Russia has international borders with 16 sovereign states, including two with maritime boundaries (USA, Japan), as well as South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The last two are recognized as sovereign states by Russia and a number of other countries. With a land border running 20,241 kilometres (12,577 mi) in total, Russia has (after China), the second-longest land border of any country.
Russia shares borders with more countries than any other state in the world. This includes two partially recognized countries, and two with aquatic boundaries (see below; in italics).
- Table of countries with a land border with Russia
(listed anti-clockwise around Russia).
- If Abkhazia and South Ossetia are counted as sovereign states
Below is a list of subjects with both neighboring regions of Russia with them, and in the neighboring regions of foreign countries.
Central Federal District
Northwestern Federal District
Volga Federal District
Southern Federal District
North Caucasian Federal District
Ural Federal District
Siberian Federal District
Far Eastern Federal District
Crimean Federal District
The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia. Since 1991 Russia also leases Sevastopol Naval Base with current lease extending to 2040s with an option for another extension, but the State Duma approved the denunciation of this lease agreements unanimously by 433 members of parliament on 31 March 2014.
Republic of Crimea