Bombay Hindi

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Bombay Hindi (Hindi: बम्बईया हिंदी), Mumbai Hindi or Bambaiyya is a variant of Hindustani spoken in and around the city of Mumbai, India.[1] It incorporates words and pronunciations from Marathi, Konkani, Hindi, Gujarati, and English.[citation needed] Linguistically, the predominant substratum influence on Bambaiyya is Marathi, reflecting Mumbai's location in a wider Marathi-speaking area.[2]

General[edit]

While many such local dialects have evolved in cosmopolitan cities around the world, Bombay Hindi is widely known throughout India[citation needed] as a result of its frequent use in Bollywood movies. Initially, this dialect was used to represent crooks and uncouth characters as, to quote film critic Shoma A. Chatterji, "Indian films have the unique quality of different characters speaking different varieties of Hindi according to their social status, their caste, communal identity, education, profession, financial status, etc. [...] The villain's goons, speak in a special vulgarised, Bambaiya Hindi concocted specifically to typify such screen characters in Hindi cinema.".[3] Lately, however, Bambaiya Hindi has become popular and prominent, particular with the success of the Munnabhai movies, in which the lead characters - being members of the Mumbai criminal underworld - speak entirely in this dialect.[4]

Despite this increase in popularity, this dialect has its critics, and is sometimes seen as being disrespectful and vulgar.[5]

Among the more prominent neologisms which originated in Bambaiyya Hindi but have spread throughout India are the words bindaas (from Marathi (Bin + Dhast = Without Fear, meaning 'relaxed'; this word was incorporated into the Oxford English Dictionary in 2005[6]) and Gandhigiri (invented in the movie Lage Raho Munna Bhai, a portmanteau of Gandhi and -giri, which is similar to the English 'ism'(as in Gandhi-ism), though slightly more informal).

Bollywood has also incorporated many Marathi words in Hindi like Thaska, Wakda, Porgi, Navri, Navrai. Many Hindi songs have few Marathi words added.

Words and expressions of Mumbai or Bombay Hindi[edit]

