Borders of Russia

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Typical border marker of Russia

Russia has international borders with 16 sovereign states, including two with maritime boundaries (USA, Japan), as well as South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The last two are recognized as sovereign states by Russia and a number of other countries. With a land border running 20,241 kilometres (12,577 mi) in total, Russia has (after China), the second-longest land border of any country.


Russia shares borders with more countries than any other state in the world. This includes two partially recognized countries, and two with aquatic boundaries (see below; in italics).

Table of countries with a land border with Russia
(listed anti-clockwise around Russia).[1]
Country Length (km)
 Norway 196
 Finland 1313
 Estonia 290
 Latvia 292
 Lithuania 227
 Poland 210
 Belarus 959
 Ukraine 1576
 Georgia 723
 Azerbaijan 284
 Kazakhstan 6846
 China (S) 40
 Mongolia 3441
 China (SE) 3605
 North Korea 17.5
Japan Japan water
United States USA water
If Abkhazia and South Ossetia are counted as sovereign states
Country Length (km)
 Abkhazia 255.4
 South Ossetia 70
remaining border with  Georgia 365

Border details[edit]

Below is a list of subjects with both neighboring regions of Russia with them, and in the neighboring regions of foreign countries.

Central Federal District[edit]

Belgorod Oblast Belgorod Oblast

Bryansk Oblast Bryansk Oblast

Vladimir Oblast Vladimir Oblast

Voronezh Oblast Voronezh Oblast

Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo Oblast

Kaluga Oblast Kaluga Oblast

Kostroma Oblast Kostroma Oblast

Kursk Oblast Kursk Oblast

Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk Oblast

Moscow Oblast Moscow Oblast

Oryol Oblast Oryol Oblast

Ryazan Oblast Ryazan Oblast

Smolensk Oblast Smolensk Oblast

Tambov Oblast Tambov Oblast

Tver Oblast Tver Oblast

Tula Oblast Tula Oblast

Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl Oblast

Moscow Moscow

Northwestern Federal District[edit]

Republic of Karelia Republic of Karelia

Komi Republic Komi Republic

Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangelsk Oblast

Vologda Oblast Vologda Oblast

Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad Oblast

Leningrad Oblast Leningrad Oblast

Murmansk Oblast Murmansk Oblast

Novgorod Oblast Novgorod Oblast

Pskov Oblast Pskov Oblast

Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg

Nenets Autonomous Okrug Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Volga Federal District[edit]

Southern Federal District[edit]

North Caucasian Federal District[edit]

Ural Federal District[edit]

Siberian Federal District[edit]

Far Eastern Federal District[edit]

Crimean Federal District[edit]

The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia.[3][4] Since 1991 Russia also leases Sevastopol Naval Base with current lease extending to 2040s with an option for another extension, but the State Duma approved the denunciation of this lease agreements unanimously by 433 members of parliament on 31 March 2014.[5]

Republic of Crimea Republic of Crimea

Sevastopol Sevastopol

See also[edit]


  1. ^ CIA: The World Factbook, Russia
  2. ^ Georgia and the majority of the world does not recognize the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, considering the Russian border with these countries as part of the Russian–Georgian border.
  3. ^ Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
  5. ^ State Duma approves denunciation of Russian-Ukrainian agreements on Black Sea Fleet, ITAR-TASS (31 March 2014)

External links[edit]