University of Mumbai

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University of Mumbai
Formerly University of Bombay (Till 1996)
UniversityOfMumbai.png
Motto Sanskrit: शीलवृतफला विद्या
Motto in English "The Fruit of Learning is Good Character and Righteous Conduct"
Established 18 July 1857
Type Public
Chancellor Governor of Maharashtra: Kateekal Sankaranarayanan (2011-present)
Vice-Chancellor Rajan M. Welukar (2010- present)
Location Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583
Campus Urban
Sports Football, cricket, basketball, hockey, tennis, swimming, etc.
Affiliations UGC, NAAC, AIU
Website mu.ac.in
University of Mumbai banner.png

Founded in 1857, the University of Bombay is one of the first three oldest public state universities in India, located in the city of Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra. It is abbreviated as either UoM, standing for University of Mumbai or MU for Mumbai University.

The University Of Mumbai is one of the premier[1] universities in India. It was ranked 41 among the Top 50 Engineering Schools of the world by America's news broadcasting firm Business Insider in 2012 and was the only university in the list from the five emerging BRICS nations viz Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.[2] It was ranked 3rd best university in Asia in terms of graduate students as percentage of total students[3] and the 2nd best Multi Disciplinary University in India[4] by Asiaweek in the list of Asia's best Universities 2000 ; with 8 of the top 10 Indian universities in Asiaweek's list being purely Science and Technology Universities.

Moreover, the University of Mumbai was ranked 5th in the list of best Universities in India by India Today in the year 2013[5] and ranked at 62 in the QS BRICS University rankings for 2013, a ranking of leading universities in the five BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).[6] Its strongest scores in the QS University Rankings: BRICS are for papers per faculty (8th), employer reputation (20th) and citations per paper (28th).[7] It was ranked 10th among the top Universities of India by QS in 2013.[7] With 7 of the top ten Indian Universities being purely science and technology universities, it was India's 3rd best Multi Disciplinary University in the QS University ranking.[7] It was ranked 18th in the world for having the maximum Ultra High Net Worth Alumni Population. It was number one in the list among universities from emerging economies.[8][9]

University and college rankings
General – International
QS (World)[10] 551-600
QS (Asian)[11] 151-160

The University of Mumbai offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral degrees apart from diplomas and certificates in many disciplines. The language of instruction for most courses is English. A majority of private colleges located in these places, which offer professional courses such as engineering, are also affiliated to MU. One of its two campuses in Mumbai is located in Kalina, Santacruz. The campus houses academic and administrative departments. Another campus located in Fort carries out administrative work only. Several world-renowned institutes in Mumbai were affiliated to the university. Most of them are now autonomous institutes or deemed universities.

History[edit]

John Wilson, D.D., F.R.S founder of the university

It was known as the "University of Bombay" until 1996, when the city of Bombay was renamed Mumbai. The university was renamed as per a gazette of the Government of Maharashtra dated September 4, 1996.

The University of Mumbai was established in 1857 by Dr John Wilson (after whom Wilson College in Mumbai is named), according to "Wood's despatch", drafted by Sir Charles Wood in 1854. It was modelled on the universities in Great Britain.[12]

St. Xavier's College was affiliated to the university in 1868, with Wilson as its first vice-chancellor .[citation needed] His wife, Margaret Bayne Wilson, founded 16 schools mainly for girls, the most famous among them being Wilson College, Mumbai and St. Columbia High School. Initially, the Elphinstone College building was used as the Mumbai University campus.

Initially, the university officials focused their efforts on imparting undergraduate courses and conducting examinations. Research disciplines and post-graduate courses were added later. Several university departments were established, starting with the School of Sociology and Civics and Politics. After India achieved independence in 1947, the functions and powers of the university were sought to be reorganised, for which The Bombay University Act of 1953 was passed.

Grading[edit]

University of Mumbai follows Percentage System but is moving towards Grade Point Average (GPA) grading system.

