Bone (comics)

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Bone
Cover of the first Bone issue; the same image is used for the cover of Bone: Handbook and for Bone: Out From Boneville
Publication information
Publisher Cartoon Books (self-published)
Image Comics (issues #21-27)
Schedule Bimonthly, with several delays
Format Limited series
Genre Comedy, High fantasy
Publication date July 1991 – June 2004
Number of issues 55
Creative team
Writer(s) Jeff Smith
Artist(s) Jeff Smith
Colorist(s) Steve Hamaker

Bone is an independently published comic book series, written and illustrated by Jeff Smith, originally serialized in 55 irregularly released issues from 1991 to 2004.

Smith's black-and-white drawings were inspired by animated cartoons and comic strips, a notable influence being Walt Kelly's Pogo: "I was ... a big fan of Carl Barks and Pogo, so it was just natural for me to want to draw that kind of mixture of Walt Kelly and Moebius."[1] Accordingly, the story is singularly characterized by a combination of both light-hearted comedy and dark, epic fantasy: Time Magazine has called the series "as sweeping as the Lord of the Rings cycle, but much funnier."[2] The series was published bimonthly with some delays from June 1991 to June 2004. The series was self-published by Smith's Cartoon Books for issues #1 through #19, by Image Comics from issues #20 to #28, and back to Cartoon Books for issues #29 through #55 (the final one).

Bone has received numerous awards, among them ten Eisner Awards[3][4][5][6][7] and eleven Harvey Awards.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

Story[edit]

The series centers on the Bone cousins, white, bald cartoon caricatures. In the opening pages of Out from Boneville the three Bone cousins—avaricious Phoncible P. "Phoney" Bone, goofy cigar-smoking Smiley Bone, and everyman character Fone Bone—have been run out of their hometown of Boneville after Phoney's campaign for mayor went awry. After crossing a desert, the cousins are separated by a sea of locusts and individually ending up in the mysterious Valley and must make their way across the fantasy landscape pursued by rat creatures. They joyously reunite at a local tavern called Barrelhaven, where they are taken in by a mysterious girl named Thorn and her even more enigmatic grandmother. Fone Bone instantly develops a crush on Thorn when he meets her, and repeatedly attempts to express his love through poetry. As they stay longer in the valley, they encounter humans and other creatures who are threatened by a dark entity, the Lord of the Locusts. The Bones are quickly drawn into the events around them, compelling them on a hero's journey to help free the Valley.

Although Boneville is never actually shown in the story, it is implied as technologically contemporary: Fone refers to its extensive downtown and has comics for Smiley and a novel of Moby Dick in his pack, Phoney carries dollar bills, and Smiley refers to a PizzaInACup™ and a CornDogHut™.[volume & issue needed] In contrast, the Valley is depicted as somewhat medieval, in as much as its citizens employ a bartering system, weapons and modes of transportation similar to those of the Middle Ages, and Phoney persistently refers to the valley people as "yokels".

Publication history[edit]

Jeff Smith, the creator of the series, posing in 2011 at an event in New York.

According to Jeff Smith, the earliest forerunner drawings of what later became Bone and his cousins occurred when he was about five, and sitting in his living room drawing, and he drew what looked like an old C-shaped telephone handset receiver, which emerged as a frowning character with its mouth wide open. Elements of that character and its demeanor found their way into the character Phoney Bone, the upset cousin to Bone. His name is derived from Fonebone, the generic surname that Don Martin gave to many of the characters that appeared in his Mad magazine strips.[17] Smith began to create comics with the Bone characters as early as 1970, when he was about 10 years old.[18]

A major influence on Smith was Scrooge McDuck creator Carl Barks. Alluding to Barks' influence on Bone, Smith commented, "I always wanted Uncle Scrooge to go on a longer adventure. I thought, 'Man, if you could just get a comic book of that quality, the length of say, War and Peace, or The Odyssey or something, that would be something I would love to read, and even as a kid I looked everywhere for that book, that Uncle Scrooge story that was 1,100 pages long."[17] Another influence on Bone, and Smith's biggest influence in writing comics in general, however, is Walt Kelly.[17][19][20]

Specific literary works that influenced Bone include Smith's favorite book, Moby Dick. Smith, who cites its multi-layered narrative and symbolism, placed numerous references to it in Bone. He has also cited Huckleberry Finn as a story after which he attempted to pattern Bone structurally, explaining, "the kinds of stories I’m drawn to, like Huckleberry Finn, are the ones that start off very simple, almost like children’s stories...but as it goes on, it gets a little darker, and the themes become a little more sophisticated and more complex—and those are really the kinds of stories that just get me going." Other influences in this regard include the original Star Wars trilogy, J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings and the classic fairy tales and mythologies that inspired those works.[17]

While Smith attended the Ohio State University, he created a comic strip called "Thorn" for the student newspaper, The Lantern, which included some of the characters who later featured in the Bone.[21][22]

After college, Smith and his friends produced animation work on commission in their studio, Character Builders Inc., but Smith eventually came to decide that it was not the type of cartooning he wished to do. Drawn to the idea that he could produce his own animated-type story but in the comics medium, and convinced by Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns and Art Spiegelman's Maus that a serious comic book with a beginning, middle and end structure was both artistically and commercially viable, Smith decided to produce Bone.[17]

In 1991, Smith launched his company, Cartoon Books, to publish the series.[23] Initially, Smith self-published the book, which meant that he did all the work required to both produce and distribute the series as a business himself, including answering letters, doing all the graphics and lettering (which he did by hand), sending the artwork to the printer, handling orders and bookkeeping. This made it difficult to focus on writing and drawing the book, and as a result, he fell behind in his production. To remedy this, he asked his wife, Vijaya, to quit her lucrative job at a Silicon Valley startup company in order to run the business side of Bone as the President of Cartoon Books. As a result, Smith was able to refocus on drawing, and sales improved.[17] In 1995, Smith began publishing Bone through Image Comics. Smith believed this would be a temporary arrangement, and to maintain the book's place in catalogs, the collected volumes remained under the Cartoon Books label.[24] During the title's time at Image, the first 27 issues were reprinted by Image with new covers, which are distinguished by the Image logo in the upper left hand corner of the cover. The Cartoon Books printings have black back covers, inset with a single panel reprinted from inside. First printings can be distinguished from later printings by changes in the color of the logo on the front cover. The comic and its story ended with its 55th issue, dated June 2004. The back cover has, in place of the usual comic panel, a black-and-white photo of Smith in his studio drawing the last page on May 10. In an interview on Attack of the Show, Smith revealed that he drew the last page before working on the first issue.[25] The 55 issues have been collected into the following volumes.

