Boolardy

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Boolardy Station is located in Western Australia
Boolardy Station
Boolardy Station
Location in Western Australia

Boolardy Station is a remote sheep station in the mid-west of Western Australia, about 194 km north-north-east of Pindar and 200 km west-south-west of Meekatharra. It is within the Shire of Murchison and situated on pastoral lease no. 3114/406 (Crown lease 146/1966). The area of the lease is 3,467.48 square kilometres (1,338.80 sq mi).[1]

Description[edit]

An area of 266 square kilometres (103 sq mi) within the station is composed of reserves and crown land. The soil has a low level of erosion with 87% of the land being described as nil or minor. The perenniel vegetation condition is fair with 39% of vegetation cover being described as poor or very poor.[2]

The property is considered an important pastoral property in the Murchison region, with the Boolardy Homestead used as offices of the Murchison Road Board for many years. It is currently leased by the Richards family and is operated as a single enterprise incorporating the nearby properties of Murgoo, Nookawarra and Ngatta Pool.

The station's western boundary is bordered by Wooleen Station and the southern boundary is Mount Wittenoom Station.

The various stone buildings of Boolardy Station were classified by the National Trust of Australia (W.A.) on 2 September 1985.[3]

History[edit]

Robert Austin and Kenneth Brown explored the region in 1854, noting the rich grassy plains of Boolardy and importantly, the Ngatta water hole. However, the potential of the area was not appreciated until 1873 when John Perks and Edward Wittenoom explored the area north of the water hole while searching for sheep grazing country. The water hole is about 10 km south of the main homestead.

Perks and Wittenoom subsequently took up the initial lease and the first cattle and sheep were taken overland to Nookawarra in 1876, but as the site lacked suitable feed for horses, they moved to the Boolardy site.

The lease was later associated with various members of the pioneering Wittenoom and Lefroy families, particularly Edward and Frank Wittenoom and Langlois Lefroy.

By 1912 the station expected to shear 25,000 sheep using 16 stands in the shearing shed.[4]

The station has consistently produced quality wool attracting high prices, at a wool sale in Perth in 1927 a small star lot of super combing sold from the station was sold for 28½d per pound, the most expensive at the sale.[5]

The station was flooded in 1945 when 8 inches (203 mm) of rain fell in 24 hours with over 100 miles (161 km) of fencing being washed away.[6]

When the Murchison River and Gascoyne River catchments were inundated severe floods occurred in 2010, parts of Boolardy were submerged and the State Emergency Service despatched a helicopter to check on the welfare of those stranded at the station.[7]

Little rain fell at Boolardy over 2012 and early 2013 resulting in dust storms and little green feed being available for stock.[8]

Square Kilometre Array[edit]

An international consortium is working on the design and location of a proposed radio telescope which is intended to have a collecting area of approximately one square kilometre.

The sites are in the Karoo area of the Northern Cape Province in South Africa, and Boolardy.[9] The Boolardy site is also the home of the Murchison Widefield Array and the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pastoral Lands Board (private correspondence)
  2. ^ "Station Reports Appendix 1". 1987. Retrieved 2011-06-27. 
  3. ^ *"Assessment Documentation : Boolardy Homestead Group". Heritage Council of Western Australia. 29 May 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-10. 
  4. ^ "Shearing dates". Western Mail (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 13 July 1912. p. 8. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Perth wool sale.". The West Australian (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 19 October 1927. p. 12. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Assessment Documentation". Heritage Council of Western Australia. 29 May 2001. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "20/12/2010 More on the Carnarvon Floods Midday Update". State Emergency Service. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  8. ^ "Dry conditions at Boolardy station". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 17 January 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "$52m for radio telescope project". ABC News Online. 2007-05-09. Retrieved 2007-05-10. 

Coordinates: 26°59′S 116°32′E / 26.983°S 116.533°E / -26.983; 116.533