Bombogor (Evenk chief)

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Dular Bombogor (Chinese: 博木博果尔 or 杜拉尔·博穆博果尔, pinyin: Bomboguoer) (Yaksa, ? - Mukden, 1640) was an Evenk chief, leader of the Evenk federation. His power base laid on the basin of the Amur river

In 1638, the Qing Emperor Hung Taiji sent general Samshika against Bombogor but his campaign failed to subdue Evenk resistance.[1]

In December 1639, Hung Taiji sent another large force to the Amur. This force penetrated deep into Solon territory, reaching the Kumara River.[1] The Battle of Gualar was fought between 2 Manchu regiments and a detachment of 500 Solons and Daurs[2] led by Bombogor.

In May of 1640, the Manchus assaulted the Evenk fortresses of Duochen, Asajin, Yakesa, and Duojin; capturing all four of them and large numbers of horses, cattle, pelts and slaves.[1]

Although Bombogor continued his resistance he was losing support, the Evenks were no match for the powerful Manchu armies and many Solons switched their allegiance to the Manchu Khan.[1]

In August 1640 Hung Taiji sent general Xiteku against Bombogor. The latter fled to Mongolia, but Xiteku caught up with him in the vicinity of Qiluotai, capturing his baggage train, wives and children.[1] Bombogor was captured and taken to Mukden where he was executed.[3] With Bombogor's death Evenk resistance collapsed and the Manchu secured control of the Amur peoples. The Evenks and other local peoples were absorbed into the Eight Banners.[4]

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e USSR Academy of Sciences 1983, p.82-83
  2. ^ А.М.Пастухов (A.M. Pastukhov) К вопросу о характере укреплений поселков приамурских племен середины XVII века и значении нанайского термина «гасян» (Regarding the fortification techniques used in the settlements of the Amur Valley tribes in the mid-17th century, and the meaning of the Nanai word "гасян" (gasyan)) (Russian)
  3. ^ Kyle Crossley 2002, p.196
  4. ^ Peterson 2002, p.317

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