Bonaventure (electoral district)

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This article is about the federal district. For the provincial district, see Bonaventure (provincial electoral district).

Bonaventure (later known as Bonaventure—Îles-de-la-Madeleine) was a federal electoral district in the province of Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1997. It was created as "Bonaventure" riding by the British North America Act of 1867.

History[edit]

In 1933, it was defined to consist of the county of Bonaventure and the municipalities of Ste-Florence, Ste-Marguerite-Marie and Causapscal (parish and village) in the county of Matapedia.

In 1947, it was redefined to consist only of the county of Bonaventure.

In 1952, parts of the county of Matapédia were added: the townships of Assemetquagan and Milnikek, the projected township of Roncevaux and, the township of Assemetquagan in the municipality of Saint-Fidèle-de-Ristigouche.

In 1966, it was defined to consist of the Counties of Bonaventure and Iles-de-la-Madeleine and the Townships of Milnikek and Assemetquagan in the County of Matapédia.

In 1976, it was defined to consist of:

  • the Towns of Carleton, Causapscal and New Richmond;
  • the Counties of Bonaventure and Iles-de-la-Madeleine; and
  • in the County of Matapédia: the parish municipalities of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur-de-Causapscal and Saint-Raphaël-d'Albertville; the municipalities of Saint-Edmond, Sainte-Florence and Sainte-Marguerite; the Township of Milnikek and that part of the Township of Assemetquagan without local municipal organization.

In 1987, it was defined to consist of

  • the towns of Carleton and New Richmond;
  • the County of Bonaventure excluding the following: the Parish Municipality of Sainte-Germaine-de-l'Anseaux-Gascons; the Township Municipality of Port-Daniel-Partie-Est; the Territory of Bonaventure-Routhierville portion; and
  • the County of Iles-de-la-Madeleine.

The riding's name was changed to "Bonaventure—Îles-de-la-Madeleine" in 1971.

The district was amalgamated into the Gaspé—Bonaventure—Îles-de-la-Madeleine electoral district in 1996.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding elected the following Members of Parliament:

  1. Théodore Robitaille, Conservative (1867–1879)
  2. Pierre-Clovis Beauchesne, Conservative (1879–1882)
  3. Louis-Joseph Riopel, Conservative (1882–1891)
  4. William LeBoutillier Fauvel, Liberal (1891–1897)
  5. Jean-François Guité, Liberal (1897–1900)
  6. Charles Marcil, Lieral (1900–1937)
  7. Pierre-Emile Cote, Liberal (1937–1940)
  8. J.-Alphée Poirier, Liberal (1940–1945)
  9. Bona Arsenault, Independent/Liberal (1945–1957)
  10. Nérée Arsenault, Progressive Conservative (1957–1958)
  11. Lucien Grenier, Progressive Conservative (1958–1962)
  12. Albert Béchard, Liberal (1962–1979)
  13. Rémi Bujold, Liberal (1979–1984)
  14. Darryl Gray, Progressive Conservative (1984–1993)
  15. Patrick Gagnon, Liberal (1993–1997)

Election results[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Théodore Robitaille 1,018
Unknown Tremblay 444
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Théodore Robitaille 999
Unknown J.R. Hamilton 232
Unknown A. Verge 2
By-election on 15 February 1873

On Mr. Robitaille's appointment as Receiver-General, 30 January 1873

Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Théodore Robitaille acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Théodore Robitaille 1,063
Unknown M. Tremblay 742
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Théodore Robitaille 1,014
Unknown W.H. Clapperton 825
By-election on 26 August 1879

Robitaille appointed Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, 26 July 1879

Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Pierre-Clovis Beauchesne acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Louis-Joseph Riopel acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Louis-Joseph Riopel 1,352
Liberal George Pierre Roy 994
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William LeBoutillier Fauvel 1,707
Conservative A.A. Laferriere 1,003
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William LeBoutillier Fauvel 1,644
Conservative George P. Roy 1,331
By-election on 17 March 1897

Fauvel's death, 8 February 1897

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Jean-François Guité 1,908
Conservative Charles Cyr 1,116
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Charles Marcil 1,567
Conservative Jean Baptiste Belanger 1,418
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Charles Marcil 2,280
Conservative Thomas Crockett 1,388
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Charles Marcil 2,408
Conservative Arthur Beauchesne 1,146
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Charles Marcil 2,444
Conservative Joseph-Alfred Mousseau 1,395
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Charles Marcil 4,131
Government (Unionist) Philippe Furois 1,236
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Charles Marcil 6,136
Conservative Thomas Robert Busteed 1,599
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Charles Marcil 4,344
Conservative Etienne Théodore Paquet 3,815
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Charles Marcil 6,164
Conservative Eugene Paquet 5,155
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Charles Marcil 5,894
Conservative Edward Andrew D. Morgan 5,848
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Charles Marcil 8,498
Conservative James Joseph Jessop 5,935
By-election on 22 March 1937

Marcil's death, 29 January 1937

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Pierre-Emile Cote 7,735
Conservative William O'Donnell 6,076
Independent Maurice Thibault 225
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal J.-Alphée Poirier 9,446
National Government Bona Arsenault 5,741
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes
Independent Bona Arsenault 7,885
Liberal John C. Gilker 6,605
Progressive Conservative Alexander Pratt 1,046
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Bona Arsenault 9,802
Progressive Conservative Edouard Dion 6,776
Independent Liberal Bertrand Tremblay 437
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Bona Arsenault 9,177
Progressive Conservative Jean-Augustin Goulet 6,446
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Nérée Arsenault 8,161
Liberal Bona Arsenault 7,903
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Lucien Grenier 9,135
Liberal André Dube 7,741
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Albert Béchard 7,559
Progressive Conservative Lucien Grenier 6,286
Social Credit Conrad-V. Audet 3,025
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Albert Béchard 9,092
Social Credit J.-O-Gérard Bernard 4,302
Progressive Conservative Lucien Grenier 2,785
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Albert Béchard 8,985
Progressive Conservative AURÈLE 6,236
Ralliement créditiste Gérard Audet 733
New Democratic Marc Boulard 251
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Albert Béchard 10,144
Ralliement créditiste Gérard Audet 4,240
Progressive Conservative Robert Bourdages 3,674
Independent Henri Chapados 680
New Democratic Bernard Martin 282
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Albert Béchard 12,213
Progressive Conservative Gérard-Raymond Blais 5,108
Social Credit Gérard Audet 4,842
New Democratic Huguette-L. Gauthier 480
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Albert Béchard 12,977
Progressive Conservative Gérard-Raymond Blais 6,884
New Democratic Huguette-L. Gauthier 1,313
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Rémi Bujold 15,777
Progressive Conservative Gilbert Carbonneau 11,641
New Democratic Huguette Gauthier 1,514
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Rémi Bujold 19,193
Progressive Conservative Marie Josée Pinard 5,063
New Democratic John Foran 1,568
Rhinoceros Louis Philippe Tulip Leblanc 917
Social Credit Gérard Bernard 528
Rhinoceros Jacques Simard 391
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Darryl Gray 15,502
Liberal Rémi Bujold 13,689
New Democratic Martin Cauvier 1,040
Independent Sylvain Sauvé 440
Commonwealth of Canada Jacques Bernier 280
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Darryl Gray 15,491
Liberal Lyse Routhier 9,296
New Democratic Germaine Poirier 1,546
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Patrick Gagnon 12,334
Bloc Québécois Michel Saint-Pierre 9,228
Progressive Conservative Darryl L. Gray 6,019
New Democratic Germaine Poirier 377

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Riding history from the] Library of Parliament: