Bonne of Bohemia

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Bonne of Luxembourg
Duchess consort of Normandy, Countess consort of Anjou and Maine
Bonne-1-.0.de luxembourg.jpg
Bonne de Luxembourg in the Picture, Fashioned of 16th Century
Tenure 1332-1349
Spouse John II of France
Issue Charles V of France
Louis I, Duke of Anjou
John, Duke of Berry
Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
Joan, Queen of Navarre
Marie, Duchess of Bar
Isabella, Lady of Milan
House House of Luxembourg (by birth)
House of Valois (by marriage)
Father John of Bohemia
Mother Elizabeth of Bohemia
Born 20 May 1315
Prague, Bohemia
Died 11 September 1349 (aged 34)
Maubuisson, France
Burial Maubuisson Abbey, France

Bonne of Luxemburg or Jutta of Luxemburg (20 May 1315 – 11 September 1349), was born Jutta (Judith), the second daughter of John the Blind, king of Bohemia,[1] and his first wife, Elisabeth of Bohemia. She was the first wife of King John II of France; however, as her death occurred a year prior to his coronation, she was never a French queen. Jutta was referred to in French historiography as Bonne de Luxembourg. She was a member of the House of Luxembourg. Among her children were Charles V of France, Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and Joan, Queen of Navarre.

Biography[edit]

In 1326, Jutta was originally betrothed to Henry of Bar, however this arrangement was broken and she stayed at the abbey of Saint-Esprit until her marriage to John, Duke of Normandy.[2]

The family of King John.

Jutta was married to John, Duke of Normandy on 28 July 1332[2] at the church of Notre-Dame in Melun. She was 17 years old, and the future king was 13. The name for Jutta (or Guta) translatable into English as Good (in the feminine case), was changed by the time of marriage to Bonne (French) or Bona (Latin). Upon marriage, Bonne was the wife of the heir to the French throne, becoming Duchess of Normandy, and Countess of Anjou and of Maine. The wedding was celebrated in the presence of six thousand guests. The festivities were prolonged by a further two months when the young groom was finally knighted at the cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris. John was solemnly granted the arms of a knight in front of a prestigious assistance bringing together the kings of Bohemia and Navarre, and the dukes of Burgundy, Lorraine and the Brabant.

Bonne was a patron of the arts, the composer Guillaume de Machaut being one of her favorites.[3]

She died on 11 September 1349 of the bubonic plague in Maubisson, France at the age of thirty-four.[1] She was buried in the Abbey of Maubuisson.[4]

Less than six months after Bonne's death, John married secondly Jeanne I, Countess of Auvergne, by whom he had two daughters who both died young.

Issue[edit]

John and Bonne had the following children together:

See also[edit]

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b David Nicolle, Poitiers 1356: The Capture of a King, (Osprey, 2004), 17.
  2. ^ a b Joni M. Hand, Women, Manuscripts and Identity in Northern Europe, 1350-1550, (Ashgate Publishing, 2013), 12.
  3. ^ Anne Walters Robertson, Guillaume de Machaut and Reims, (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2002), 3.
  4. ^ {FR} Revue archéologique Juillet-Decembre 1907, Volume 4; Volume 9, ed. G. Perrot and S. Reinach, (Ernest Leroux, 1907), 448-449.