Blacher, in a passport photo of 1922
Boris Blacher (19 January [O.S. 6 January] 1903 – 30 January 1975) was a German composer.
Blacher was born when his parents were living within a Russian-speaking community in the Manchurian town of Niuzhuang (Chinese: 牛庄镇) (hence the use of the Julian calendar on his birth record). He spent his first years in China and in the Asian parts of Russia, and in 1919, he eventually came to live in Harbin. In 1922, after finishing school, he went to Berlin where he began to study architecture and mathematics. Two years later, he turned to music and studied composition with Friedrich Ernst Koch.
His career was interrupted by National Socialism. He was accused of writing degenerate music and lost his teaching post at the Dresden Conservatory.
His career resumed after 1945, and he later became director of the Music Academy of Berlin, and is today regarded as one of the most influential music figures of his time. His students include Aribert Reimann, Isang Yun, Maki Ishii, Fritz Geißler, Giselher Klebe, Heimo Erbse, Klaus Huber, Francis Burt, Gottfried von Einem, Karl Rucht, Kalevi Aho and Richard Wernick.
Blacher was married to the pianist Gerty Blacher-Herzog. They had four children including the German actress Tatjana Blacher and the international violinist Kolja Blacher. He died in Berlin at the age of 72.
- at least 6 operas
- Streichtrio - Drei Studien über jüdische Volkslieder (1931)
- Concertante Music for Orchestra (1937)
- Symphony (1938)
- String Quartet No. 2 (1940)
- Orchestral Variations on a Theme by Paganini (1947)
- Violin Concerto (1948)
- Hamlet (1949) - Ballet in a Prologue and three scenes after Shakespeare by Tatjana Gsovsky
- Preußisches Märchen (1949/52) - Ballet-opera in five scenes
- Lysistrata (1950) - Ballet in three scenes after Aristophanes
- Piano Concerto No. 2 (in variable metres) (1952)
- Viola Concerto, Op. 48 (1954)
- Der Mohr von Venedig (1955) - Ballet in a Prologue, 8 scenes and an Epilogue after Shakespeare by Erika Hanka
- Orchester-Fantasie op51 1956
- Cello Concerto (1964), premiered by Siegfried Palm
- Zwischenfälle bei einer Notlandung (1964) - Electronic Opera -
- Tristan (1965) - Ballet in seven scenes by Tatjana Gsovsky
- Anacaona (1969) - Six Poems by Alfred Lord Tennyson about the Indian Queen Anacaona
- Poem for large orchestra (1974) - dedicated to Tatjana Gsovsky
- Variationen über ein Thema von Tschaikowsky ("Rokoko-Variationen") (1974), for cello and piano