Bone Regency

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Bone Regency
Kabupaten Bone
Regency
Coat of Arms of Bone Regency
Coat of arms
Bone Regency is located in Indonesia
Bone Regency
Bone Regency
Coordinates (Watampone): 4°32′19″S 120°19′47″E / 4.53861°S 120.32972°E / -4.53861; 120.32972
Country Indonesia
Province South Sulawesi
Capital Watampone
Government
 • Regent Idris Galigo
Area
 • Total 4,559 km2 (1,760 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 717,268
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone WITe (UTC+8)
Website bone.go.id

Bone Regency is a regency of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Originally the seat of the Bone state, it joined Indonesia in 1950. Its main products are seaweed, rice, and fish. The principal town is Watampone.

Geography[edit]

Bone is located on the east coast of South Sulawesi. It has 174 kilometres (108 mi) of coastline[1] and covers an area of 4,559 square kilometres (1,760 sq mi).[2] It has a total of 88,499 hectares (884.99 km2) of rice fields.[3]

Bone is surrounded by Wajo to the north, Sinjai to the south, Soppeng, Maros, Pangkkajene, and Barru to the west, and the Gulf of Bone to the east, where it has a sea border with Sulawesi Tenggara.[1]

The climate of Bone is tropical, with the wet season from April to September and the dry season from October to March. The temperature ranges from 26 to 34 °C (79 to 93 °F), with air humidity averaging 95% - 99%. The average annual rainfall varies from less than 1,750 millimetres (69 in) to 3,000 millimetres (120 in).[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to a 2010 census, Bone Regency has 717,268 residents, consisting 341,335 males and 375,933 females. This gives a sex ratio of 90.80 for the regency, or 91 males for every 100 females. It displayed a population growth rate of 0.67% per annum for the 2000-2010 period.[4]

The majority of residents of Bone Regency are Muslim, with numerous mosques and places for studying Islam. There are also some churches in Watampone.[2]

Administration[edit]

Bone Regency in 2010 comprised 27 administrative Districts (Kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.[5]

Name Population
Census 2010
Bontocani 15,351
Kahu 37,399
Kajuara 34,599
Salomekko 14,970
Tonra 12,830
Patimpeng 15,670
Libureng 28,027
Mare 25,129
Sibulue 32,664
Cina 25,437
Barebbo 25,383
Ponre 13,198
Lappariaja 23,183
Lamuru 24,293
Tellu Limpoe 13,771
Bengo 25,247
Ulaweng 24,504
Palakka 22,084
Awangpone 28,583
Tellu Siattinge 39,733
Amali 20,546
Ajangale 27,203
Dua Boccoe 29,941
Cenrana 23,362
Tanete Riattang Barat
(West Tanete Riattang)
43,512
Tanete Riattang 48,532
Tanete Riattang Timur
(East Tanete Riattang)
40,393

As of 2010, the districts are sub-divided into 335 administrative villages (desa and kelurahan).[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms of Bone consists of a blue shield with a harrow, anchor, unsheathed kris, rice, cotton plant, and - at the bottom of the shield - the words Kabupaten Bone in red text on a white banner. The harrow and rice stand for the agricultural history of the area. The anchor signifies Bone's nautical prowess, while its symmetry and location in the middle of the shield represents rationality. The kris and red text signify bravery, while the cotton plant represents the Bone people's struggle for independence. The white banner stands for purity and holiness.[7]

History[edit]

A black and white picture of a thatched roof building on stilts
Palace of the Sultan of Bone, c. 1900-1920

Bone Regency was home to Bone state, an adat-based Bugis kingdom which was founded by ManurungngE Rimatajang in 1330.[2][1] It later entered an alliance with the Wajo and Soppeng kingdoms for mutual defence. This alliance became known as LaMumpatue Ri Timurung.[2]

In 1605, during the reign of the tenth king of Bone Latenri Tuppu Matinro Ri Sidenreng, Islam entered Bone and caused a change in local culture, including a renaming of various aspects of the regal system.[1] Bone State later enjoyed a period of prosperity in the middle of the 17th century.[2]

In May 1950, the people held demonstrations in Watampone against the royalty and Bone's membership in the State of East Indonesia. This caused the sultan to step down and join Indonesia.[1]

Economy[edit]

The majority of Bone residents are farmers, commercial gardeners, and fishermen. In the area near the Gulf of Boni, seaweed, crabs, shrimp, and milkfish are the main source of income. Seaweed production averages 3,821.5 tonnes per annum, while catches of shrimp, crabs, and milkfish average 4,318 tonnes, 2,061 tonnes, and 4.964 tonnes per annum each. Catches of other fish, mainly tuna, average 73,763.5 tonnes per annum.[6]

Transportation[edit]

Bone's sea transportation is handled by five harbours, a larger one located in East Taneteriattang named Bajoe and four smaller ones.[6]

References[edit]

Footnotes
Bibliography