Individual volumes[edit]

Volume Title Original ed. Colored ed.
1 Out from Boneville (originally released as The Complete Bone Adventures volume 1) 1995 2005
2 The Great Cow Race (originally released as The Complete Bone Adventures volume 2) 1995 2005
3 Eyes of the Storm (originally released, minus issue 20, as The Complete Bone Adventures volume 3) 1996 2006
4 The Dragonslayer 1997 2006
5 Rock Jaw: Master of the Eastern Border 1998 2007
6 Old Man's Cave 1999 2007
7 Ghost Circles 2001 2008
8 Treasure Hunters 2002 2008
9 Crown of Horns 2004 2009

Other books published in the color series but not part of the main storyline are the prequel Rose, illustrated by Charles Vess; the Bone Handbook; and Tall Tales, which has a new story surrounding reprints of the Big Johnson Bone story, the Disney Adventures story, and a few new tales.

Issues from the Out From Boneville collection were also reprinted in the digest-sized children's magazine Disney Adventures, first in 1994 and later in 1997 through 1998.[26] The issues usually consisted of 7–9 pages a month and were coloured. The pages were also censored to remove smoking and drinking references and any innuendo involving Thorn and Fone Bone.[citation needed] There was also an exclusive story for Disney Adventures by Smith, featuring Fone and Phoney following a "treasure map".

The series was split into three story arcs, each having two names, one being the original arc name, the other being the name used in the one volume edition, respectively as follows. The first arc lasted from issues #1-20 (volumes #1-3, June 1991-August 1995) being named Vernal Equinox, or The Valley.[27] It was the longest running arc (in terms of time) running for four years and one month. The main story in issue #13.5, "Up on the Roof", was reprinted as chapter six in the The Great Cow Race collected edition, therefore making it part of Vernal Equinox. The second arc was named Solstice, or Phoney Strikes Back. The arc lasted from issues #21-39 (volumes #4-6, October 1995-August 1999). It is tied as the longest running arc in issues with the third arc (lasting 19 issues). The third arc, Harvest or Friends & Enemies, lasted from issues #40-58 (volumes #7-9, August 2000-June 2004).

Color editions[edit]

From February 2005 to January 2009, Scholastic Inc. (through its new Graphix imprint) began reissuing in both hardcover and paperback the individual volumes in full color by Steve Hamaker. In 2006, HarperCollins began publishing the full color editions for the UK market.[28]

In the color editions, the following changes were made:

  • These editions correct some spelling errors, such as "kewpie-doll" for "cupie-doll" and "kowtow" for "cowtow."
  • Some lines of dialogue were completely rewritten for these versions, and some story pages were added and others removed. One example of new material in Eyes of the Storm is Thorn and Fone in the garden talking about Ghost Circles. Four pages were excluded from the conversation between Thorn, Gran'ma and Fone in The Dragonslayer. In Rock Jaw, the two rat creatures talk about Ghost Circles as well, which did not happen in the original issues and black-and-white paperbacks.
  • Much of the dialogue on the remaining pages was edited as well, replaced with shorter lines.
  • In the same book, the frames from the last pages were completely rearranged, and some of the original ones were removed.

The series was also reprinted in color under HarperCollins Children's Books, the fourth individual reprinting for the first 3 volumes and the third individual reprinting for the last 6 volumes. The first three volumes have been published in 2005, 2007, and 2009, respectively, though it is unclear whether the last six volumes will be reprinted.

One volume edition[edit]

Cover art of Bone: The Complete Cartoon Epic in One Volume

The special 1,332 page, one volume edition (ISBN 1-888963-14-X) was released originally for $40 (USD) through Jeff Smith's Cartoon Books imprint in a paperback volume. This special print of the entire adventure was to celebrate the recent end of the series and the commencement of every collection in the series being reprinted in color through Scholastic Press. First released in 2004 and promoted as only a limited print run being available, this edition has had several reprintings to keep it available.

In addition to the one volume paperback, a signed limited edition hardcover edition of the one volume book was issued. The deluxe hardcover featured gold embossed lettering on the cover, gilded edges, and a cloth ribbon bookmark. The end pages are printed with a map of The Valley and it comes with a full-color signed and numbered bookplate. This limited edition pressing of the book originally sold for around $125 (USD) and was initially limited to 2,000 copies. The series has been reprinted 13 times, also featuring a signed limited edition of the 13th pressing version sold during November 2009.

The collection won the 2005 Eisner Award for Best Graphic Album Reprint,[29] and was listed at #3 in Time magazine's "Best Comix of 2004". Reviewer Andrew Arnold said of the collection, which was published at the conclusion of the monthly series, "As sweeping as the Lord of the Rings cycle, but much funnier...Smith imbues even simple dialogue panels with animation. Now that it's finished Bone should join the ranks of Lord of the Rings and Harry Potter in the young adult pantheon."[2]

Full Color One Volume Edition[edit]

In November 2011, for its 20th anniversary, a full color one volume edition was released. It has a special section in the back with a cover gallery of the original comics, an illustrated timeline of Bone's 20 year history, and an essay by author Jeff Smith. A special edition was also released that included the book, a signed print by Jeff Smith, a Phoney Bone gold coin, three pewter bone figures of Fone Bone, Phoney Bone and Smiley Bone, a copy of The Cartoonist documentary DVD, a miniature facsimile of the original Bone comic #1 and a big red box with a picture of Fone on it to hold it all.[30]

Spin-offs and special one-shots[edit]

Spin-offs[edit]

Both prequels and sequels to the main storyline.