Percentage Classification / Division
70% and above Distinction / Outstanding
60% and above but below 70% First class
50% and above but below 60% Second Class
40% and above but below 50% Pass Class
Below 40% Fail

The 7 point GPA introduced by University of Mumbai from Academic year 2011 - 2012 for Arts, Science and Commerce is categorized as follows:[13]

Letter Grade Marks Grade Point
O 70 and above 7
A 60 to 69.99 6
B 55 to 59.99 5
C 50 to 54.99 4
D 45 to 49.99 3
E 40 to 44.99 2
F (Fail) 39.99 and below 1

Campuses[edit]

Completed Rajabai Tower and University Hall, circa 1905.
A file photo of University of Mumbai's Fort Campus taken in 1870s. Rajabai Clock Tower, here seen shrouded in scaffolding, was completed in 1878.

The University of Bombay has two campuses in Bombay. The Kalina campus, located in suburban Mumbai, spans an area of 230 acres (approx. 930,777 m²), the Fort campus 13 acres (approx. 52,609 m²) .[citation needed] It has 1.25 million square feet (381,000 m²) of built-up area, 22,000 square feet (6,705.6 m²) of classrooms, and 84,000 square feet (25,603.2 m²) of laboratory space. It has two post-graduate centres, 354 affiliated colleges, and 36 departments.[when?][citation needed]

Kalina Campus[edit]

The Kalina campus has on-campus graduate training and research centres. Several departments offering courses in the streams of science, technology, commerce, and humanities are located here. However, most colleges of engineering and medicine affiliated to the University of Mumbai are privately owned. The university does not have its own engineering and medicine departments.

An indicative list of centres and institutes located in the Kalina Campus:

  • National Center for Nanosciences and Nanotechnology — a research facility
  • Department of Biophysics, the only department of its kind in western India.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Library
  • Examination House, also known as Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Bhavan. It houses the office of the Controller of Examinations.
  • Garware Institute of Career Education and Development. It offers courses including one in medical transcription and management courses such as agriculture business management, pharma management and tourism management.
  • MUST (मस्त ) FM, the campus radio station of the university operates from here at 107.8 MHz.
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Numismatic Museum. It displays currency from around the world belonging to many periods.
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial and Management Studies (ADMI). It offers BMS, MFSM and MMS programmes.[14]
  • Department of Extra Mural Studies. It conducts weekend courses in many disciples including astronomy, astrophysics, plant and animal taxonomy, hobby robotics, and hobby electronics.
  • The Institute of Distance & Open Learning (IDOL) offers distance learning courses in humanities, sciences, commerce, computer science, and information technology.
  • Western Regional Instrumentation Centre (WRIC) is a research and training facility for instrumentation engineering and science.
  • Centre for African Studies
  • Centre for Eurasian Studies
  • A rose garden where more than a hundred varieties of rose have been cultivated.
  • Marathi Bhasha Bhavan Centre for learning the Marathi language conducts academic activities and cultural activities associated with the language.

Fort Campus[edit]

Side view of the Fort Campus

The University of Bombay was established in 1857 at the Fort campus, which is located near the southern end of Mumbai. It houses the administrative division of the university. It is built in the Gothic style of architecture. The Rajabai clock tower stands in the lawns of the campus.

Rajabai Clock Tower[edit]

One of Mumbai's landmarks, the Rajabai Clock Tower houses the university library. Based on plans by British architect Sir George Gilbert Scott and completed in the 1870s, it was modelled on the Big Ben clock tower of London.[15] Businessman Premchand Roychand contributed monetarily to the construction of the tower. It was named in memory of his mother Rajabai. It is 280 feet tall, with five storeys. At a height of 30 feet from the ground, there are eight statues representing the Indian castes. The tower clock is reported to have played 16 tunes including Rule, Britannia.

Ratnagiri Campus[edit]

A minor campus running mostly extramural courses is located in the town of Ratnagiri.

Prominent Institutes[edit]

Several departments of the University of Mumbai are at places other than the Fort or Kalina campuses. These include the Mumbai University Institute of Chemical Technology (MUICT), formerly (UDCT), which later became autonomous ;[citation needed] the departments of Medicine and Medical Research located in several prominent hospitals in Mumbai, such as the Tata Memorial Hospital, Bombay Hospital, and G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital.

