Bombardment of Madras
|Bombardment of Madras|
|Part of World War I|
Oil tanks on fire in the harbor following the bombardment of Madras by SMS Emden.
|British Empire||German Empire|
|Commanders and leaders|
|unknown||Karl von Müller|
|unknown||1 light cruiser|
|Casualties and losses|
|1 steamer sunk
With Captain Karl von Müller in command, on the night of 22 September 1914, SMS Emden quietly approached the city of Madras on the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. After entering the Madras harbor area and observing for a moment, Müller gave the order to engage at 9:30 pm, Emden opened fire at 3,000 yards on several large oil tanks within the harbor, which belonged to the Burmah Oil Company.
Within the first 30 rounds, the oil tanks were in flames. After bombing the fuel tanks, Emden moved onto a small merchant ship in harbor. The craft was quickly sunk by Emden's deck guns. The worst casualties experienced that night were from the merchant vessel, 26 of whose crew were injured. At least 5 of the sailors were killed on scene or died later of injuries.
The action lasted half an hour, until 10:00 pm, by which time the British shore batteries had begun to respond. However, Emden slipped away unscathed. In all, 125 shells were fired by the Germans. Although the raid did little damage, it was a severe blow to British morale and thousands of people fled the city.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to SMS Emden (1906).|
- Cruisers EMDEN, Frigates EMDEN - 5 warships named EMDEN until today (German)
- World War I Naval Combat
- Karl Friedrich Max von Müller: Captain of the Emden During World War I