  • Thorn: Tales From the Lantern: During college, Jeff Smith produced a series of comic strips that serve as a beta-version of the Bone series, though with the Bone cousins Fone and Phoney as supporting cast members and Thorn as the main character. The strips correspond with the first 28 issues of the Bone series, and was collected as a trade paperback after Smith graduated in 1989. It sold merely a thousand copies, and is currently out of print. It can still be found for sale online however.
  • Bone: Tall Tales, the events show Smiley and Bartleby after the events in the main series. It features them telling tall tales to three bone brothers (Ringo, Bingo and Todd). It is a repackaging of Stupid, Stupid Rat Tales, including a Disney Adventures short and new material. It was released on August 1, 2010. This spin-off mainly focuses on Big Johnson Bone's (ancestor to the Bone cousins) adventures, some time before the cousins' adventures in the Valley, though there is one short with Fone and Phoney follow a 'treasure map', which is later revealed as a joke by Thorn, who wanted the two to do the laundry. One story with Big Johnson Bone depicts his discovery of the Valley with his monkey, Pip. In Bone Vol. 7, Ghost Circles, Bartleby mentions that before Rat Creatures had 'long, beautiful, hairless tails,' which have to be cut off when the Rat Creature reaches one year of age, out of fear that they will dragged away by their tails by a monster named Jekk. In Tall Tales, the Jekk is revealed to be Big Johnson Bone, who swung them around by their tails when they attacked him, and due to this (and the fact the Queen and her son had their tails removed by Big Johnson) they decided to cut their tails so they could never be used against them again. In this, the Royal Rat Creatures grow to be quite large, possibly explaining Kingdok, the Rat Creature ruler, to be of such great size comparatively to the other Rat Creatures. The Red Dragon also appears in the story.[31][32]
  • Bone Handbook is a 128-page handbook that chronicles the series and is accompanied by sketches, interviews, etc. The book was released in February 2010.
  • Bone: Legacy, a trilogy of illustrated prose novels, written by Tom Sniegoski, following the adventures of new Bones in their quest in the valley. The first volume, Quest for the Spark, was released on February 1, 2011. A few of the characters from the original series are in the story, such as the Two Stupid Rat Creatures and Roderick the Raccoon, from the fifth trade paperback collection, Rock Jaw, Master of the Eastern Border. Thorn Harvestar and Gran'ma Ben are also in the trilogy. And in the book, the Bone cousins are mentioned in passing, though have no major part in the volume.[31][33] Part II: Quest for the Spark was released on February 1, 2012. The story continues from Part 1 against the Nacht, a dark creature that puts nearly everyone in the valley to sleep.[34] Part III was released on February 1, 2013.[35]

Special one-shots[edit]

  • Bone: Holiday Special ("Hero" Premiere Edition)

(1993, Warrior Publications, 14 pages) This was a Hero Premiere Edition bundled with Hero Illustrated magazine. It includes a short story where the Bone cousins celebrate Winter Solstice, and also a Jeff Smith interview and sketches. It is featured in the Crown of Horns collection and the final issue of the series.

  • Bone #13 ½

(Jan 1995, Wizard, 28 pages) This was a free comic book mail-in offer through Wizard magazine. As was also common with Wizard magazine comic offers, there was a special gold foil cover variant where the Bone title on the cover is embossed in gold foil. It came in a rigid mylar sleeve and a certificate of authenticity. There is a short story that fits in between #13 and #14 of the regular series, and is included in Bone Vol. 2: The Great Cow Race. This special also includes a Jeff Smith interview and sketches.

  • Bone Sourcebook

(1995, Image Comics, 16 pages with wrap-around cover) This was a free promotional book given out at 1995 San Diego Comic-con and it also polybagged with Wizard magazine. This sourcebook was published to celebrate the move of the Bone series from self-publishing to Image Comics, where it stayed for only 7 issues before Jeff Smith took it back to self-publishing.[36]

It includes an Introduction by Jeff Smith & biography, character profiles, color poster by Jim Lee, story timeline, upcoming storyline, and shipping schedule.

  • Bone #1 Tenth Anniversary Edition

(2001, Cartoon Books)

To celebrate its 10-year anniversary, a special color edition of Bone #1 was released with a free collectible Fone Bone PVC figure and a full color Phoney Bone Gazillion dollar bill. This special edition included a new cover, a new afterword by Jeff Smith, and an illustrated eight-page commentary by comics historian R. C. Harvey, and the original artwork was digitally remastered in full color.

Characters[edit]

