Boone County, Illinois
|Boone County, Illinois|
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Daniel Boone|
|• Total||282 sq mi (730 km2)|
|• Land||281 sq mi (728 km2)|
|• Water||1.3 sq mi (3 km2), 0.5%|
|• Density||193/sq mi (75/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Boone County was formed in 1837 out of Winnebago County. It was named for Kentucky frontiersman Daniel Boone. The first non-Native American settlers arrived in what is now Boone County in 1835. They arrived as a result of the end of the Black Hawk War as well as the completion of the Erie Canal. They consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These were "Yankee" settlers, that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era. They were primarily members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Boone County. When the New England settlers arrived in what is now Boone County there was nothing but a dense virgin forest and wild prairie. In the late 1870s immigrants began arriving from Germany and Ireland.
- Rock County, Wisconsin - north
- Walworth County, Wisconsin - northeast
- McHenry County - east
- DeKalb County - south
- Ogle County - southwest
- Winnebago County - west
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Belvidere have ranged from a low of 11 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1979 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.29 inches (33 mm) in February to 4.56 inches (116 mm) in June.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 41,786 people, 14,597 households, and 11,254 families residing in the county. The population density was 149 people per square mile (57/km²). There were 15,414 housing units at an average density of 55 per square mile (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.09% White, 0.90% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 6.67% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. 12.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.9% were of German, 9.6% Irish, 7.5% English, 6.2% Italian, 6.1% Swedish, 6.1% American and 5.0% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 87.9% spoke English and 11.1% Spanish as their first language. The student population stands at roughly 5000, with 3000 of them being in a high school designed for 1800 students. In 2008 Belvidere North High School was opened to offset the overcrowding at Belvidere High School.
There were 14,597 households out of which 40.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.20% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.90% were non-families. 19.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the county the population was spread out with 29.80% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $52,397, and the median income for a family was $59,305. Males had a median income of $41,992 versus $25,695 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,590. About 5.10% of families and 7.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.70% of those under age 18 and 5.80% of those age 65 or over.
- Belvidere Community Unit School District 100
- Harvard Community Unit School District 50
- Hiawatha Community Unit School District 426
- North Boone Community Unit School District 200
- Rockford School District 205
Boone County is divided into these nine townships:
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- History of the Origin of the Place Names in Nine Northwestern States. 1908. p. 12.
- The Past and Present of Boone County, Illinois: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, Etc., a Biographical Directory of Its Citizens, War Record of Its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, General and Local Statistics, History of the Northwest, History of Illinois, Constitution of the United States, Map of Boone County, Miscellaneous Matters, Etc., Etc by H.F. Kett & Company, 1877 page 226
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Belvidere, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- History of Boone County, Illinois. Salem, MA: Higginson Book Co., 1998.
- The Past and Present of Boone County, Illinois: Containing a History of the County — Its Cities, Towns, Etc.; A Biographical Directory of Its Citizens; War Record of Its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; General and Local Statistics; History of the Northwest; History of Illinois; Constitution of the United States; Map of Boone County; Miscellaneous Matters; Etc., Etc. Chicago: H.F. Kett and Co., 1877.
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- United States National Atlas
||Rock County, Wisconsin||Walworth County, Wisconsin|
|Winnebago County||McHenry County|
|Ogle County||DeKalb County|