Mumbai or Bombay Hindi English Standard Hindustani Notes
Apan (अपुन) I (myself) Main (मैं)
Tereko (To) you Tujhe (तुझे)
Mereko (To) me Mujhe (मुझे)
Dho dala (धो डला) Beaten up Often used in the context of a physical fight/competition between two people or teams. Lit. washed up, as in the loser of the fight.
Apun ka naam (अपुन का नाम) My name Mera naam (मेरा नाम)
Yede / yeda/ yedi (for girl) Idiot Pagal (पागल) Based on Marathi word Yedya meaning Idiot
Idharich (इधरिच ) Right here Idhar hi (इधर ही)
Udharich (उधरीच ) There Udhar hi (उधर ही)
Kopcha(कोपचा) Corner kona (कोना) From Marathi work Kopra meaning corner
Kayko (कायको )/Kayku Why Kyun (क्यों)
Locha (लोचा)or Locha Labacha (लोचा लबाचा) Problem Samasya (समस्या) From Marathi"locha" word meaning "problem"
MachMach/ Muchmuch (मचमच ), Badbad (बडबड ) Someone who annoys you by talking their problems, crib-crib, rambling Khitpit (खिटपिट)
Sallang or Jhakaas (झकास) or fatte or dhasu or fattang or kadak or dhinchak or rapchik Excellent Barhiya (बढ़िया)
Mandavli (मांडवली) or Setting Compromise or understanding Samjhauta (समझौता) Used primarily to agree on territory demarcation
Topi (टोपी) or jholar Fraud Dhokha (धोखा) Slang usage, Topi literally means cap
Nalla (नल्ला) Duplicate Pratilipi (प्रतिलिपि), Naqal (नक़ल)
Shaana (शाणा) Smart fellow or wiseass Hoshiyar (होशियार), Sayana From Marathi work 'Shahana' clever
Saala (साला ), Saali (साली ) As Dude, wives brother/ sister Kamina (कमीना), Kamini (कमीनी) Mild swear word
Shaanapanti (शाणापन्ति), shaanpatti Acting smart Hoshiyari (होशियारी), Sayanapan Based on Marathi word Shahanpan meaning Acting smart
Chidiya (Chidiya) pager Local slang, literally means Sparrow
Kauwa (कौवा) Mobile phone Local slang, literally means crow
Ghoda (घोडा) Gun Bandooq (बंदूक़) Local slang, literally means horse
Satak le, kat le (सटक ले, कट ले) Get out, beat it Khisak le (खिसक ले)
Ghanta (घंटा) Nothing Kuchh Nahi (कुछ नही) Local slang, literally means bell
Tapori (टपोरी) Dude, guy, hoodlum Awara (आवारा), Lafanga (लफ़ंगा) See dedicated page Tapori (word)
Mamoo (मामू) Sir Sahab (साहब), Sirjee (सरजी)
Sultana (सुल्टाना) To resolve an issue Suljhana (सुलझाना)
Faddu (फट्टू) Coward Darpok (डरपोक), Kaayar (कायर)
Mama (मामा)/ Pandu Cop Policewala Local slang, literally means maternal uncle
Lafda (लफड़ा) Fight, problem, Love-Affair Larai (लड़ाई), Prem-sambandh (प्रेम-संबन्ध)
Chhaavi (छावी) or item 'Maal' Girlfriend Saheli (सहेली)
Chikna (m.) (चिकना), Chikni (f.) (चिकनी) Fair complexioned person, well dressed person Gora (m.), Gori (f.) Local slang, literally means smooth or slick/oily
Thhaasna (ठासना) or tharra Alcohol Sharaab
Hadakna (हड़कना) To eat Khana (खाना)
Bablya (बाबल्या) Bus driver/conductor or ticket collector Marathi for baby(kid)
Sutta (सुट्टा) Cigarette Cigrett This slang term has achieved near-universal usage in India and Pakistan
Waat lagna (वाट लगना) To have a major problem Museebat aana From Marathi work 'Waat Laagali'
Wat le (वट ले ), Phoot(फूट ), wantas ki goli le (वन्टास की गोली ले ) Get out,Run from The problem, save your soul Bhagana (भागना या भगाना )
Dabba (डब्बा) Police vehicle Police gaadi Local slang, literally means box
Samaan (सामान) Weapon Hathyar (हथियार) Local slang, literally means luggage or the stuff
Kaccha Limbu (कच्चा लिम्बू) Rookie/ Noob From Marathi word Local slang, usually used during gully cricket for a noob or to downright embarrass someone
Lafda nahin karne ka (लफड़ा नहीं करने का) Do not fight Larna nahin Larna functions a verb, lafda as a noun
Patli galli se satak le Go away from here quietly It is used when you want to warn a person by telling him to go away from the scene
Hawa aane de Go away, let me breathe some air It is used when you want to warn a person by telling him to go away from the scene
Abe Saale hello friend,listen Casual way of calling when other friend is not ready for something.
Thakela (थकेला) A weak person A local slang used for a person who is not energetic or seems dull most of the time
Hari Patti (हरी पत्ती) Money Paisa Hari Patti means green note, directly referring to the 500 rupee note, which is green in colour
Churan (चूरन) Lie Jhoot Churan is a slang used to describe a lie spoken by a person
Taliya Bald Takla Taliya is a slang used to describe a bald person especially at the crown part of the head, although can be used for any conspicuous bald person
Peti (पेटी) One Lakh Rupees Ek Lākh Rupaye One hundred thousand rupees
Khoka (खोका) One Crore Rupees Ek Karoṛ Rupaye Ten million rupees
Bhidu (भिडु) Friend Dost, Yaar
Bakri (बकड़ी) Smartphone (with a touchscreen) Local slang, literally means goat/sheep
Bhains (भैंस) Laptop computer Local slang, literally means buffalo
Haati (हाथी) Desktop computer Local slang, literally means elephant
Sumdi mein Incognito or secret Chupke se Local slang, Means to something without making any noise
Bol Bacchan Talk Baatcheet Generally means a disparaging address to talkative person, indicating that the content of his talk is previously known and so is uninteresting (Boring out of predictability, repetitive or tedious) and perhaps empty talk.
Jhol Scam Ghapla, Ghotala Generally means scam. Sometimes can be used for arranagement (as in "Jhol karna")
Keeda Pest A trouble or nuisance maker
Fund / Pant To steal, scam Chori Generally refers to a small robbery
Re/Ray or Bantai Hey! Attention grabber in conversation with another
cutting Half cup of Tea tambi, ek cutting de: Waiter: I'll take half cup of tea
dabba dalke aata hu Lavatory visit 'I'm going to the toilet'
Moot Marna / Dhaar Marna Going for urination Mootra Visarjan Karna/Hasth Maithun Karna Literally give out urine, also used as a euphemism for masturbation
Ghungroo Salman Curly haired Ghungroo refers to a curly haired guy.[7]
Off ho gaya/ tapak gaya To Die/ Died Marna E.g.: Mera dost off ho gaya = My friend died
Kharcha-Paani Bribe/Pocket Money and To beat Rishwat and Maarna E.g.: Khopche me dun kya Kharcha Pani = Do you want me to beat you in a corner

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dialects of Hindi
  2. ^ University of Kerala. Dept. of Linguistics, International journal of Dravidian linguistics, Volume 3, Dept. of Linguistics, Univ. of Kerala., 1974, "... In the case of Bombay Hindi-Urdu, the predominant sub-stratum structure is that of Marathi, a language which is structurally quite close of Hindi ..." 
  3. ^ See 'The Language Detail' in Shoma A. Chatterji's paper, The Culturespecific Use of Sound in India Cinema, presented in 1999.
  4. ^ The Hindu newspaper, May 11, 2007. Chronicles of the City. Read online.
  5. ^ DNA, Verbal assault of Bambaiya Hindi, December 12, 2006. Read online.
  6. ^ Indian Express, August 10, 2005, 'Bindaas' finds its way to the Oxford Dictionary. Read online.
  7. ^ Mid Day newspaper, May 5, 2005. Diary. Read online.

External links[edit]