# Book of Mormon weights and measures

Metals in the Book of Mormon (particularly in Alma chapter 11) are used to describe a weight measurement system as follows:

## Gold

• Senine ([1]) = ½ seon [sean] = barley measure = any grain measure = judge's wages for a day[2]
• Antion ([3]) = 3 shiblon[4] = 1½ senine
• Seon [sean][5] = 2 senine = ½ shum[6]
• Shum ([7]) = 2 seon [sean][8]
• Limnah = ([9]) 'the value of them all'[10]

## Unknown

• Shiblon = ½ senum = ½ barley measure = 2 shiblum [shilum] = ⅓ antion[22]
• Shiblum [shilum][23] = 2 leah = ½ shiblon[24]
• Leah = ½ shiblum [shilum] = ¼ shiblon = ⅛ senum/senine

## References

1. ^ LDS.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «sē´nīn»
2. ^ Alma 11:3, 7-8
3. ^ LDS.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «ăn´tē-än»
4. ^ Alma 11:19
5. ^ At Alma 11:5,8-9, the Printer's MS has sean, corrected in MS to seon in vs 9, and set thus in all three verses by the 1830 edition compositor, per Royal Skousen, Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon (Provo: FARMS, 2004-2009), 3:1806, 6:3579
6. ^ Alma 11:8-9
7. ^ LDS.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «shum»
8. ^ Alma 11:9
9. ^ LDS.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «lĭm´nä»
10. ^ Alma 11:10
11. ^ LDS.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «sē´num»
12. ^ Alma 11:7
13. ^ LDS.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «ăm´nōr»
14. ^ Alma 11:11
15. ^ LDS.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «ĕz´rum»
16. ^ At Alma 11:6,12, the Printer's MS has ezrum, erroneously set as ezrom by the 1830 edition compositor, per Royal Skousen, Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon (Provo: FARMS, 2004-2009), 3:1806-7, 6:3637
17. ^ Alma 11:12
18. ^ LDS.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «än´tī»
19. ^ At Alma 11:6,13,22,25, the Printer's MS has anti thrice, but the first as onhi, all four corrected in MS to onti which was followed by the 1830 edition compositor, per Royal Skousen, Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon (Provo: FARMS, 2004-2009), 3:1807-8, 4:2094, 6:3579
20. ^ Alma 11:13
21. ^ Alma 11:22
22. ^ Alma 11:15,16,19
23. ^ At Alma 11:16-17, the Original and Printer's MSS have shilum, erroneously set as shiblum by the 1830 edition compositor, per Royal Skousen, Analysis of Textual Variants of the Book of Mormon (Provo: FARMS, 2004-2009), 3:1810-11
24. ^ Alma 11:16-17