Borchs Kollegium (original Latin name: Collegium Mediceum) was founded on 29 May 1691 to house (according to the will of the founder Oluff Borch:) sixteen poor, God-fearing and learned students. It is one of the old dormitories of University of Copenhagen.
The original house, complete with Borchs library and chemical laboratories was destroyed, along with the rest of the city in the Great Fire of Copenhagen in 1728. The house was rebuilt using remnants of the old walls, and stood ready three years and 5500 rigsdaler later, in 1731.
Because of Danish foreign policy in the beginning of the 19th century, Copenhagen was the scene of some conflict with the British navy. In the Battle of Copenhagen (1807) British forces decided to prevent Napoleon from getting hold of the Danish fleet. According to the history of Borchs Kollegium (see references) some of students of Borchs Kollegium participated in these skirmishes. Bombardments were especially heavy in the area around Vor Frue Plads and on the third day, September 4, fire broke out in the Kollegium and the building burned to the ground.
The third building – the house that stands today – was built in 1824-25 under supervision of architect Peder Malling. It was inaugurated on May 28, 1825. Geographical location:
Many famous people have lived in Borchs Kollegium. Complete lists of residents exists on the Danish webpage. Especially noteworthy is Ludvig Holberg - a famous Danish dramatist, essayist and historian. From 1748 to 1754 he was efor – head of the Kollegium. Also the Danish war hero Jens Paludan-Müller, student-resident no. 703, lived in Borchs Kollegium for two years before joining the Second war of Schleswig. He was killed near Sankelmark Lake on February 6th 1864, and a memorial stone in the garden of the Kollegium still commemorates this event. It reads:
Johannes Pedersen: Borchs kollegiums historie 1728-1823. København: Gad 1916.