Main characters
  • Fone Bone, The hero of the series, Fone Bone is the most courageous of the Bones. He and his cousin Smiley Bone help their other cousin Phoney Bone escape from Boneville after he upset the villagers, and get stuck in the valley. He is passionate about his favorite book, Moby-Dick, and is the most level-headed and the smartest of the three Bone cousins. He has an unrequited crush on Thorn Harvestar. Fone Bone is very wary of his cousin Phoney's schemes, and always suspects him of something. The suspicion usually turns out right, and Fone is often angered by Phoney not seeming to care about the Valley, (or the people in it) as Phoney constantly tries to leave to return to Boneville. After the Hooded One realizes Phoney Bone is not the person she needs to complete her ritual to revive Mim, the queen of the dragons, and realizes that Thorn was too powerful for her to control, she then seeks Fone, for in Ghost Circles, Vol. 7 of the series, it is revealed that Fone has the Locust inside him too, which likely came from either his encounter in Rock Jaw, Master of the Eastern Border, when he is knocked off a cliff, or in Old Man's Cave, when he rescues Thorn from the locusts by putting the Dragon Necklace on her. It is later taken out in Ghost Circles by Thorn, who took it herself, because she was told to by her dead mother in a Ghost Circle. This remains unknown by Fone until Crown of Horns, when they try to destroy the locust by touching the sacred Crown of Horns. He saves the day by touching the Crown of Horns while holding Thorn's hand, who is incapacitated on the ground, stuck in Kingdok's jaws, whom she killed. There they are given a choice to live or die, (there is a bright light; the light is supposedly the afterlife/heaven) both who choose 'live'. Thorn and Fone are both given pieces of the Crown of Horns as teeth which were knocked out in a fight with Tarsil's followers. The teeth apparently cause rapid healing of the two's injuries. His name is derived from Fonebone, the recurring surname that Don Martin gave to many of the characters that appeared in his Mad magazine strips.[37] Wizard magazine ranked Fone Bone as the 28th greatest comic book character of all time.[38] IGN also ranked Fone Bone as the 60th greatest comic book hero of all time stating that his good nature and his unrequited love for his ally Thorn make Fone the heart and soul of this fantastical book.[39]
  • Phoncible P. "Phoney" Bone, Manipulative and greedy, Phoney Bone is the least courageous of the Bones and he will do anything to get rich. Run out of Boneville by an angry mob of villagers after trying to run for mayor of Boneville, his greediness and selfishness makes an enemy of anyone who crosses him in the valley. Referred to as "The One Who Bears The Star" (due to the star on the t-shirt he wears) by the Hooded One, Phoney is sought after by the Rat Creature army though he does not know why (later it's revealed that the Hooded One erroneously believed a giant balloon of Phoney used in his campaign for mayor of Boneville that fell in her lair to be an omen that Phoney could be used to fulfill her agenda). Fone says that part of the reason for his cousin's resourcefulness and greed may be that Phoney, as the oldest of the Bone trio, raised his two cousins when they were young, poor orphans. Though he is selfish, he is very protective of his cousins when he needs to be and shows he really cares about them. For example, when he is approached by The Hooded One who proceeds to threaten Fone Bone, Phoncible becomes angry and warns The Hooded One to stay away from Fone. He also shows his courageous side, because despite his complaints throughout the story and appearing to run away in the last battle, he comes back in armor with reinforcements ready for battle. To his dismay, they arrive right as the battle ended. However he still claims he is a hero.
  • Smiley Bone, The tallest of the Bones and arguably the least intelligent, he plays a one-string instrument resembling a lute (but variously referred to throughout the series as a "banjo" or "guitar"). Smiley is often seen smoking a cigar, and often irritates characters with his simple-mindedness, even when seeking to help people, as when Lucius refers to Smiley's help as "torture".[volume & issue needed] He takes kindly to a rat creature cub, whom he names Bartleby, and through his nurturing of Bartleby, depth is revealed in his character. When he and his cousins were children, Phoney made him steal pies off windowsills, because he was the tallest, and apparently they were poor to the point where they couldn't afford food. Phoney mentions that when he became rich, Smiley made him pay everyone back. Phoney Bone always employs Smiley in his scams, like in the great cow race (The Great Cow Race). Sometimes Smiley shows a penchant for intelligence, as when, in Bone Vol. 9 Crown of Horns, he devises a plan during the siege of Atheia. The plan is to feed the two stupid Rat Creatures (whom Smiley captured as they tried to infiltrate the city) quiche, then let them go "accidentally", so the Rat Creatures would tell their leaders that Atheia could withstand the siege, under the logic that if they could feed their prisoners quiche, they presumably have enough food to feed themselves making a siege hopeless. Smiley also has his serious, sad moments, as when, at the end of the story, he mourns Lucius, and expresses sadness at leaving the Valley.

Valley characters[edit]

Thorn Harvestar

Seemingly a simple farm girl, it is soon revealed that she is heir to the throne of Atheia. She is also the "veni-yan-cari" (the awakened one). Thorn has been shown to have excellent courage, as well as fantastic powers, such as escaping through a landslide blindfolded, flying, and jumping a castle wall without injuring herself. In a sense she can do anything if she can "concentrate her dreaming." Fone Bone falls in love with her at their first meeting. She starts off sweet and innocent, yet later in Treasure Hunters when the seriousness and reality of everything dawns on her she takes on a more mature and tougher personality.

Rose "Gran'ma" Ben (born Rose Harvestar)

Thorn's grandmother, a tough-as-nails farmer who races against cows on foot as a hobby, and always wins. An immensely strong person, it is revealed that she is the former Queen of Atheia who escaped to Barrelhaven with Lucius Down in order to protect and safeguard Thorn.

Lucius Down

A large, gruff, older man who was described as over seven feet tall and over 300 pounds. Lucius was so powerful he could scare even Euclid into submission. He runs the Barrelhaven Tavern, and was the foil for almost all of Phoney Bone's schemes. In the later books we find that Jonathan Oaks was like a son to him. He was previously Captain of the Queen's guard and it was hinted he had a history with Gran'ma Ben, only to reveal later that he had 'picked the wrong girl', instead falling in love with her sister, Briar, whose motive in the affair was to hurt Rose. He was later in love with Rose Harvestar. Before the Rat Creatures destroy his tavern, he relocates to Old Man's cave, where he becomes Captain of an ill-equipped infantry of Barrelhaven farmers. After the volcano erupts, he leads the farmers and Veni Yan south, arriving in time for the battle on Sinner's Rock. When the Hooded One prepared to kill Rose, Lucius grabs onto her just as her master, the Lord of the Locust, is destroyed; the resulting surge in power incinerates Briar and kills Lucius. His body is later taken north and buried behind the rebuilt Barrelhaven Tavern.

The Great Red Dragon

The son of the great dragon Mim, The Great Red Dragon is often Fone Bone's last-minute savior. The Red Dragon appears when he is most needed. Gran'ma Ben does not trust him, regardless of how many times he has saved her or her friends from harm. The Great Red Dragon seems to be incredibly ancient. In a sequence that shows the land during the Dragons' reign, supposedly the beginning of time, the Great Red Dragon can be seen fighting Mim along with other dragons. As said in the prequel Stupid, Stupid Rat Tails, he is Mim's son and he was part of the group that trapped her in stone when the Valley was made. He took care of Thorn during the Great War while Rose searched for a place for them to hide. He is also seen at the end of Stupid, Stupid Rat-tails during the time of Boneville's founding by Big Johnson Bone. Fone Bone indicates that he has a baritone voice.[40]

Jonathan Oaks

A small, often outspoken villager who works for Lucius at the Barrelhaven, and views Lucius as a hero. Though he was saved from an ambush from the rat creatures in Old Man's Cave, it is revealed that he died subsequently, in the Veni Yan infirmary.

