Book of Jasher (biblical references)
The Book of Jasher (also, Jashar) or Book of the Just Man (Hebrew sēfer ha yāšār ספר הישר) is an unknown book mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. The translation "Book of the Just Man" is the traditional Greek and Latin translation, while the transliterated form "Jasher" is found in the King James Bible, 1611.
The book appears to be referenced from around the reign of David. 2 Samuel 1:18 states:
- To teach the Sons of Judah the use of the bow; behold it is written in the Book of the Upright (Sēper haiYāšār).
The Book of Joshua 10:13 states:
- And the Sun stood still, and the Moon stayed,
- until the people had avenged themselves on their enemies.
- Is this not written in the Book of the Upright (Sēper haiYāšār)?
The presence of this event in a book of poetry has been interpreted as a poetic description of the prolonged battle. Some think it was inserted because Joshua wanted to show non-believers of the event that even another person besides him recorded it.
The Septuagint translation renders sefer hayashar in both cases as 'Book of the Just'. The reference to the bow is here missing so that the text reads:
- And he gave orders to teach it the sons of Iouda: behold it is written in the Book of the Just.
According to the Medieval Jewish scholar, Rashi, Sefer HaYashar refers to the Pentateuch, as a fulfillment of Jacob's prophecy regarding Ephraim “His [Ephraim's] seed will fill the nations.” (Gen. 48:19) and that this refers to Joshua's renown after the miracle of the standing of the sun.
- Harry Whittaker, Bible Studies Biblia, Cannock. 'The sun stood still' pp72-73).
- "What is the Book of Jasher and should it be in the Bible?".