Boone County, Indiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Boone County, Indiana
Boone County Indiana Courthouse.jpg
Boone County courthouse in Lebanon, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Boone County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1 April 1830
Named for Daniel Boone
Seat Lebanon
Largest city Lebanon
Area
 • Total 423.25 sq mi (1,096 km2)
 • Land 422.91 sq mi (1,095 km2)
 • Water 0.34 sq mi (1 km2), 0.08%
Population
 • (2010) 56,640
 • Density 134/sq mi (51.72/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 5th
Website boonecounty.in.gov
Footnotes: Indiana county number 6

Boone County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 56,640.[1] The county seat is Lebanon.[2] Indiana's center of population is located in eastern Boone County, just northwest of the town of Sheridan in neighboring Hamilton County.[3]

History[edit]

Boone County was formed April 1, 1830, and named for frontiersman Daniel Boone.[4] The county commissioners met near the center of the county on May 1, 1831 to identify a county seat, which by law had to be within 2 miles (3.2 km) of the county's center; the city of Lebanon was selected to serve this purpose.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 423.25 square miles (1,096.2 km2), of which 422.91 square miles (1,095.3 km2) (or 99.92%) is land and 0.34 square miles (0.88 km2) (or 0.08%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Extinct towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Education[edit]

Public schools in Boone County are administered by the Lebanon Community School Corporation, the Western Boone County Community School District and Zionsville Community Schools.

Climate and weather[edit]

Lebanon, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.4
 
34
18
 
 
2.4
 
41
22
 
 
3.4
 
52
31
 
 
3.8
 
65
40
 
 
4.5
 
75
50
 
 
4.2
 
84
60
 
 
4.5
 
86
63
 
 
3.6
 
85
61
 
 
3
 
79
53
 
 
2.9
 
67
43
 
 
3.7
 
52
34
 
 
3.1
 
39
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in Lebanon have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 112 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.35 inches (60 mm) in February to 4.54 inches (115 mm) in July.[7]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county’s government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[8][9]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made up of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[8][9]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[9]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[9]

Boone County is part of Indiana's 4th congressional district, Indiana Senate districts 21 and 23,[10] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 28, 38 and 87.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 621
1840 8,121 1,207.7%
1850 11,631 43.2%
1860 16,753 44.0%
1870 22,593 34.9%
1880 25,922 14.7%
1890 26,572 2.5%
1900 26,321 −0.9%
1910 24,673 −6.3%
1920 23,575 −4.5%
1930 22,290 −5.5%
1940 22,081 −0.9%
1950 23,993 8.7%
1960 27,543 14.8%
1970 30,870 12.1%
1980 36,446 18.1%
1990 38,147 4.7%
2000 46,107 20.9%
2010 56,640 22.8%
Est. 2013 60,477 6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 46,107 people, 17,081 households, and 12,810 families residing in the county. The population density was 109 people per square mile (42/km²). There were 17,929 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.92% White, 0.35% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.3% were of German, 19.6% American, 12.7% English and 9.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 17,081 households out of which 38.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.40% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.00% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.30% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,632, and the median income for a family was $58,879. Males had a median income of $39,534 versus $26,266 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,182. About 3.80% of families and 5.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.80% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Boone County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". United States Census. Retrieved 2007-06-30. 
  4. ^ Harden and Spahr 1887, p. 10.
  5. ^ Harden and Spahr 1887, p. 37.
  6. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lebanon, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  10. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  11. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°03′N 86°28′W / 40.05°N 86.47°W / 40.05; -86.47