Wendell

One of Lucius' tough "bar-room boys" and the tinsmith of Barrelhaven. Outspoken in the early issues (he and Euclid have more than once threatened to trounce Phoney Bone), he became more introverted once the reality of the war presented itself. He often changes sides and his mind. He goes from hating the Bones and stick-eaters to following them and them hating the Bones again. He seems to be a powerful ally to have in his village and is often is followed by the villagers when he changes sides. Despite his skinny appearance, he is implied to be just as strong as Euclid.

Euclid

Along with Jonathan and Wendell, one of the "bar-room boys". He is depicted as very large and muscular, and often wishes to resort to physical force to solve problems. He is consumed by a ghost circle after the volcano explosion, but returns after Thorn destroys the ghost circles.

Rory

A third bar-room boy. Is almost always present near Wendell, Euclid, and Jonathan, but rarely speaks. None of his comments give much of a hint to his personality. It is implied that he is a total follower with little or no influence.

Ted

A helpful Acanalonia bivittata, or planthopper, who appears as a recurring supporting character. Often mistaken for a leaf, Ted is the first creature Fone Bone encounters when he enters the valley and the two become fast friends. He harbors a strange link to the Red Dragon and has an older brother who is several hundred times his size. He is able to perform magical enchantments and has the ability to detect Ghost Circles.

Miss Possum

Mother to the three possum kids, she is likewise a caring, motherly figure to everyone in the valley. She often has something to give to Fone Bone when she sees him, such as sealing putty, which Fone mistakenly eats a little.

The Possum Kids

Three young possums with a thirst for adventure. They have a knack for getting into trouble which then Fone Bone saves them, but they are resourceful and cunning. The possums look suspiciously like Pogo the possum from Walt Kelly's comic strip.

Mountain creatures[edit]

The Hooded One (Briar Harvestar)

Servant of the Lord of the Locusts, Kingdok's superior, and the main antagonist. It is implied that The Hooded One is a former Veni Yan warrior, as she wears a similar robe and hood. It is later revealed that the Hooded One is Briar Harvestar, the elder sister of Gran'ma Ben and the grandaunt of Thorn. Briar was made to feel inferior to her sister when she was younger, and when the Rat Creatures invaded in the great war, she betrayed the Royal family by leading them to the Rat Creatures. When the King, Thorn's father, learned of this betrayal, he cut her in half with an abandoned harvesting scythe, which the Hooded One now carries as a weapon that can now cut through steel and rock. Briar was possessed and resurrected by a swarm of locusts. She is killed when her master, the Lord of the Locusts, is destroyed. It is suggested by some of her actions throughout the storyline that being the servant of the Lord of the Locusts drove her insane.

Kingdok

A giant rat creature, ruler of the horde of rat creatures and lackey of the Lord of the Locusts. Although he is ego-maniacal and cruel, he is prone to superstition and easily manipulated by The Hooded One. He carries a golden spiked club around with him, until Thorn cuts off his right arm. Roque Ja at one point attacks Kingdok and rips out his tongue, which he keeps as a trophy. A possible continuity error is that while Roque Ja is bragging about owning the tongue, Kingdok cannot speak, but later speaks clearly to the Hooded One; after that, he attempts to say "kill you", and it comes out "gill yoo", just as one would speak without a tongue. This may be an effect of the Hooded One's power; while the Hooded One is alive he can speak, but after she is destroyed he cannot. At the end of the novel, he faces Thorn before she can touch the Crown of Horns. He tells her that "Either she kills him or he kills her", because he wants to die. He states that he is tired of being the Hooded One's puppet. Thorn does not want to kill him, even though he goads her by reminding her that he was the one who killed her parents (he even tells her that he fed on Thorn's mother while she was still alive). She tries to dart towards the Crown of Horns, but Kingdok bites her leg. Given no choice, Thorn then drives her sword into Kingdok, killing him. He was succeeded by King Agak.

Fone Bone's Two Rat Creatures

Two rat creature soldiers, one blue, one brown, who have a particular interest in devouring the Bone cousins, and Fone Bone in particular. The two are rather incompetent, once deserting the army after their disobedience costs Kingdok his arm and later allying with the Bones briefly before returning to their own side. They address each other as "comrade". Fone Bone is the one who dubs the two "Stupid, Stupid Rat Creatures" (Most commonly when they are hanging off the side of a cliff. Occasionally other characters also refer to them as such; Fone Bone is also usually credited with coining the term "Rat Creatures" itself; however, he actually got the name from the possum kids). In Rat Creature tradition only royalty are allowed to have names, but in the spin-off novels "Quest for the Spark" two young Bones gave them the names "Stinky" and "Smelly".

As it stands, the proper name of their species appears to be Hairy Men. Named after some incidents where one, or both, clearly emphasize their title, they in turn call Fone Bone "Small Mammal". In a running gag throughout the series, the brown rat creature often suggests cooking Fone Bone in a quiche. The other rat creature then flies into a rage, insisting that 'dainty pastry foods' are 'unfit for monsters', and that they should eat him in a stew — though he did once in a fit of anger declare an intention of eating Fone Bone raw, and on another occasion, when they were starving, told his comrade that he wouldn't mind some of his home-made quiche. Later, Fone Bone himself delivered to the two some 'piping hot quiche' when he found them shivering in a bush after the Hooded One's defeat. They also have a major role in Quest for the Spark.