St. Xavier's College was the first degree-granting college affiliated to the university. It was granted autonomy in 2009. .[citation needed]

Similarly, as per the information available on the website of the Directorate of Technical Education of Maharashtra, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute was the first Engineering Institute of the University of Mumbai (1887)[16] and Thadomal Shahani Engineering College was the first Engineering college in the University of Mumbai to start courses in Computer Engineering (1984), Information Technology (1998), Biomedical Engineering (1983) and Biotechnology (2004).[17][18]

The university's Institute of Chemical Technology was ranked 4th in the world for research in Chemical Engineering by professor Jude Sommerfeld of Georgia Institute of Technology, USA in 2011 for a 5 year period.[19]

The Department of Management Studies of the University of Mumbai i.e the Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies is consistently ranked among the top 10 management institutes of India and was established in the year 1965 in collaboration with Stanford Graduate School of Business of Stanford University.[20]

Libraries[edit]

Jawaharlal Nehru Library[edit]

The library
Central Hall

Jawaharlal Nehru Library (JNL) is the central library, located in the campus at Kalina. It houses 850,000 books, documents and scientific journals, theses, encyclopedias, 30,000 microfilms and more than 1,200 rare manuscripts, International Monetary Fund reports, census records, and several hundred e-journals .[citation needed] Most books in the library are on the basic sciences, social sciences, and behavioural sciences.

The technology and applied research journals and books of the University of Mumbai are kept at other libraries including those at Institute of Chemical Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, and Tata Memorial Hospital. The University of Mumbai collection comprises more than a million books, documents, and scientific journals.

Faculties and Departments[edit]

University of Mumbai has several hundred affiliated colleges offering undergraduate and post-graduate education, and conducting research, in areas of science, commerce, arts, engineering, management, law, etc. Each college has its own campus and specialized departments/centres.

The university itself also has some centres, institutes and departments in its faculties, on its campuses in Fort, Kalina, etc.

Areas of education and research are summarized in the table below:

Faculty Departments / Centres / Institutes
Management[21]
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial & Management Studies
Arts[22]
  • Department of Lifelong Learning and Extension
  • Center for Disaster Management
  • Comparative Literature
  • Classics
  • Education
  • Fine Arts
  • Film & Media Studies
  • Gender Studies
  • Library and Information Science
  • Language, Linguistics and Literature
  • Management Studies
  • Philosophy
  • Social & Cultural Analysis
Social Science
  • Department of Anthropology
  • Department of Applied Psychology
  • Department of African Studies
  • Department of Bioethics
  • Department of Creative Writing
  • Department of Communication and Journalism:-
  • Department of Civics & Politics
  • Department of Demography
  • Department of Public Administration
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of Eurasian Studies
  • Department of Geography
  • Department of History
  • Department of Sociology
Commerce[23]
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute of Investment studies
  • Department of Commerce
  • Department of Business Administration (International Business, HRM)
Law[24]
  • Department of Law and Justice
  • Department of Criminology & Criminal Justice
Science[25]
Engineering/Technology
Sports[26]
  • Physical Education
  • Department of Physical Education and Sports Pavilion
Institutes & Centers[27]
  • Academy for Administrative Careers
  • Center for Cultural Studies
  • Center for Development Studies
  • Centre for Extramural Studies
  • Center for Healthcare Management
  • Center for Information & Communication Technology (ICT)
  • Department of Student Welfare (Vidyapeeth Vidyarthi Bhavan)
  • Diasporic Constructions of Home and Belongings ("CoHaB")
  • Dr Ambedkar Centre for Social Justice
  • Film and Media Academy
  • Garware Institute of Career Education and Development
  • Gurudev Tagore Chair of Computer Literature
  • Indo-Canadian Studies Centre
  • Institute of Modern Language
  • Institute of Science (managed by the state Government of Maharashtra)
  • Institute of Social and Economic Research
  • UGC Academic Staff College
  • Western Regional Instrumentation Centre

Rankings[edit]

