Boot Camp (software)
The partitioning options window in Boot Camp
|Initial release||April 5, 2006|
|Stable release||5.1 / February 11, 2014|
|Operating system||OS X|
|Type||Software assistant for dual booting|
Boot Camp is a multi boot utility included with Apple Inc.'s OS X that assists users in installing Microsoft Windows operating systems on Intel-based Macintosh computers. The utility's Boot Camp Assistant guides users through non-destructive disk partitioning (including resizing of an existing HFS+ partition, if necessary) of their hard disk drive and installation of Windows device drivers. The utility also installs a Windows Control Panel applet for selecting the boot operating system.
Initially introduced as an unsupported beta for Mac OS X Tiger, the utility was first included with Mac OS X Leopard and has been included in subsequent versions of the operating system ever since. Previous versions of Boot Camp supported Windows XP, Windows Vista and Windows 7. Boot Camp 4.0 for Mac OS X Snow Leopard up to OS X Mountain Lion version 10.8.2 only supported Windows 7. However, with the release of Boot Camp 5.0 for OS X Mountain Lion version 10.8.3, only 64-bit versions of Windows 7 and Windows 8 are officially supported. Users have also installed Linux using the utility, although Apple has not listed support for Linux operating systems.
Holding down the option key (⌥) at startup brings up the boot manager, allowing the user to choose which operating system to start up. When using a non-Apple keyboard, the alt key usually performs the same action. The boot manager can also be launched by holding down the “menu” button on the Apple Remote at startup.
Boot Camp displaced the open source Xom Project for dual booting Mac OS X and Windows XP.
OS X Lion and Mountain Lion
- 8 GB USB storage device, or external drive formatted as MS-DOS (FAT) for installation of Windows drivers for Mac hardware
- 20 GB free hard disk space for a first-time installation or 40 GB for an upgrade from a previous version of Windows
- A full version of one of the following operating systems:
- Windows 7 Home Premium, Professional, or Ultimate
- Windows 8 and/or Windows 8 Pro (64-bit editions only)
Mac OS X Leopard and Snow Leopard
Apple lists the following requirements for Mac OS X Leopard and Snow Leopard:
- An Intel-based Macintosh computer with the latest firmware (Early Intel-based Macintosh computers require an EFI firmware update for BIOS compatibility).
- A Mac OS X Leopard or Mac OS X Snow Leopard installation disc or Mac OS X Disc 1 included with Macs that have Leopard or Snow Leopard preinstalled; this disc is needed for installation of Windows drivers for Mac hardware
- 10 GB free hard disk space (16 GB is recommended for Windows 7)
- A full version of one of the following operating systems:
Supported Macintosh computers with Windows 8
Officially, the earliest Macintosh models that support Windows 8 are the mid-2011 MacBook Air, 13-inch-mid-2011 or 15 and 17-inch-mid-2010 MacBook Pro, mid-2011 Mac Mini, 21-inch-mid-2011 or 27-inch-mid-2010 iMac, and early 2009 Mac Pro. By running the Boot Camp assistant with a compatible version of Microsoft Windows setup disc in the drive and switching to a Windows 8 disc when OS X reboots the machine to begin installing Windows, Windows 8 can be installed on older unsupported hardware.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2011)|
Officially Boot Camp does not work on Mac OS X Lion and later releases if more than three primary OS X partitions exist on the target hard drive. Since on Mac OS X Lion, the Mac operating system itself consumes three partitions (EFI, Mac OS X, and Recovery), effectively there can only be one partition other than Boot Camp. Thus, for example, it is not officially possible to create a data partition, until after creating the Boot Camp partition. There are alternatives to Boot Camp like rEFInd (forked of rEFIt) which are not subject to these limitations. There is also a work around for Mac OS X Lion which involves interrupting the standard procedure after creating the Boot Camp partition, resizing the primary OS X partition and creating a third partition in the now available space, then continuing with the Windows install. Also, it is a simple matter to fully complete the Windows installation and then create a new Mac partition.
|April 5, 2006|
|August 26, 2006||
|September 14, 2006||
|October 30, 2006||
|March 28, 2007||
|June 7, 2007||
|August 8, 2007||
|2.0||October 26, 2007||
|2.1||April 24, 2008||
|2.2||November 19, 2009|
|3.0||August 28, 2009||
|3.1||January 19, 2010||
|3.2||November 18, 2010|
|3.3||August 24, 2011||
|4.0||July 20, 2012||
|5.0||March 14, 2013||
|5.1||February 11, 2014||
- "Boot Camp 5: Frequently asked questions". Apple Inc. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- Broersma, Matthew (April 13, 2006). "Users Find Flaw in Boot Camp". PC World. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- Mossberg, Walter (April 6, 2006). "Boot Camp Turns Your Mac Into a Reliable Windows PC". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- Kessler, Topher (August 1, 2011). "Boot Camp 4 requires Windows 7 or later". CNET. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- "Apple BootCamp 5.0 only supports 64-bit versions of Windows 7 and 8". BetaNews. March 15, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- "Apple Intel Mac FAQ". Ubuntu Forums.
- "How to install Ubuntu via Boot-Camp on Intel iMac, Mac OS X 10.5". Ubuntu Forums. (Registration required)
- "Xom hack for running Windows on Mac". EveryMac. Retrieved September 26, 2007.
- "You need BIOS compatibility and a MBR partition table to boot Windows". rEFIt project. December 9, 2006. Retrieved July 19, 2009.
- "Boot Camp: System requirements for Microsoft Windows". Apple Inc. January 19, 2010. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- "Boot Camp 2.0: Which versions of Microsoft Windows are supported?". Apple Inc. June 17, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2008.
- "Boot Camp: Macs that work with 64-bit editions of Microsoft Windows Vista". Apple Inc. December 21, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2011.
- "Boot Camp: System requirements for Microsoft Windows operating systems". Apple Inc. March 14, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- "Boot Camp: Frequently asked questions about installing Windows 8". Apple Inc. March 14, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- Apple Inc. (March 16, 2011). "Boot Camp 3.0, Mac OS X 10.6: Frequently asked questions". Apple Inc. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- Boot Camp Software Update 3.3 for Windows
- Keizer, Gregg (August 2, 2011). "OS X Lion requires Windows 7 for Boot Camp". Computerworld. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
|Wikinews has related news: Apple unveils "Boot Camp" allowing Windows to work on Macs|
- Boot Camp support page and installation instructions
- Using the Apple Bluetooth Wireless Keyboard in Boot Camp