Bartleby

A purplish baby rat creature found by Fone Bone and adopted as a pet by Smiley Bone (who also gave him his name). After the Bones' first encounter with Roque Ja, Bartleby returns to the fold of the Rat Creatures, though is out of place there and returns to the Bones later after growing a little. He became a good friend to Smiley and when they left for Boneville, he went with them. Bartleby was named by Shaenon K. Garrity,[41] for the title character in the short story "Bartleby, the Scrivener" by Herman Melville. Unlike the other Rat Creatures, Bartleby has round ears. He explains that the Rat Creatures are supposed to get their ears cropped and that he ran away before they could do that to him. Bartleby also explains that the first time he ran away from the Rat Creatures was after he got his tail chopped off. He states that all Rat Creatures are born with beautiful, long, hairless tails, but all the Rat Creature cubs have their tails chopped off around the time they turn one year old. This is due to their belief that a sort of boogie man named 'The Jekk' will drag them away in their sleep by their tails. In the prequel book Stupid, Stupid, Rat-Tails, we learn that the Bone cousins' forefather 'Big Johnson Bone' is the fabled boogie man they fear, having come to the Valley hundreds of years earlier and fighting the Rat Creatures by swinging them around by their tails. In a sequence depicting the land during the Dragons' rule, Rat Creatures with long tails can be seen in the distance.

Roque Ja (Rock Jaw)

A huge mountain lion bigger than Kingdok who views himself as neutral in the conflict between the humans and the Lord of the Locusts despite lopsided affiliations. He is the guardian of the Eastern Border. His personal views are that there is no such thing as "good" and "evil", only that power matters above all and that friendship and love is meaningless. He despises both Dragons and Rat Creatures but works for the Hooded One in exchange for land and spoils of war. His name is mispronounced as 'Rock Jaw' by the Bone cousins.

Roderick and the Orphans

Roderick is a young raccoon whose parents were killed and eaten by the two stupid rat creatures. He is the leader of a large group of orphaned animal children living in the mountains. Roderick is the only one named, and the complete group consists of a beaver, a boar, a second raccoon, two birds, a rabbit, a porcupine, a turtle, two snakes, a squirrel, and a chipmunk. Roderick the Raccoon is a main character in the Quest for the Spark, though he is now older and friends with Tom Elm, another main character in the trilogy.

King Agak

The new Rat Creature king in Bone: Legacy, who replaces Kingdok following the latter's death. Like Kingdok, he hates the two Stupid Rat Creatures. After the duo steal a dead squirrel from him, he becomes obsessed with revenge. Agak and his army are starving, and are convinced that they can cure their hunger by eating the Bones.

Others[edit]

The Lord of the Locusts

The unseen dark lord who orchestrates much of the saga's villainy. He is an evil, formless "nightmare" trapped inside a mountain, and appears in the form of a locust swarm to his chief henchman, the Hooded One. He was killed when Fone Bone and Thorn (with a piece of the Locust in her) touched the Crown of Horns.

Mim

The original queen of the dragons, believed to be the creator of the valley, who was possessed by the Lord of the Locusts, and turned to stone by the other dragons. Her awakening was said to be the end of the world, but when the Lord of the Locusts was destroyed, an aged Mim returned to her function followed by all of the other Dragons besides the Great Red Dragon.

The Veni Yan ("stick-eaters")

A mysterious clan of hooded warriors. Distrusted by the townsfolk (who came up with the derogatory term "stick-eater") but trusted by Lucius, though often they do not trust him in return.

Headmaster

The leader of the Venu and most powerful soldier. He is distinguished with a fur vest with bronze tokens. In the series, two appear. The first is the current one who has a feeling that the world is ending. The second one is retired in the city of Atheia and is the headmaster that appears in "Rose".

Tarsil

The ruthless leader of the Vedu. He has a large scar down the length of his face and claims that the scar was obtained while fighting dragons. He wears a large earring on one ear, and his beard in two separate parts each wrapped in a piece of cloth. He does not respect the monarchy of Aethia claiming that the throne is dead, even when Rose and Thorn return. He is killed by Briar (who had taken the form of his younger face and called herself handsome) in front of his own people.

The Vedu

A separatist group of Veni Yan who are led by Tarsil. Although they wear similar hoods to the Veni Yan they are distinguishable by the eye that they wear on their hoods. The Vedu do not worship, or even respect, dragons, claiming that they have all gone into hiding or are uncaring enough to ignore their people. They have kept order in Aethia for much of the time that Rose and Thorn were in exile, and claim that things are better that way. However some people disagree and continue to set out dragon shrines, which are removed by the Vedu.

Reception[edit]

Bone had only six issues published when it was selected for "Palmer's Picks" by Tom Palmer, Jr., who commented that "Smith's artwork is deceptively simple. He doesn't use much flash, yet he is a master of conveying gesture and body language for both humorous and dramatic effect." He also noted that "The series has only recently begun, yet it has been met with enormous amounts of critical praise from people ranging from Will Eisner to Peter David."[42]

Michael Arner from PopMatters.com was initially not impressed with the black and white artwork, and at first disappointed at the ending, hoping for a more conclusive dénouement. However, he ultimately praised the depth of the characterizations and Smith's ability to "mix humor and adventure perfectly."[43]

Bob's Comics Review described the work as "Tolkienesque" in its compulsive progression from a simple comic tale to a sprawling epic. Although critical of the earlier issues, the writer came to enjoy the range of writing "from slapstick (the cow race is a classic), to the scary yet hilarious rat creatures, to intimations of high fantasy." Smith's sense of timing was praised as well as the creator's use of the silent panel and "repeated scene with variations of movement or perspective."[44]

In 2004, TIME critic Andrew Arnold called Bone "the best all-ages graphic novel yet published."[45]

In 2010, a Minnesota parent sought to have Bone banned from all elementary school libraries in the Rosemount-Apple Valley-Eagan School District, citing references in the work to smoking, drinking, and gambling. After a hearing, a school district committee voted 10 to 1 to keep the books on the shelves.[46][47]

Awards[edit]

