executive charter operators and government agencies.
Specifications (Global 5000)
Data from Bombardier
- Crew: 2-3
- Capacity: 8 passengers in a typical configuration, up to 19 in high density arrangement
- Length: 96 ft 10 in (29.5 m)
- Wingspan: 94 ft 0 in (28.65 m)
- Height: 25 ft 6 in (7.7 m)
- Wing area: 1,022 ft² (94.75 m²)
- Useful load: 1,775 lb (w/full fuel) (805 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 92,750 lb (42,071 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Deutschland BR710A2-20 turbofans, 14,750 lbf (65.6 kN) each
- Cabin length: 42.47 f (12.94 m)
- Cabin width (centerline): 8.17 ft (2.49 m)
- Cabin width (floorline): 6.92 ft (2.11 m)
- Cabin height: 6.25 ft (1.91 m)
- Cabin floor area: 317 ft² (29.4 m²)
- Cabin Total Volume 1,884 ft³ (53.9 m³)
- Maximum speed: Mach .89 (513 kt, 590 mph, 950 km/h)
- Cruise speed: Mach .85 (488 kt, 562 mph, 904 km/h)
- Range: 5,200 nmi (9,360 km)
- Service ceiling: 51,000 ft (15,000 m)
- Basic Operating Weight: 50,840 lb (23,061 kg)
- Maximum Ramp Weight: 92,750 lb (42,071 kg)
- Maximum Takeoff Weight: 92,500 lb (41,957 kg)
- Maximum Zero Fuel Weight: 56,000 lb (25,401 kg)
- Maximum Fuel Weight: 39,250 lb (17,804 kg)
- Balanced field length (SL, ISA, MTOW): 5,540 ft (1,689 m)
- Landing distance (SL, ISA, MLW): 2,670 ft (814 m)
- Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion avionics suite
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- "500th Global Aircraft Enters Service with Groupe Bolloré". 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- Bombardier Global 5000 - Sitting pretty, Flight International, 7–13 October 2008, p.49
- Arie Church "Air Force Prepares to Welcome E-11A" June 17, 2011, airforcemag.com
- Rohit Jaggi (11 August 2010), "Flight test: Bombardier Global 5000", ft.com, (subscription required ())
- Bombardier Aerospace launches Global 5000 business jet wingsoverkansas.com
- Simpson 2005, p. 33.
- Global 5000 Adds Fuel and Range, Flying Magazine, Vol. 135., No. 5, May 2008, p.19.
- Bringing Home the BACN to Front-Line Forces
- Butler, Amy (21 April 2014). "Intel Community Backs High-Res Imagery Push". Aviation Week & Space Technology.
- OK1 at Lanseria International Airport (HLA / FALA), Johannesburg, South Africa
- Bombardier | Aerospace
- Simpson, Rod. "Global 5000–Fills the Gap for Bombardier". Air International, October 2005, Vol 68 No 4. pp. 30–36. ISSN 0306-5634.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bombardier Global Express.|
- Bombardier Global Family page
- Bombardier Global 5000 in the sweet spot
- Bombardier Global 6000 Luxury Business Jet at Aerospace-Technology.com