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After Indian independence in 1947, many former princely states, including the Gujarat states and the Deccan states, were merged with the former Bombay province, which was renamed the State of Bombay.
The State of Bombay was significantly enlarged on November 1, 1956, expanding eastward to incorporate the Marathi-speaking Marathwada region of Hyderabad State, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region of southern Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarati-speaking Saurashtra and Kutch. The southernmost, Kannada-speaking portion of the state became part of the new linguistic state of Karnataka (then, Mysore State). The Bombay state was being referred to by the local inhabitants as "Maha Dwibhashi Rajya", meaning, "the great bilingual state".
Bombay State had three chief ministers after independence of India:
- Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher was the first Chief Minister of Bombay (1947 to 1952)
- Morarji Desai (1952 to 1957)
- Yashwantrao Chavan (1957 to 1960)
- Yagnik, Achyut; Suchitra Sheth (2005). The Shaping of Modern Gujarat: Plurality, Hindutva, and Beyond.. Penguin Books India. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-14-400038-8. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- Grover, Verinder; Ranjana Arora (1994). Federation of India and States' Reorganisation: Reconstruction and Consolidation. Deep and Deep Publications. p. 392. ISBN 978-81-7100-541-3. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- Samyukta Maharashtra movement for a separate Marathi state
- Mahagujarat Movement for separate Gujarati state.
- Indulal Yagnik
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