Boni National Reserve
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|Boni National Reserve|
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)
|Location||North Eastern Province, Kenya|
|Area||1,339 km2 (517 sq mi)|
|Governing body||Kenya Wildlife Service|
The Boni National Reserve is a national reserve for conservation and lies in the North Eastern Province of Kenya in the Ijara District. The reserve covers an area of 1,339 km2 (517 sq mi) and is managed by Kenya Wildlife Service. It was gazetted in 1976 as a dry season sanctuary for elephants in Ijara District, Lamu District and Somalia. Unfortunately, elephant population has been greatly reduced by poaching.
On December 28, 2010, the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Consular Affairs included the Boni National Reserve on the list of Kenyan areas American travelers should avoid because of terrorism and violent crime.
The Boni forest, after which the reserve is named, is an indigenous open canopy forest and part of the Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic . Harbouring densities of plant species that are among the highest in the world, the forest has been declared a biodiversity hotspot.
Common herbivores in the region include hippopotamus, bushpig, warthog, buffalo, common duiker, topi and waterbuck. Common carnivores in the reserve are the vulnerable African Wild Dog and the aardwolf. Although extremely rare, African elephants are also present in the reserve. (1)
As part of the East African coastal forest, it is likely to hold bird species characteristic of the coastal forests of eastern Africa, possibly including globally threatened species such as Sokoke Pipit. (1)
- Githiru, M. et al. (2007) Density, distribution and habitat use by large mammals in Boni National Reserve and the neighbouring Northern Buffer Zone, NE Kenya. National Museums of Kenya.
- Antipa, R. S, Ali, M. H. and Hussein, A. A. (2007) Assessment of the Potential of Eco/Cultural Tourism as Viable Enterprises in Southern Garissa, Ijara and Lamu Districts: A Community Conservation and Enterprise Support Initiative. National Environmental Management Authority of Kenya.
- Antipa, R. S, Ali, M. H. and Hussein, A. A. (2007) Preservation and Maintenance of Biological Diversity Related Knowledge of Indigenous Diversity and Local Communities with Traditional Lifestyles Boni Forest, Ijara District. National Environmental Management Authority of Kenya.
- World Database on Protected Areas – Boni National Reserve
- Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State – Kenya 28. Dec. 2010
- National Museums of Kenya
- National Environmental Management Authority of Kenya
- The Encyclopaedia of Earth: Northern Zanzibar Inhambane coastal forest mosaic
- Biodiversity Hotspots: Coast Forests of Eastern Africa
- Kenya Wildlife Service