  • 1993 Eisner Award for Best Humor Publication[3]
  • 1994 Eisner Award for Best Serialized Story: "The Great Cow Race"; Bone #7-11
  • 1994 Eisner Award for Best Continuing Series
  • 1994 Eisner Award for Best Writer/Artist: Jeff Smith
  • 1994 Eisner Award for Best Humor Publication[4]
  • 1995 Eisner Award for Best Humor Publication
  • 1995 Eisner Award for Best Writer/Artist: Humor: Jeff Smith
  • 1995 Eisner Award for Best Continuing Series[5]
  • 1998 Eisner Award for Best Writer/Artist: Humor: Jeff Smith[6]
  • 2005 Eisner Award for Best Graphic Album: Reprint: Bone One Volume Edition[7]
  • 1994 Harvey Award for Best Cartoonist (Writer/Artist): Jeff Smith
  • 1994 Harvey Award Special Award for Humor: Jeff Smith
  • 1994 Harvey Award for Best Graphic Album of Previously Published Work: The Complete Bone Adventures; reissued in color as Bone: Out from Boneville (Scholastic Corporation)[8]
  • 1995 Harvey Award for Best Cartoonist (Writer/Artist): Jeff Smith[9]
  • 1996 Harvey Award for Best Cartoonist (Writer/Artist): Jeff Smith[10]
  • 1997 Harvey Award for Best Cartoonist (Writer/Artist): Jeff Smith[11]
  • 1999 Harvey Award for Best Cartoonist (Writer/Artist): Jeff Smith, for his body of work in 1998, including Bone[12]
  • 2000 Harvey Award for Best Cartoonist (Writer/Artist): Jeff Smith[13]
  • 2003 Harvey Award for Best Cartoonist (Writer/Artist): Jeff Smith[14]
  • 2005 Harvey Award for Best Cartoonist (Writer/Artist): Jeff Smith
  • 2005 Harvey Award for Best Graphic Album of Previously Published Work: Bone: One Volume Edition[15]

Nominations

  • 1993 Eisner Award for Best Writer/Artist: Jeff Smith[3]
  • 1995 Eisner Award for Best Single Issue: Bone #16: "Eyes of the Storm"
  • 1995 Eisner Award for Best Comics-Related Item: Bone figurine, sculpted by Jeff Smith and Randy Bowen[5]
  • 1996 Eisner Award for Best Title for Younger Readers[48]
  • 1998 Eisner Award for Best Continuing Series
  • 1998 Eisner Award for Best Comics-Related Product: Bone Red Dragon cold-cast statue, sculpted by Randy Bowen, based on designs by Jeff Smith
  • 1998 Eisner Award for Best Comics Publication for a Younger Audience[6]
  • 1999 Eisner Award for Best Comics-Related Product/Item: Phoney Bone inflatable[12]
  • 2003 Eisner Award for Best Graphic Album Reprint: Bone vol. 8: Treasure Hunters[14]
  • 2004 Eisner Award for Best Writer/Artist: Humor: Jeff Smith[49]
  • 2005 Eisner Award for Best Comics Publication for a Younger Audience[7]
  • 2006 Eisner Award for Best Coloring: Steve Hamaker, Bone: The Great Cow Race[50]
  • 2008 Eisner Award for Best Coloring: Steve Hamaker, Bone (vols. 5 and 6) and Shazam: Monster Society of Evil[51]

Other media[edit]

Film[edit]

In the late 1990s, an attempt was made by Nickelodeon Movies to produce a film based on Bone. Jeff Smith said in a 2003 interview that Nickelodeon had insisted on the Bone cousins being voiced by child actors, and wanted the film's soundtrack to include pop songs by the likes of N'Sync. Smith's response was that one would never insert pop songs in the middle of The Lord of the Rings or The Empire Strikes Back, and therefore pop songs should not be placed in Bone either.[52]

On March 9, 2008, Cinematical.com announced that Warner Bros. had bought the film rights to the series.[53] Smith's website confirmed on March 13, 2008 that he had made a deal with Warner Bros. to adapt the Bone saga into a film series.[54] Further information was given in July 2011, citing, "a third [script] is currently in the works and will most likely yield three separate, computer-animated, 3-D films..." The first film was estimated to be released at the earliest in 2013.[55] In January 2012, it was reported that Patrick Sean Smith, the creator of TV series Greek, was hired to write an adaptation, and that P. J. Hogan is attached to direct the feature, which will be produced by Lin Pictures and Animal Logic.[56]

Action figures[edit]

In 1996 the toy manufacturer Resaurus released Series One of a Bone figure line, featuring: Fone Bone with Rat Cub, Thorn, Smiley Bone, and Rat Creature. Five years later, a second line was released with Gran'ma Ben, Phoney Bone, The Hooded One, and a deluxe boxed set of Kingdok. Two exclusive figures were released through the toy and comic magazine "Previews": Hooded One (glow in the dark), and Phoney Bone as Ahab. Most recently, in 2007, "Dark Horse Comics Presents" released a 5-inch-high (130 mm) statue of Fone Bone, which is limited to 750 pieces and to be sold through Wizard Magazine.

Video games[edit]

On February 22, 2005, the video game company Telltale Games announced that they would be developing adventure games based on the comic using episodic format. The first episode, Bone: Out from Boneville, was released on September 15, 2005, and the second, The Great Cow Race, on April 12, 2006. Both are available in downloaded or boxed form on Telltale's website for Windows-based PCs. Currently, Telltale Games has suspended any further development of the Bone game series. There hasn't been another Bone-related video game ever since then.

On October 13, 2006, video game company Vanbrio Entertainment announced the release of a Macintosh version of Bone Act 1: Out of Boneville.

