Boris Alekseevich Chichibabin (Russian: Бори́с Алексе́евич Чичиба́бин; IPA: [bɐˈrʲis ɐlʲɪkˈsʲejɪvʲɪt͡ɕ t͡ɕɪt͡ɕɪˈbabʲɪn] ( ), Ukrainian: Борис Олексійович Чичибабін; 9 January 1923, Kremenchuk—15 December 1994, Kharkiv; born Polushin (Russian: Полу́шин; IPA: [pɐˈluʂɨn] ( )) was a Soviet poet and a laureat of the USSR State Prize (1990), who is typically regarded as one of the Sixtiers.
He lived in Kharkiv, and in the course of three decades became one of the most famous and best-loved members of the artistic intelligentsia of the city, i.e., from the 1950s to 1980s. From the end of the 1950s, his poetry was widely distributed throughout the Soviet Union as samizdat. Official recognition came only at the end of his life in the time of perestroika.
Life and work
Boris Chichibabin was the son of an army officer, was educated in Chuguev in Kharkov oblast. His pseudonym was taken in honour of his uncle once removed on his mother's side, the academic Aleksei Chichibabin, an eminent chemist and one of the first Soviet 'nonreturnees'. In 1940, Boris began his studies at the Kharkov Institute, but on the outbreak of war was called up to the Caucasus Front.
In 1945 he entered the philological department of the Kharkov State University, but by June 1946 had been arrested and sentenced to five in the camps for "anti-Soviet agitation". The cause of his arrest was his poetry itself.
In prison Chichibabin wrote «Красные помидоры» (Red tomatoes), in the gulag «Махорку» (To cheap tobacco), and two spectacular pieces «тюремной лирики» (Lyrics from the Gaol). This poetry, put to music by the actor and singer Leonid Pugachev, is widely known throughout Russia.
By the 1950s, by the time of his release from the camps, the principal themes of Chichibabin's writing were already marked out. Above all these are the lyrics of the citizenry. "The new Radischev is angry and sad" reminds us of the "state boors" in his poem of 1959, «Клянусь на знамени весёлом» "I bow to the banner of jollity" («Не умер Сталин», or "Stalin did not die").
Chichibabin died in 1994.
- Мороз и солнце. English: Frost and Sunshine — Kharkov, 1963.
- Молодость. — English: Youth Moscow: Soviet Writer, 1963.
- Гармония. — English: Harmony: Kharkov, 1965.
- Плывет Аврора: Книга лирики. English: The Floating Avrora: A Book of Lyrics: — Kharkov: «Prapor», 1968.
- Колокол: Стихи. English: Bells: Poems: Izvestiya, 1989; Moscow: Soviet Writer, 1991 ISBN 5-265-01312-1
- Мои шестидесятые English: My Sixties: . Kiev: Dnipro, 1990.
- Цветение картошки: Книга лирики. English: Flowering Potatoes: — Moscow: Moscow Worker, 1994 ISBN 5-239-01703-4
- 82 сонета + 28 стихотворений о любви. English: 82 sonnets + 28 love poems: Мoscow, 1994
- В стихах и прозе. English: In Poetry and Prose: Kharkov: St Petersburg «Karavella», 1995; Kharkov: Folio, 1998
- Биография, стихи, воспоминания (In Russian)
- А.Н.Губайдуллина Две родины в лирике Б.Чичибабина (In Russian)