University and college rankings
General – International
QS (World)[10] 551–600
QS (Asian)[11] 151–160
  • Internationally, the University of Mumbai was ranked 41 among Top 50 engineering schools in the world by America's news broadcasting firm Business Insider in the year 2012 and was the only university in the list from the five emerging BRICS nations viz Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.[2]
  • It was ranked 3rd best university in Asia in terms of graduate students as percentage of total students[3] and the 2nd best Multi Disciplinary University in India[4] by Asiaweek in the list of Aisa's best Universities 2000 ; with 8 of the top 10 Indian universities in Asiaweek's list being purely Science and Technology Universities.
  • In the year-2013 the University of Mumbai ranked fifth[28] in the list of top ten best universities in India by India Today.[28]
  • It was ranked at 62 in the QS BRICS University rankings for 2013, a ranking of leading universities in the five BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).[6]
  • Its strongest scores in the QS University Rankings: BRICS are for papers per faculty (8th), employer reputation (20th) and citations per paper (28th).[7]
  • It was ranked 10th among the top Universities of India by QS in 2013. With 7 of the top ten Indian Universities being purely science and technology universities, it was India's 3rd best Multi Disciplinary University in the QS University ranking.[7]
  • The University of Mumbai has been given the highest ranking of five stars by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC).[29] In 2012, it was awarded a CGPA of 3.05 out of 4 and the highest rating ("A" grade) by the NAAC for its overall performance. The University Grants Commissionalso accorded the University of Mumbai with the status of ''University with Potential for Excellence" .[30] The University Of Mumbai is one of the premier[1] and oldest[1] universities in India.

Vice chancellors[edit]

Alumni[edit]

Co-operation with other Universities[edit]

Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed with Tianjin University, Tianjin University of Technology and Nankai University in China as well as Edith Cowan University in Australia.[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c India Today Best Universities 2013: University of Mumbai - | Photo1 | India Today |. Indiatoday.intoday.in (1978-03-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  2. ^ a b "The World's Best Engineering Schools". Business Insider. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b CNN. 22 June 2000 http://cgi.cnn.com/ASIANOW/asiaweek/features/universities2000/schools/multi.gradtot.html |url= missing title (help). 
  4. ^ a b CNN. 22 June 2000 http://cgi.cnn.com/ASIANOW/asiaweek/features/universities2000/rank_country/index.html#5 |url= missing title (help). 
  5. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/india-best-universities-ranking-private-sector-survey/1/272876.html
  6. ^ a b http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/brics-rankings/2013#sorting=rank+country=+stars=false+search=
  7. ^ a b c d e http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings-articles/brics-rankings/top-universities-india
  8. ^ http://thediplomat.com/2013/04/university-of-mumbai-beats-cambridge-and-brown-for-rich-alumni/
  9. ^ http://www.wealthx.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Wealth-X-University-UHNW-Alumni-Rankings-Special-Report.pdf
  10. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  12. ^ "History of the University of Mumbai". University of Mumbai. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "[University of Mumbai". www.wes.org. 2011-03-09. Retrieved 2013-12-24. 
  14. ^ "Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute". Mu.ac.in. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "Rajabai Tower Mumbai: Tourist Attractions in Mumbai". Mumbailocal.Net. 
  16. ^ http://www.dte.org.in/approvedinstitues/StaticPages/frmInstituteSummary.aspx?InstituteCode=3012
  17. ^ http://www.dte.org.in/approvedinstitues/staticpages/frmInstituteSummary.aspx?InstituteCode=3182
  18. ^ Thadomal Shahani Engineering College
  19. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/ict-ranked-4th-in-research-standards-111052900075_1.html
  20. ^ Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
  21. ^ [1][dead link]
  22. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/faculties_arts.html
  23. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/facultiesofcommerce.html
  24. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/facultiesoflaw.html
  25. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/facultiesofscience.html
  26. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/faculties_sports.html
  27. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/facultiesofothers.html
  28. ^ a b India Today ranks India's Best Universities for 2013 : EDUCATION - India Today. Indiatoday.intoday.in (2013-05-24). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  29. ^ http://web5.kar.nic.in/naacloi_new/NAAC_allcycles_accrlist.aspx
  30. ^ http://www.ugc.ac.in/page/Universities-(UPE).aspx
  31. ^ "The Mahatma's marksheets". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 29 September 2002. 
  32. ^ Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  33. ^ "Homai gets Padma Vibhushan". The Times of India. 25 January 2011. 
  34. ^ "Theatre is revelation (Interview)". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 24 February 2008. 
  35. ^ Judges Biography: P. N. Bhagwati Supreme Court of India.
  36. ^ World Economic Forum. Contributor Biography: Ajit Gulabchand
  37. ^ Bhaktivedanta Institute
  38. ^ Institute for Semantic Information Sciences and Technology
  39. ^ "‘Indian students should consider studying in China’". Hindustan Times. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 

External links[edit]