Novels[edit]

Bone: Legacy is a sequel trilogy of novels following the adventures of new Bones in their quest in the Valley. The first installment, Part I: Quest for the Spark, was released on February 1, 2011. The second installment Part II: Quest for the Spark, was released on February 1, 2012.[34] The third and final installment to the trilogy Part III: Quest for the Spark was released on February 1, 2013.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Interview: Jeff Smith Pt. 1 (of 2)". Thedailycrosshatch.com. 2007-03-12. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  2. ^ a b "Arnold, Andrew; Best + Worst 2004: "The Best Comix";". Time.com. Retrieved 2011-01-08. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b c Eisner Awards for 1993
  4. ^ a b "Eisner Awards for 1994". Hahnlibrary.net. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  5. ^ a b c "Eisner Awards for 1995". Hahnlibrary.net. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  6. ^ a b c "Eisner Awards for 1998". Hahnlibrary.net. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  7. ^ a b c "Eisner Awards for 2005". Hahnlibrary.net. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  8. ^ a b Harvey Award winners for 1994
  9. ^ a b "Harvey Award winners for 1995". Harveyawards.org. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  10. ^ a b "Harvey Award winners for 1996". Harveyawards.org. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  11. ^ a b "Harvey Award winners for 1997". Harveyawards.org. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  12. ^ a b c "Harvey Award winners for 1999". Harveyawards.org. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  13. ^ a b "Harvey Award winners for 2000". Harveyawards.org. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  14. ^ a b c "Harvey Award winners for 2003". Harveyawards.org. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  15. ^ a b "Harvey Award winners for 2005". Harveyawards.org. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  16. ^ "The History of BONE & Jeff Smith". Boneville.com. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f Ken Mills (Director) (July 21, 2009). The Cartoonist: Jeff Smith, BONE and the Changing Face of Comics (Documentary). Mills James Productions. 
  18. ^ Jeff Smith, The Art of Bone (Milwaukie, Oregon: Dark Horse Books, 2007), ISBN 978-1-59307-441-8, p.19.
  19. ^ "Jeff Smith's 'Bone' Goes From Comic Book to Gallery Wall". The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. July 21, 2008. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
  20. ^ Lucy Shelton Caswell and David Filipi, Jeff Smith: Bone and Beyond (Columbus, O.: The Ohio State University, Wexner Center for the Arts, 2008), ISBN 978-1-881390-46-6, pp. 7, 17.
  21. ^ French, Kristin M. (October 2, 2001). "Comic man returns to roots". The Lantern. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
  22. ^ Eichenberger, Bill (May 4, 2008). "Bone and beyond...Award-winning cartoonist Jeff Smith given his due with talks, exhibits at OSU". Columbus Dispatch.
  23. ^ "About Jeff Smith". Boneville. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
  24. ^ "Image Comics, The Trilogy Tour, Rose, and the One Volume Edition". Boneville. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  25. ^ "Interview With Jeff". A3upodcast.com. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  26. ^ Jeff Smith at Inducks
  27. ^ "Bone #3 - Eyes of the Storm (Issue)". Comicvine.com. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  28. ^ Search results for "Jeff Smith" showing release date of Bone volumes at harpercollins.co.uk[dead link]
  29. ^ "Spirit of Will Eisner Lives on at 2005 Eisner Awards". Comic-con.org. 2005-07-15. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  30. ^ Smith, Jeff (March 2, 2011). "First Look: Massive Bone 20th Anniversary Color One Volume Editions (we’re planting a tree for every one we sell!)". Boneville. Retrieved April 1, 2012. 
  31. ^ a b Press Release, July 23rd, 2009
  32. ^ "The Official Thomas E. Sniegoski Website". Sniegoski.com. 2010-08-01. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  33. ^ Jeff Smith (July 24, 2009). "New BONE books; BONE: Tall Tales & Quest for the Spark". 
  34. ^ a b "Bone: Quest for the Spark #2". Amazon. Retrieved October 29, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Bone: Quest for the Spark #3". Amazon. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  36. ^ "News Watch: Bone Leaves Image," The Comics Journal #191 (November 1996), pp. 23–24.
  37. ^ Ken Mills (Director) (July 21, 2009). The Cartoonist: Jeff Smith, BONE and the Changing Face of Comics (Documentary). Mills James Productions. 
  38. ^ "Wizard's top 200 characters. External link consists of a forum site summing up the top 200 characters of Wizard Magazine since the real site that contains the list is broken.". Wizard magazine. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  39. ^ "Fone Bone is number 60". IGN. Retrieved May 17, 2011. 
  40. ^ Smith, Jeff (1996). "Chapter 2: Moby Bone" Eyes of the Storm. Scholastic. p. 32.
  41. ^ Garrity, Shaenon K. "Shaenon". Web Comics Nation. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  42. ^ Palmer, Tom (January 1993). "Palmer's Picks". Wizard (Wizard Entertainment) (17): 16. 
  43. ^ Arner, Michael (2005-02-10). "Bone: One Volume Edition - PopMatters Comic Book Review". Popmatters.com. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  44. ^ "Jeff Smith: Bone". Bob's Comics Reviews. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  45. ^ Andrew D. Arnold, "No Bones About It," TIME, Sep. 17, 2004.
  46. ^ Maricella Miranda, "Rosemount-Apple Valley-Eagan panel votes not to ban elementary school book series", St. Paul Pioneer Press, April 27, 2010.
  47. ^ Erin Johnson, "Book series will remain in schools, committee says", ThisWeek Newspapers (Burnsville, MN), April 29, 2010.
  48. ^ "Eisner Awards for 1996". Hahnlibrary.net. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  49. ^ "Eisner Awards for 2004". Hahnlibrary.net. 1943-04-19. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  50. ^ "Eisner Awards for 2006". Hahnlibrary.net. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  51. ^ "The Comics Reporter". The Comics Reporter. Retrieved 2011-03-19. 
  52. ^ "Alexandra DuPont Interviews BONE Creator Jeff Smith!!". Ain't It Cool News. July 4, 2003. Retrieved 2012-03-16.  (The relevant part of the interview is also quoted at the Boneville.com official website, here.)
  53. ^ Rappe, Elisabeth (Mar 9, 2008). "Bone: Warner Bros Grabs "Bone"". Cinematical.com. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  54. ^ Smith, Jeff. "BONE to Warner Bros.". boneville.com. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  55. ^ Carpenter, Susan (July 19, 2011). "‘Bone’: Jeff Smith says early Hollywood footage was ‘mind-blowing’". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2011. 
  56. ^ Kit, Borys (January 18, 2012). "'Greek' Creator Takes on Warner Bros. Comic Book Movie 'Bone'; P.J. Hogan to Direct (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 

External links[edit]