Bonriki International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bonriki International Airport
Bonriki International Airport2.jpg
IATA: TRWICAO: NGTA
TRW is located in Kiribati
TRW
TRW
Location of airport in Kiribati
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Government
Serves Tarawa, Kiribati
Location Bonriki, South Tarawa
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 9 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 01°22′54″N 173°08′49″E / 1.38167°N 173.14694°E / 1.38167; 173.14694Coordinates: 01°22′54″N 173°08′49″E / 1.38167°N 173.14694°E / 1.38167; 173.14694
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 2,011 6,598 Asphalt
Source: DAFIF[1][2]

Bonriki International Airport (IATA: TRWICAO: NGTA) is an international airport in Kiribati, serving as the main gateway to the country. It is located in its capital, South Tarawa, which a group of islets in the atoll of Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands.

Fiji's national carrier, Air Pacific, and Kiribati's state-owned airline, Air Kiribati, both connect Kiribati with Nadi, which is Air Pacific's hub and Fiji's main international gateway. Our Airline, the national airline of Nauru, provides service to Nauru International Airport, connecting to Honiara, the capital of the Solomon Islands, and further to Brisbane, Australia. This service was suspended from July 2008[3] to November 2009.

The airport is the hub of the only two Kiribati airlines, flag carrier Air Kiribati and the 2009-established Coral Sun Airways, with both airlines mainly flying domestic routes within the Gilbert Islands. Air Kiribati and Coral Sun Airways both serve all 16 other airports in the Gilbert Islands, but not all these destinations are flown directly from Tarawa. Coral Sun Airways is considering buying another, larger aircraft, capable of flying to the Phoenix Islands and Line Islands, which are, as of 2010, served by neither domestic nor international scheduled flights.

History[edit]

The airport was built in December 1943 by United States Navy Seabees and was named "Mullinix Field", in honor of Rear Admiral Henry M. Mullinix, who died in the sinking of the USS Liscombe Bay on 24 November 1943 after it was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine off the Gilbert Islands.

Almost immediately after the completion of the runway, it became the nexus of United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) operations from Tarawa, as the runway at nearby Hawkins Field on Betio was too short for safe bomber operations. The longer runway at Mullinix became the base for the VII Bomber Command Headquarters, which directed operations against Japanese forces in the Marshall Islands. In addition, the USAAF stationed the B-24 Liberator-equipped 11th Bombardment Group and B-25 Mitchell-equipped 41st Bombardment Group at the airfield.

In April 1944, the land-based units moved forward to Kwajalein Airfield in the Marshall Islands, and shortly thereafter, Mullinix was reduced to an emergency airfield. By the end of the war, the Americans abandoned the facilities and the airfield was turned into a civilian airport. [4] [5] [6]

Facilities[edit]

Bonriki International Airport
Air Kiribati's former ATR 72 aircraft at Bonriki International Airport

The airport resides at an elevation of 9 feet (3 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 09/27 with an asphalt surface measuring 2,011 by 41 metres (6,598 ft × 135 ft).[1]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Kiribati Abaiang, Abemama, Butaritari, Kuria, Maiana, Nadi, Nonouti, Tabiteuea North
Air Marshall Islands Majuro
Fiji Airways Nadi
Our Airline Brisbane, Majuro, Nauru, Nadi1 [7]

1: Our Airline does not sell tickets on the Tarawa-Nadi route. Tarawa is merely a stopover on the Nauru-Majuro-Nadi flight.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]