||This article's images may require adjustment of image placement, formatting, and size. (October 2012)|
The view from the Serra de Monte Junto in Bombarral (overlooking the community)
|Official name: Concelho de Bombarral|
|Civil Parishes||Bombarral, Carvalhal, Pó, Roliça, Vale Covo|
|- elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||13.96 km (9 mi), North-South|
|Width||13.09 km (8 mi), West-East|
|Area||91.26 km2 (35 sq mi)|
|- Municipality||29 June 1914|
|- location||Praça do Município, Bombarral, Bombarral|
|- elevation||30 m (98 ft)|
|President||José Manuel Vieira|
|Municipal Chair||João Carlos Barreiras Duarte|
|- summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|ISO 3166-2 code||PT-|
|Postal Zone||2540-046 Bombarral|
|Area Code & Prefix||(+351) 262 XXX XXX|
|Patron Saint||São Pedro|
|Municipal Address||2540 Bombarral
|Municipal Holidays||29 June|
Location of the municipality of Bombarral in continental Portugal
|Wikimedia Commons: Bombarral|
|Statistics from INE (2001); geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)|
Bombarral (Portuguese pronunciation: [bõbɐˈʁaɫ]) is a Portuguese municipality in the Oeste Subregion and Leiria District, of central Portugal. With an area of 90.44 square kilometres (34.92 sq mi) and approximately 13,325 inhabitants (2001 Census), it includes five civil parishes (Portuguese: freguesia) that provide local services. Its municipal seat is the town of Bombarral.
It is known that the area of Bombarral was occupied during the geological period, and there exist vestiges of human settlement throughout the municipality, including pre-historic remnants in Gruta Nova, Lapa do Suão and the Neolithic fortifications of Columbeira and the Castro de São Mamede.
Most documented references to Bombarral begin in the 14th century, when the area was under the dominion of the Monastery of Alcobaça.
With the creation of Portugal, King Afonso Henriques donated the lands to Cistercian monks, around 1153. Before, the Battle of Aljubarrota King John of Portugal stayed in Bombarral with his Knight, Luís Henriques, in the strong-house that would later be converted into the municipality's council hall.
In the 18th century it was recognized as "Queens lands", and part of the municipality of Cadaval until 1852. During the Peninsular War, 15000 Anglo-Portuguese troops confronted a much smaller army of French infantry and cavalry (5000 total) in Roliça in the first engagement by British forces. The Battle of Roliça, along the northern frontier with Óbidos, was a confrontation between English General Arthur Wellesley and French General Henri François, Comte Delaborde, who were sent by General Jean-Andoche Junot, to harass and hold British forces until a much larger force could confront the English. The valleys and gullies of Roliça allowed the small French contingent to confront the much larger British force, yet they were unable to defeat them. Although successful, Wellesley did not press the fleeing French troops (who withdrew to Montachique near Torres Vedras), and instead went to support the landing of 4000 troops arriving from England along the coast.
Until 1914, Bombarral was a region of its neighbour Óbidos.
Bombarral is situated in a privileged geographic region in the extreme southern part of the District of Leiria, in the centre of Western Tourist Region (Portuguese: Região de Turismo do Oeste), 75 kilometres from Lisbon and 20 kilometres from the Atlantic Ocean. The municipality is limited to the north by the municipalities of Óbidos, to the northeast by Caldas da Rainha, southeast by Cadaval and west by Lourinhã.
Bombarral is situated on an alluvial plain that is fertile, with a gentle topography of lowlands.
Administratively, it is composed of five parishes, including:
- Vale Covo
The A8 is the primary thoroughfare connecting Bombarral with its neighbours.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Bombarral is twinned with:
The base of economic activity is agriculture, with vineyards predominating, although several crops are routinely rotated within the fields of the municipality.
- Câmara Municipal, ed. (2011). "A Nossa Identidade" [Our Identity] (in Portuguese). Bombarral, Portugal: Câmara Municipal de Bombarral. Retrieved 7 April 2011.