Bombesin

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Bombesin
Bombesin full.png
Identifiers
CAS number 31362-50-2 N
PubChem 16133891
ChemSpider 26286924 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL437027 N
IUPHAR ligand 616
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C71H110N24O18S
Molar mass 1619.85
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Bombesin is a 14-amino acid peptide[1] originally isolated from the skin of the European fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina).[2] It has two known homologs in mammals called neuromedin B and gastrin-releasing peptide. It stimulates gastrin release from G cells. It activates three different G-protein-coupled receptors known as BBR1, -2, and -3.[3] It also activates these receptors in the brain. Together with cholecystokinin, it is the second major source of negative feedback signals that stop eating behaviour.[4]

Bombesin is also a tumor marker for small cell carcinoma of lung, gastric cancer, and neuroblastoma.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gonzalez N, Moody TW, Igarashi H, Ito T, Jensen RT (February 2008). "Bombesin-related peptides and their receptors: recent advances in their role in physiology and disease states". Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity 15 (1): 58–64. doi:10.1097/MED.0b013e3282f3709b. PMC 2631407. PMID 18185064. 
  2. ^ "Isolation and Structure of Bombesin and Alytesin, two Analogous Active Peptides from the Skin of the European Amphibians Bombina and Alytes" by A. ANASTASI, V. ERSPAMER and M. BuccI http://download.springer.com/static/pdf/258/art%253A10.1007%252FBF02145873.pdf?auth66=1384653010_1b792225201410812f5c123e46ce10a5&ext=.pdf
  3. ^ Weber HC (February 2009). "Regulation and signaling of human bombesin receptors and their biological effects". Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity 16 (1): 66–71. doi:10.1097/med.0b013e32831cf5aa. PMID 19115523. 
  4. ^ Yamada K, Wada E, Wada K (November 2000). "Bombesin-like peptides: studies on food intake and social behaviour with receptor knock-out mice". Annals of Medicine 32 (8): 519–29. doi:10.3109/07853890008998831. PMID 11127929. 
  5. ^ Ohlsson B, Fredäng N, Axelson J (December 1999). "The effect of bombesin, cholecystokinin, gastrin, and their antagonists on proliferation of pancreatic cancer cell lines". Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 34 (12): 1224–9. PMID 10636070.