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Boone Tavern Hotel
Boone Tavern in 2009
|Location||100 Main St., Berea, Kentucky|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architectural style||Colonial Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||95001527|
|Added to NRHP||January 11, 1996|
Boone Tavern was built in 1909 to house guests of the college. It is named for early Kentucky explorer Daniel Boone. The "Tavern" portion of the name derives from the historic definition that refers to a public inn for travelers rather than the modern definition related to the sale of alcoholic beverages.
Construction of Boone Tavern began in 1907 based on designs by the New York architectural firm of Cady & See. The building was built with bricks manufactured by students in the college's brickyard and was constructed by the College's Woodwork Department at a total cost of $20,000.
Located on the College Square in the heart of Berea where the old Dixie Highway crossed the campus, the hotel and restaurant became a popular destination with the traveling public from the beginning of the "automobile age." In the 1930s the establishment was featured in Duncan Hines' Adventures in Good Eating guidebooks. Under the direction of Richard T. Hougen, who headed the restaurant for 35 years beginning in 1940 and published three cookbooks, Boone Tavern established a reputation for fine Southern cooking.
Boone Tavern is owned by Berea College and students make up about 50% of the staff at the hotel and restaurant. Guest rooms feature solid wood furniture made by students of the college. Berea is a work college whose students are required to work at least ten hours per week at Boone Tavern or another college department or work area in exchange for receiving a tuition-free college education.
In 2008 the college undertook an extensive renovation project on Boone Tavern at an estimated cost of $9.6 million, with the aim of converting it into Kentucky's first LEED-certified hotel while preserving its historic character. The renovation was projected to be completed in May 2009. Planned changes included replacing the hotel's kitchen and service elevator, increasing the number of guest rooms from 58 to 64, restoring skylights in the dining room, and adding a new two-story portico entrance on the east facade.
Currently, alcohol cannot be sold at Boone Tavern's restaurant, and diners cannot bring legally purchased alcohol into the restaurant (although hotel guests can bring alcohol into their rooms). Before April 2012, Berea had been the largest city in the state with no provision for legal alcohol sales. In that month, the precinct that includes Boone Tavern voted in favor of allowing sales of alcohol by the drink at its restaurant. The vote was held under a Kentucky law that allows such a vote with regard to state-defined "qualified historic sites". However, the college's board of trustees has not decided whether to apply for a license to sell alcohol, and is not expected to make a decision until 2013. The college has historically been opposed to alcohol, and according to the then-current president of the college, a decision to approve alcohol sales would "put us in an awkward position" with two other restaurants that rent space in buildings attached to the tavern. Those two restaurants would not be allowed to sell alcohol because the attached buildings are not classified as "qualified historic sites" under the aforementioned law.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Boone Tavern website
- Boone Tavern Hotel of Berea College, a Historic Hotels of America member. Historic Hotels of America. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Boone Tavern Hotel & Restaurant, Kentucky Artisan Heritage Trails website
- Howard M. Snyder, Berea's Boone Tavern is again worthy of its reputation, with a new menu that respects its past, Lexington Herald-Leader and Kentucky.com, accessed April 28, 2009
- John Egerton, Ann Bleidt Egerton, and Al Clayton (1993), Southern Food: At Home, on the Road, in History, pages 106-107. UNC Press, ISBN 0-8078-4417-9, ISBN 978-0-8078-4417-5
- Jay Buckner and Tim Jordan, Boone Tavern Renovation Gets Green Light, Berea College press release, 20 December 2007
- Bonnie McKenna, History, arts, music, natural beauty and Abraham Lincoln, The Tribune Newspapers (Humble, Texas), April 6, 2009
- Kocher, Greg (April 7, 2012). "Alcohol approval creates dilemma for Berea College". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- Estep, Bill (June 26, 2012). "Somerset, long dry, votes in favor of alcohol sales". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved August 24, 2012.