Bonaventure, Quebec

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Bonaventure
City
Skyline of Bonaventure
Location within Bonaventure RCM.
Location within Bonaventure RCM.
Bonaventure is located in Eastern Quebec
Bonaventure
Bonaventure
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°03′N 65°29′W / 48.050°N 65.483°W / 48.050; -65.483Coordinates: 48°03′N 65°29′W / 48.050°N 65.483°W / 48.050; -65.483[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Gaspésie–
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
RCM Bonaventure
Settled 1760
Constituted January 1, 1884
Government[2]
 • Mayor Serge Arsenault
 • Federal riding Gaspésie—
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
 • Prov. riding Bonaventure
Area[2][3]
 • Total 106.90 km2 (41.27 sq mi)
 • Land 104.15 km2 (40.21 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 2,775
 • Density 26.6/km2 (69/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 3.8%
 • Dwellings 1,294
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0C 1E0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 132
GNBC Code EQKCG
NTS Map 022A03
Website bonaventure
gaspesie.com

Bonaventure is a town on the Gaspé Peninsula in the Bonaventure Regional County Municipality of Quebec. It is located on Baie des Chaleurs near the mouth of the Bonaventure River. The town is situated on Route 132 between Saint-Siméon and New Carlisle.

The Quebec Acadian Museum (Musée Acadien du Québec) is located in the town.

The town was named after the Italian saint Bonaventure.

History[edit]

The first permanent European settlement of Bonaventure was in 1760 by Acadian refugees who had successfully avoided the expulsion of Acadians that had begun in 1755. Some of these early settlers were present at the Battle of Restigouche in July 1760, where a mixed force of French navy aided by Acadians were defeated by the Royal Navy. Many of today's Bonaventure residents are of Acadian descent.[4]

Prior to permanent settlement, the Bonaventure harbour had often been visited by Europeans and was the location of temporary camps and posts for many years before.

At the time of settlement, Bonaventure was located in lands possessed by France, but in 1763, after the Treaty of Paris, all of New France was ceded to Britain, and Bonaventure became part of British colony of the Province of Quebec. Later, some of the lands already settled by the Acadians were granted to anglophones, although after decades of petitioning the Quebéc government, some of the Acadian settlers were able to gain title to the lands they occupied. However, even as late as 1891, more than half of the homesteaders in this region had no legal title to the lands they lived on.[5][6]

Bonaventure was raided by Americans during the War of Independence.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Bonaventure, Quebec[9]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 2,844 —    
1996 2,884 +1.4%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 2,756 −4.4%
2006 2,673 −3.0%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 2,775 +3.8%

Language[edit]

Mother tongue language (2011)[10]

Language Population Pct (%)
French only 2,540 93.04%
English only 170 6.23%
Both English and French 15 0.55%
Other languages 5 0.18%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 325850 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b "Bonaventure". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  3. ^ a b c "Bonaventure census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  4. ^ Arsenault, Bona, History of the Acadians, 1994.
  5. ^ Gallant, abbé Patrice, Les Registres de La Gaspésie, 1961.
  6. ^ Legislature of Quebec, List of lands granted in the province of Quebec from 1763 to 31st December 1890, 1891.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  9. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  10. ^ 2011 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Bonaventure, Quebec

External links[edit]