|Atlantic bonito, Sarda sarda|
Jordan and Evermann, 1896
Bonito are a tribe of medium-sized, predatory fish in the Scombridae family, belonging to the Sardini tribe. There are seven species across four genera which belong to the bonito tribe. Three of the four genera are monotypic genera, having a single species each.
Although bonito is an adjective common to both Spanish and Portuguese that means pretty, it is not clear whether the name of the fish is related to this. It is also not clear whether the Arabic name bainīth is the origin of the Spanish term, or vice versa.
- Genus Sarda
- Australian bonito, Sarda australis (Macleay, 1881).
- Sarda chiliensis (Cuvier, 1832).
- Striped bonito, Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844).
- Atlantic bonito, Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793).
- Genus Cybiosarda
- Genus Gymnosarda
- Genus Orcynopsis
Pacific and Atlantic bonito meat has a firm texture and a darkish color. The bonito has a moderate fat content. The meat of young or small bonito can be of lighter color, close to that of skipjack tuna, and is sometimes used as a cheaper substitute of skipjack, especially for canning purposes. Bonito may not be marketed as tuna in all countries, however.