Bongaigaon district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Bongaigaon.
Bongaigaon district
বঙাইগাওঁ জিলা
District
Bongaigaon district's location in Assam
Bongaigaon district's location in Assam
Country India
State Assam
Administrative Division Lower Assam
Headquarters Bongaigaon
Area
 • Total 2,510 km2 (970 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 732,639
 • Density 290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-AS-BO
Website http://bongaigaon.gov.in/

Bongaigaon district (Prpn:ˈbɒŋgaɪˌgãʊ) (Assamese: বঙাইগাওঁ জিলা) is an administrative district in the state of Assam in northeastern India. The district headquarters are located at Bongaigaon. The district occupies an area of 2,510 km².

History[edit]

The district of Bongaigaon was created on 29 September 1989 from parts of Goalpara and Kokrajhar districts.[1] 2004 saw a loss of size when part of the district was split to make Chirang district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Bongaigaon district occupies an area of 1,724 square kilometres (666 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Réunion.[3] Bongaigaon district is surrounded by Barpeta in the east, the Brahmaputra in the south and Kokrajhar in the north and west corner.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Indian government named Bongaigaon one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the eleven districts in Assam currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Divisions[edit]

The district has three subdivisions: Bongaigaon, Bijni and North Salmara. In 2004, parts of the Bongaigaon district (mainly areas under Bijni subdivision) were given over to form the Chirang district, under the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC), with its district headquarters at Kajalgaon.

There are four Assam Legislative Assembly constituencies in this district: Bongaigaon, Bijni, Abhayapuri North, and Abhayapuri South. The latter is designated for scheduled castes.[5] Bijni is in the Kokrajhar Lok Sabha constituency, whilst the other three are in the Barpeta Lok Sabha constituency.[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Bongaigaon district has a population of 732,639,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Guyana[8] or the US state of Alaska.[9] This gives it a ranking of 496th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 425 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,100/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 19.58%.[7] Bongaigaon has a sex ratio of 961 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 70.44%.[7]

The main religions are Hinduism (535,464), Islam (348,573) and Christianity (18,728).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Assam: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1116. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Réunion 2,535km2 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Revenue & Election District wise break – up". Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Parliamentary Constituencies wise break – up". Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Guyana 744,768 
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Alaska 710,231 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°28′00″N 90°34′00″E / 26.4667°N 90.5667°E / 26.4667; 90.5667